Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production

Jayanta Deb Mondol, VVN Kishore, Mervyn Smyth, Aggelos Zacharopoulos, Arun Kansal, Mark Anderson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The wide scale application of anaerobic digestion (AD) technology has been limited in colder climate regions as these systems can be adversely affected by low ambient temperatures, leading to a cumbersome digestion of the waste and longer hydraulic retention time resulting in reduced biogas yield. These issues can be addressed by developing small-scale locally applied systems/processes that can be improved by increasing the temperature of the biomass slurry to enhance the process rate. In this paper a new hybrid system is proposed. The proposed system is based upon a conceptual Solar Accelerator Anaerobic Digester (SAAD) design developed at the University of Ulster and TERI’s Enhanced Acidification and Methanation (TEAM) developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India. An experimental programme determined the operational characteristics of the SAAD design covering the aspects of solar heating and its influence on batch AD process. The effect on the acidification process was also investigated by monitoring the batch pH, COD and volatile fatty acid concentration. The results showed that under a range of operating conditions the proposed system has a potential to degrade various feedstocks at a faster rate resulting in improvements in yield for different operating conditions.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Pages1233-1238
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jul 2013
Event21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 30 Jul 2013 → …

Conference

Conference21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
Period30/07/13 → …

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Anaerobic digestion
Acidification
Biogas
Particle accelerators
Volatile fatty acids
Methanation
Solar heating
Hybrid systems
Feedstocks
Biomass
Hydraulics
Temperature
Monitoring

Cite this

Mondol, J. D., Kishore, VVN., Smyth, M., Zacharopoulos, A., Kansal, A., & Anderson, M. (2013). Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production. In Unknown Host Publication (pp. 1233-1238)
Mondol, Jayanta Deb ; Kishore, VVN ; Smyth, Mervyn ; Zacharopoulos, Aggelos ; Kansal, Arun ; Anderson, Mark. / Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production. Unknown Host Publication. 2013. pp. 1233-1238
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abstract = "The wide scale application of anaerobic digestion (AD) technology has been limited in colder climate regions as these systems can be adversely affected by low ambient temperatures, leading to a cumbersome digestion of the waste and longer hydraulic retention time resulting in reduced biogas yield. These issues can be addressed by developing small-scale locally applied systems/processes that can be improved by increasing the temperature of the biomass slurry to enhance the process rate. In this paper a new hybrid system is proposed. The proposed system is based upon a conceptual Solar Accelerator Anaerobic Digester (SAAD) design developed at the University of Ulster and TERI’s Enhanced Acidification and Methanation (TEAM) developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India. An experimental programme determined the operational characteristics of the SAAD design covering the aspects of solar heating and its influence on batch AD process. The effect on the acidification process was also investigated by monitoring the batch pH, COD and volatile fatty acid concentration. The results showed that under a range of operating conditions the proposed system has a potential to degrade various feedstocks at a faster rate resulting in improvements in yield for different operating conditions.",
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Mondol, JD, Kishore, VVN, Smyth, M, Zacharopoulos, A, Kansal, A & Anderson, M 2013, Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production. in Unknown Host Publication. pp. 1233-1238, 21st European Biomass Conference and Exhibition, 30/07/13.

Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production. / Mondol, Jayanta Deb; Kishore, VVN; Smyth, Mervyn; Zacharopoulos, Aggelos; Kansal, Arun; Anderson, Mark.

Unknown Host Publication. 2013. p. 1233-1238.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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T1 - Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production

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AU - Kansal, Arun

AU - Anderson, Mark

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N2 - The wide scale application of anaerobic digestion (AD) technology has been limited in colder climate regions as these systems can be adversely affected by low ambient temperatures, leading to a cumbersome digestion of the waste and longer hydraulic retention time resulting in reduced biogas yield. These issues can be addressed by developing small-scale locally applied systems/processes that can be improved by increasing the temperature of the biomass slurry to enhance the process rate. In this paper a new hybrid system is proposed. The proposed system is based upon a conceptual Solar Accelerator Anaerobic Digester (SAAD) design developed at the University of Ulster and TERI’s Enhanced Acidification and Methanation (TEAM) developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India. An experimental programme determined the operational characteristics of the SAAD design covering the aspects of solar heating and its influence on batch AD process. The effect on the acidification process was also investigated by monitoring the batch pH, COD and volatile fatty acid concentration. The results showed that under a range of operating conditions the proposed system has a potential to degrade various feedstocks at a faster rate resulting in improvements in yield for different operating conditions.

AB - The wide scale application of anaerobic digestion (AD) technology has been limited in colder climate regions as these systems can be adversely affected by low ambient temperatures, leading to a cumbersome digestion of the waste and longer hydraulic retention time resulting in reduced biogas yield. These issues can be addressed by developing small-scale locally applied systems/processes that can be improved by increasing the temperature of the biomass slurry to enhance the process rate. In this paper a new hybrid system is proposed. The proposed system is based upon a conceptual Solar Accelerator Anaerobic Digester (SAAD) design developed at the University of Ulster and TERI’s Enhanced Acidification and Methanation (TEAM) developed by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI), India. An experimental programme determined the operational characteristics of the SAAD design covering the aspects of solar heating and its influence on batch AD process. The effect on the acidification process was also investigated by monitoring the batch pH, COD and volatile fatty acid concentration. The results showed that under a range of operating conditions the proposed system has a potential to degrade various feedstocks at a faster rate resulting in improvements in yield for different operating conditions.

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Mondol JD, Kishore VVN, Smyth M, Zacharopoulos A, Kansal A, Anderson M. Solar Accelerator Anerobic Digester Design for Small-scale Bio-gas Production. In Unknown Host Publication. 2013. p. 1233-1238