Social Identity Leadership Style and Perceived Coaching Competency

Paul Cummins, T CASSIDY, Gavin Breslin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aims of the study were to test the validity of two measures of team social identity against a measure of the athletes‟ perceptions of their coach‟s competency. A sample of 396 (age 18-35) athletes completed, the Coach Social Identity Scale (CSIS), the Team Social Identification Scale (TSIS), and, the Athlete‟s Perceptions of Coaching Competency Scale II (APCCS II). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the single factor ten item CSIS and TSIS attained good fit. Both the CSIS and the TSIS correlated positively and significantly with the dimensions of motivation, game strategy, technique, physical conditioning and character building and with the overall rating of competence of the coach. Overall the results support the CSIS and TSIS as reliable and valid measures, and show that they can be applied in team sports as a measure of SIT.
LanguageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Social Sciences Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 25 Nov 2018

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Coaching
Social identity
Leadership style
Competency
Coach
Social identification
Conditioning
Social identity theory
Factors
Rating
Confirmatory factor analysis

Keywords

  • Team sports
  • Social identity
  • Leadership
  • Motivation
  • Competence
  • Coaching

Cite this

@article{8797d243652a4527b39c80766a167f50,
title = "Social Identity Leadership Style and Perceived Coaching Competency",
abstract = "The aims of the study were to test the validity of two measures of team social identity against a measure of the athletes‟ perceptions of their coach‟s competency. A sample of 396 (age 18-35) athletes completed, the Coach Social Identity Scale (CSIS), the Team Social Identification Scale (TSIS), and, the Athlete‟s Perceptions of Coaching Competency Scale II (APCCS II). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the single factor ten item CSIS and TSIS attained good fit. Both the CSIS and the TSIS correlated positively and significantly with the dimensions of motivation, game strategy, technique, physical conditioning and character building and with the overall rating of competence of the coach. Overall the results support the CSIS and TSIS as reliable and valid measures, and show that they can be applied in team sports as a measure of SIT.",
keywords = "Team sports, Social identity, Leadership, Motivation, Competence, Coaching",
author = "Paul Cummins and T CASSIDY and Gavin Breslin",
note = "Avolio, B. J., Walumbwa, F. O. and Weber, T. J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60: 421-49. Bennis, W. (2003). The end of leadership, Exemplary leadership is impossible without full inclusion, initiatives, and co-operation of followers. Organizational Dynamics, 28: 71-79. Cassidy, T., Cummins, P., Breslin, G. and Stringer, M. (2014). Perceptions of coach social identity and team confidence, motivation and self-esteem. Psychology, 5: 1175-84. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.510130 Chelladurai, P. (2007). Leadership in sports. In g. Tenenbaum & R. C. Eklund (eds.) handbook of sport psychology. John Wiley & Sons: New Jersey. 113-35. Haslam, S. A. and Reicher, S. D. (2016). Leicester‟s lesson in leadership. The Psychologist, 29: 446-49. Haslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D. and Platow, M. J. (2011). The new psychology of leadership, Identity, influence and power. Psychology Press: New York. Hollander, E. P. (1995). Organizational leadership and followership. In P. Collett & A. Furnham (Eds.) Social psychology at work, Essays in honour of Michael Argyle. Routledge: London. 69–87. Hollander, E. P. (2008). Inclusive leadership: The essential leader-follower relationship. Routledge: New York. Hu, L. T. and Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cut off criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis, Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6: 1-55. Jackson, D. L., Gillaspy, J. A. and Purc-Stephenson, R. (2009). Reporting practices in confirmatory factor analysis, An overview and some recommendations. Psychological Methods, 14(1): 6-23. Lamping, D. L., Schroter, S., Marquis, P., Marrel, A., Duprat-Lomon, I. and Sagnier, P. P. (2002). The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Symptom Questionnaire, a new patient-based outcome measure to evaluate symptoms in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Chest, 122: 920-29. Myers, N. D., Beauchamp, M. R. and Chase, M. A. (2011). Coaching competency and satisfaction with the coach, A multi-level structural equation model. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(4): 411-22. Myers, N. D., Chase, M. A., Beauchamp, M. R. and Jackson, B. (2010). The coaching competency scale II – High school teams. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70: 477-94. Rees, T., Haslam, S. A., Coffee, P. and Lavallee, D. (2015). A social identity approach to sport psychology, Principles, practice, and prospects. Sports Medicine, 45: 1083-96. Smith, S. C., Lamping, D. L., Banerjee, S., Harwood, R., Foley, B., Smith, P., Cook, J. C., Murray, J., Prince, M., Levin, E., Mann, A. and Knapp, M. (2005). Measurement of health-related quality of life for people with dementia, development of a new instrument (DEMQOL) and an evaluation of current methodology. Health Technology Assessment, 9(10): 1-108. Smoll, F. L. and Smith, R. E. (1989). Leadership behaviours in sport, A theoretical model and research paradigm. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19: 1522-51. Steffens, N. and Haslam, S. A. (2013). Power through 'us', Leaders' use of we-referencing language predicts election victory. PLoS ONE, 10(10): e77952. Tajfel, H. and Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict, In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.) The social psychology of intergroup relations. Brooks/Cole: Monterey, CA. 33-47. Turnnidge, J. and C{\^o}t{\'e}, J. (2016). Applying transformational leadership theory to coaching research in youth sport, A systematic literature review. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology:",
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N1 - Avolio, B. J., Walumbwa, F. O. and Weber, T. J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60: 421-49. Bennis, W. (2003). The end of leadership, Exemplary leadership is impossible without full inclusion, initiatives, and co-operation of followers. Organizational Dynamics, 28: 71-79. Cassidy, T., Cummins, P., Breslin, G. and Stringer, M. (2014). Perceptions of coach social identity and team confidence, motivation and self-esteem. Psychology, 5: 1175-84. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.510130 Chelladurai, P. (2007). Leadership in sports. In g. Tenenbaum & R. C. Eklund (eds.) handbook of sport psychology. John Wiley & Sons: New Jersey. 113-35. Haslam, S. A. and Reicher, S. D. (2016). Leicester‟s lesson in leadership. The Psychologist, 29: 446-49. Haslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D. and Platow, M. J. (2011). The new psychology of leadership, Identity, influence and power. Psychology Press: New York. Hollander, E. P. (1995). Organizational leadership and followership. In P. Collett & A. Furnham (Eds.) Social psychology at work, Essays in honour of Michael Argyle. Routledge: London. 69–87. Hollander, E. P. (2008). Inclusive leadership: The essential leader-follower relationship. Routledge: New York. Hu, L. T. and Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cut off criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis, Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6: 1-55. Jackson, D. L., Gillaspy, J. A. and Purc-Stephenson, R. (2009). Reporting practices in confirmatory factor analysis, An overview and some recommendations. Psychological Methods, 14(1): 6-23. Lamping, D. L., Schroter, S., Marquis, P., Marrel, A., Duprat-Lomon, I. and Sagnier, P. P. (2002). The Community-Acquired Pneumonia Symptom Questionnaire, a new patient-based outcome measure to evaluate symptoms in patients with community-acquired pneumonia. Chest, 122: 920-29. Myers, N. D., Beauchamp, M. R. and Chase, M. A. (2011). Coaching competency and satisfaction with the coach, A multi-level structural equation model. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(4): 411-22. Myers, N. D., Chase, M. A., Beauchamp, M. R. and Jackson, B. (2010). The coaching competency scale II – High school teams. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70: 477-94. Rees, T., Haslam, S. A., Coffee, P. and Lavallee, D. (2015). A social identity approach to sport psychology, Principles, practice, and prospects. Sports Medicine, 45: 1083-96. Smith, S. C., Lamping, D. L., Banerjee, S., Harwood, R., Foley, B., Smith, P., Cook, J. C., Murray, J., Prince, M., Levin, E., Mann, A. and Knapp, M. (2005). Measurement of health-related quality of life for people with dementia, development of a new instrument (DEMQOL) and an evaluation of current methodology. Health Technology Assessment, 9(10): 1-108. Smoll, F. L. and Smith, R. E. (1989). Leadership behaviours in sport, A theoretical model and research paradigm. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 19: 1522-51. Steffens, N. and Haslam, S. A. (2013). Power through 'us', Leaders' use of we-referencing language predicts election victory. PLoS ONE, 10(10): e77952. Tajfel, H. and Turner, J. C. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict, In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.) The social psychology of intergroup relations. Brooks/Cole: Monterey, CA. 33-47. Turnnidge, J. and Côté, J. (2016). Applying transformational leadership theory to coaching research in youth sport, A systematic literature review. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology:

PY - 2018/11/25

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AB - The aims of the study were to test the validity of two measures of team social identity against a measure of the athletes‟ perceptions of their coach‟s competency. A sample of 396 (age 18-35) athletes completed, the Coach Social Identity Scale (CSIS), the Team Social Identification Scale (TSIS), and, the Athlete‟s Perceptions of Coaching Competency Scale II (APCCS II). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the single factor ten item CSIS and TSIS attained good fit. Both the CSIS and the TSIS correlated positively and significantly with the dimensions of motivation, game strategy, technique, physical conditioning and character building and with the overall rating of competence of the coach. Overall the results support the CSIS and TSIS as reliable and valid measures, and show that they can be applied in team sports as a measure of SIT.

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