Solar photocatalysis: A green technology for E. coli contaminated water disinfection. Effect of concentration and different types of suspended catalyst

Sihem Helali, Maria Inmaculada Polo-López, P Fernandez Ibanez, Bunsho Ohtani, Fumiaki Amano, Sixto Malato, Chantal Guillard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Photocatalytic and photolytic disinfection of Escherichia coli in water was studied under natural sunlight using different types of photocatalyst (TiO2 P-25, PC500, Ruana and Bi2 WO6 ) at different concentrations. The solar photo-inactivation yielded complete inactivation results, which varied with the solar light intensity. Meanwhile, dark control samples in the lab (temperature constant at 25 ◦ C) remained at con- stant concentration and dark samples outside laboratory showed a decrease due to the mild solar heating occurred during the experiments.The adding of any kind of photo-catalyst to the water accelerated the bactericidal action of solar irradiation and led to complete disinfection (until detection limit). The photocatalytic disinfection efficiency was not enhanced by the increase of catalyst concentration above 0.5g/L for P-25, PC500 and Bi2WO6, where about 106 CFU/mL were completely inactivated within 5 min, 30 min and more than 150 min of solar exposure under clear sky, respectively. An increase of the concentration to 1 g/L slightly decreased the total inactivation time. Rutile (Ruana) catalyst behaves differently, optimal concentration was lower than for the other titania materials; agglomeration of particles occurred as the concentration of catalyst increases. Durability of photocatalytic treatment and chemicals analyses of inorganic anions and cations have also been investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-40
JournalJournal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry
Volume276
Early online date1 Dec 2013
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Dec 2013

Keywords

  • E. coli
  • Solar Disinfection
  • Photocatalysis
  • Bacterial inactivation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Solar photocatalysis: A green technology for E. coli contaminated water disinfection. Effect of concentration and different types of suspended catalyst'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this