Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia

Rachel Shannon, Max Hope, John McCloskey, Dominic Crowley, Peter Crichton

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science–humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science–humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and supportin relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science–humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages636-653
    JournalDisasters
    Volume38
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2014

    Fingerprint

    Indonesia
    science
    disaster
    natural disaster
    coproduction
    Social Role
    social process
    dialogue
    knowledge

    Keywords

    • case study approach
    • disaster risk reduction
    • geoscience
    • partnership
    • social dimensions
    • Sumatra

    Cite this

    Shannon, R., Hope, M., McCloskey, J., Crowley, D., & Crichton, P. (2014). Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Disasters, 38(3), 636-653.
    Shannon, Rachel ; Hope, Max ; McCloskey, John ; Crowley, Dominic ; Crichton, Peter. / Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. In: Disasters. 2014 ; Vol. 38, No. 3. pp. 636-653.
    @article{42726c3757aa44bdaaa6e02219348408,
    title = "Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia",
    abstract = "This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science–humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science–humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and supportin relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science–humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue.",
    keywords = "case study approach, disaster risk reduction, geoscience, partnership, social dimensions, Sumatra",
    author = "Rachel Shannon and Max Hope and John McCloskey and Dominic Crowley and Peter Crichton",
    note = "Reference text: Anderson, M.B. (1999) Do No Harm: How Aid Can Support Peace-Or War. Lynne Rienner Publishers,London. Beetham, D. and B. Sinclair (2008) ‘Uplift and damage from the Mw8.7 Nias earthquake of 28 March 2005’. Resilient Organisations Research Report. 2. http://www.irbnet.de/daten/iconda/CIB11504.pdf (accessed on 25 February 2010). Blackwood, E. (2001) ‘Representing women: the politics of Minangkabau Adat writings’. The Journal of Asian Studies. 60(1). pp. 125–149. Brown, P. and E.J. Mikkelsen (1997) No Safe Place: Toxic Waste, Leukemia and Community Action, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. Budds, J. (2009) ‘Contested H2O: science, policy and politics in water resources management in Chile’. Geoforum. 40(3). pp. 418–430. B{\"u}scher, K. and K. Vlassenroot (2010) ‘Humanitarian presence and urban development: new opportunities and contrasts in Goma, DRC’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 256–273. Christoplos, I. (2005) ‘Institutional capacity building amid humanitarian action’. ALNAP Review of Humanitarian Action in 2004: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action Research Report. http://www.alnap.org/resource/5215.aspx (accessed on 29 April 2014). Clarke, P. and B. Ramalingam (2008) ‘Organisational change in the humanitarian sector’. ALNAP Review of Humanitarian Action: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action Research Report. http://www.alnap.org/resource/5231.aspx (accessed on 29 April 2014). Cohen, M.I. (2003) ‘Look at the clouds: migration and West Sumatran popular theatre’. New Theatre Quarterly. 19(3). pp. 214–229. Collingridge, D. and C. Reeve (1986) Science Speaks Truth to Power: The Role of Experts in Policymaking. St. Martin’s Press, New York, NY. Colombijn, F. (1996) ‘City profile: Padang’. Cities. 13(4). pp. 281–288. Cronin, S.J., M.J. Petterson, M.W. Taylor, and R. Biliki (2004) ‘Maximising multi-stakeholder participation in government and community volcanic hazard management programs; a case study from Savo, Solomon Islands’. Natural Hazards. 33. pp 105–136. Demeritt, D. (2000) ‘The new social contract for science: accountability, relevance and value in US and UK science and research policy’. Antipode. 32(3). pp. 308–329. Dickens, P. (1996) Reconstructing Nature: Alienation, Emancipation and the Division of Labour. Routledge, London. DuBrin, A.J. (1997) Fundamentals of Organizational Behaviour: An Applied Approach. South-Western College Publishing, Cincinnati, OH. Elder, K. et al. (2007) ‘African Americans decisions not to evacuate New Orleans before Hurricane Katrina’. American Journal of Public Health. 97(1). pp. 124–129. Epstein, S. (2000) ‘Democracy, expertise, and AIDS treatment activism’. In D.L. Kleinman (ed.) Science, Technology and Democracy. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY. pp. 15–32. Etzkowitz, H. and L. Leydesdorff (1997) ‘Introduction to special issue on science policy dimensions of the triple helix of university-industry-government relations’. Science and Public Policy. 24(2). pp. 2–5. Fischer, F. (2005) Citizens, Experts and Environment: The Politics of Local Knowledge. Duke University Press, Durham, NC. Forsyth, T. (2003) Critical Political Ecology: The Politics of Environmental Science. Routledge, London. Freedman, A.L. (2000) Political Participation and Ethnic Minorities: Chinese Overseas in Malaysia, Indonesia and the United State. Routledge, New York, NY. Gergen, K.J. (1985) ‘The social constructionist movement in modern psychology’. American Psychologist. 40(3). pp. 266–275. Griffin, D., P. Shaw, and R. Stacey (1999) ‘Knowing and acting in conditions of uncertainty: a complexity perspective’. Systemic Practice and Action Research. 12(3). pp. 295–309. GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft f{\"u}r Internationale Zusammenarbeit) (2008) Capacity Building in Local Communities: German-Indonesian Cooperation for Tsunami Early Warning System. Newsletter. 8 (October–December). http://www.gitews.org/index.php?id=35&L=1 (accessed on 14 June 2010). Handler Chayes, A., A. Chayes, and G. Raach (1997) ‘Beyond reform: restructuring for more effective conflict intervention’. Global Governance. 3(2). pp. 117–145. Handy, C. (1999) Understanding Organizations. Penguin, London. Heidhues, M.F. (1974) Southeast Asia’s Chinese Minorities. Longman, Melbourne. HFP (Humanitarian Futures Programme) (2007) Promoting the Dialogue between Scientists and Humanitarians. Humanitarian Futures Briefing Paper. September. http://www.humanitarianfutures.org/ publications/briefing-paper-promoting-dialogue-between-scientists-and-humanitarians/ (accessed on 29 April 2014). Hilhorst, D. and M. Serrano (2010) ‘The humanitarian arena in Angola 1975–2008’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 183–201. Hilhorst, D., D. Dijkzeul, and J. Herman (2010) ‘Editorial: social dynamics of humanitarian action’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 127–129. Hoon, C-Y. (2006) Reconceptualising Ethnic Chinese Identity in Post-Suharto Indonesia. PhD dissertation. University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA. Huppert, H.E. and S. Sparks (2006) ‘Extreme natural hazards: population growth, globalisation and environmental change’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 364(1845). pp. 1875–1888. Irwin, A. and M. Michael (2003) Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge. Open University Press, Maidenhead. Jasanoff, S. (2004) ‘The idiom of co-production’. In S. Jasanoff (ed.) States of Knowledge: The Coproduction of Science and Social Order. Routledge, London. pp. 1–13. Jindal-Snape, D. and J.B. Snape (2006) ‘Motivation of scientists in a government research institute:scientists’ perceptions and the role of management’ Management Decision. 44(10). pp. 1325–1343. Johnston, A.T. (2009) ‘When scientists get involved in public policy’ BiomedicalEngineering Society Newsletter. 33(3). pp. 1, 4. Kennedy, D. (2008) The Dark Side of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Kinsella, W.J. (2002) ‘Problematizing the distinction between expert and lay knowledge’. New Jersey Journal of Communication. 10(2). pp. 191–207. Konca, A.O. et al. (2008) ‘Partial rupture of a locked patch of the Sumatra megathrust during the 2007 earthquake sequence’. Nature. 456. pp. 631–635. Lackey, R.T. (2007) ‘Science, scientists, and policy advocacy’. Conservation Biology. 21(1). pp. 12–17. McCloskey, J. et al. (2008) ‘Tsunami threat in the Indian Ocean from a future megathrust earthquake west of Sumatra’. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 265. pp. 61–81. McCloskey, J. et al. (2010) ‘The September 2009 Padang earthquake’. Nature Geoscience. 3. pp. 70–71. McCue, K. (1999) ‘Seismic hazard mapping in Australia, the Southwest Pacific and Southeast Asia’. Annals of Geophysics. 42(6). pp. 1191–1198. Martin-Sempere, M.J., B. Garzon-Garcia, and J. Rey-Rocha (2008) ‘Scientists’ motivation to communicate science and technology to the public: surveying participants at the Madrid Science Fair’. Public Understanding of Science. 17(3). pp. 349–367. May, T. and B. Perry (2011) ‘Case study research’. In T. May (ed.) Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process. Fourth edition. Open University Press, Maidenhead. pp. 219–242. Meertens, D. (2010) ‘Forced displacement and women’s security in Colombia’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 147–164. Mercer, J., I. Kelman, L. Taranis, and S. Suchet-Pearson (2010) ‘Framework for integrating indigenous and scientific knowledge for disaster risk reduction’. Disasters. 34(1). pp. 214–239. Nalbant, S.S., S. Steacy, K. Sieh, D. Natawidjaja, and J, McCloskey (2005) ‘Earthquake risk on the Sunda Trench’. Nature. 435(9). pp. 756–757. Natawidjaja D.H. et al. (2006) ‘Source parameters of the great Sumatran megathrust earthquakes of 1797and 1833 inferred from coral microatolls’. Journal of Geophysical Research. 111(B6). doi:10.1029/2055JB004025. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2005JB004025/abstract (accessed on 29 April 2014). Ong, A. (2006) Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty. Duke University Press, London. Pelling, M. (2001) ‘Natural disasters?’. In N. Castree and B. Braun (eds.) Social Nature: Theory, Practice and Politics. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford. pp. 170–189. Pelling, M., C. High, J. Dearing, and D. Smith (2008) ‘Shadow spaces for social learning: a relational understanding of adaptive capacity to climate change within organizations’. Environment and Planning A. 40(4). pp. 867–884. Pelling, M. and K. Dill (2010) ‘Disaster politics: tipping points for change in the adaption of sociopolitical regimes’. Progress in Human Geography. 43(1). pp. 21–37. RCUK (Research Councils United Kingdom) (2009) Knowledge Transfer Portal. http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/ news/archive/2009/090225-n-launch-knowledge-transfer-portal.aspx (accessed on 11 October 2012). Red Cross (2007) Indonesia: Bengkulu Earthquake. Information Bulletin. 4. http://www.ifrc.org/docs/ appeals/rpts07/ideq031007-04.pdf (accessed on 1 June 2009). Richards, P. (2010) ‘Ritual dynamics in humanitarian assistance’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 138–146. Rier, D.A. (2003) ‘Work setting, publication, and scientific responsibility’. Science Communication. 24(4). pp. 420–457. Schlurmann, T., W. Kongko, N. Goseberg, D.H. Natawidjaja, and K. Sieh (2010) ‘Near field tsunami hazard map Padang, West Sumatra: utilizing high resolution geospatial data and reasonable source scenarios’. Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Engineering Symposium. http://journals. tdl.org/ICCE/article/viewArticle/1100 (accessed on 22 September 2011). Shannon, R., M. Hope, and J. McCloskey (2011) ‘The Bengkulu premonition: cultural pluralism and hybridity in disaster risk reduction’. Area. 43(4). pp. 449–455. Spahn, H., M. Hoppe, H.D. Vidiarian, and B. Usdianto (2010) ‘Experience from three years of local capacity development for tsunami early warning in Indonesia: challenges, lessons and the way ahead’. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 10. pp. 1411–1429. Stein, S. and E.A. Okal (2005) ‘Speed and size of the Sumatra earthquake’. Nature. 434. pp. 581–582. Stockton, N. (1998) ‘In defence of humanitarianism’. Disasters. 22(4). Pp. 352–360. Strunz, G. et al. (2011) ‘Tsunami risk assessment in Indonesia’. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 11. pp. 67–82. Sudaryo, K. et al. (2012) ‘Injury, disability and quality of life after the 2009 earthquake in Padang, Indonesia: a prospective cohort study of adult survivors’. Global Health Action. 5. pp. 1–11. Suryadinata, L., E.N. Arifin, and A. Ananta (2003) Indonesia’s Population. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. Tan, E.K.B. (2001) ‘From sojourners to citizens: managing the ethnic Chinese minority in Indonesia and Malaysia’. Ethnic Racial Studies. 24(6). pp. 949–978. Taubenb{\"o}ck, H. et al. (2008) Multi-scale Assessment of Population Distribution Utilizing Remotely Sensed Data: The Case Study Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Conference on Tsunami Warning (ICTW), Bali, Indonesia, 12–14 November 2008. Weiss, T. and P. Hoffman (2007) ‘The fog of humanitarianism: collective action problems and learningchallenged organisations’. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. 1(1). pp. 47–65. Wenger, E. (2000) ‘Communities of practice and social learning systems’. Organization. 7(2). pp. 225–246. Wilby, R.L. (2010) ‘How climate science can effectively inform humanitarian and development planning and programmes—a climate scientist perspective’. Humanitarian Futures Programme. http:// www.humanitarianfutures.org/hfpubs/wilby (accessed on 1 November 2012). Williams, M. (2002) ‘Generalization in interpretative research’. In T. May (ed.) Qualitative Research in Action. Sage, London. pp. 125–143. Wisner, B., P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, and I. Davis (2004) At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters. Second edition. Routledge, London. Wynne, B. (1996) ‘May the sheep safely graze? A reflexive view of the expert-lay knowledge divide’. In S. Lash., S. Bronislaw, and B. Wynne (eds.) Risk, Environment and Modernity: Towards a New Ecology. Sage, London. pp. 44–82. Wynne, B. (2006) ‘Public engagement as a means of restoring public trust in science-hitting the notes but missing the music’. Community Genetics. 9(3). pp. 211–220. Yearley, S. (2005). Making Sense of Science: Understanding the Social Study of Science. Sage, London.",
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    Shannon, R, Hope, M, McCloskey, J, Crowley, D & Crichton, P 2014, 'Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia', Disasters, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 636-653.

    Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. / Shannon, Rachel; Hope, Max; McCloskey, John; Crowley, Dominic; Crichton, Peter.

    In: Disasters, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.07.2014, p. 636-653.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia

    AU - Shannon, Rachel

    AU - Hope, Max

    AU - McCloskey, John

    AU - Crowley, Dominic

    AU - Crichton, Peter

    N1 - Reference text: Anderson, M.B. (1999) Do No Harm: How Aid Can Support Peace-Or War. Lynne Rienner Publishers,London. Beetham, D. and B. Sinclair (2008) ‘Uplift and damage from the Mw8.7 Nias earthquake of 28 March 2005’. Resilient Organisations Research Report. 2. http://www.irbnet.de/daten/iconda/CIB11504.pdf (accessed on 25 February 2010). Blackwood, E. (2001) ‘Representing women: the politics of Minangkabau Adat writings’. The Journal of Asian Studies. 60(1). pp. 125–149. Brown, P. and E.J. Mikkelsen (1997) No Safe Place: Toxic Waste, Leukemia and Community Action, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. Budds, J. (2009) ‘Contested H2O: science, policy and politics in water resources management in Chile’. Geoforum. 40(3). pp. 418–430. Büscher, K. and K. Vlassenroot (2010) ‘Humanitarian presence and urban development: new opportunities and contrasts in Goma, DRC’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 256–273. Christoplos, I. (2005) ‘Institutional capacity building amid humanitarian action’. ALNAP Review of Humanitarian Action in 2004: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action Research Report. http://www.alnap.org/resource/5215.aspx (accessed on 29 April 2014). Clarke, P. and B. Ramalingam (2008) ‘Organisational change in the humanitarian sector’. ALNAP Review of Humanitarian Action: Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action Research Report. http://www.alnap.org/resource/5231.aspx (accessed on 29 April 2014). Cohen, M.I. (2003) ‘Look at the clouds: migration and West Sumatran popular theatre’. New Theatre Quarterly. 19(3). pp. 214–229. Collingridge, D. and C. Reeve (1986) Science Speaks Truth to Power: The Role of Experts in Policymaking. St. Martin’s Press, New York, NY. Colombijn, F. (1996) ‘City profile: Padang’. Cities. 13(4). pp. 281–288. Cronin, S.J., M.J. Petterson, M.W. Taylor, and R. Biliki (2004) ‘Maximising multi-stakeholder participation in government and community volcanic hazard management programs; a case study from Savo, Solomon Islands’. Natural Hazards. 33. pp 105–136. Demeritt, D. (2000) ‘The new social contract for science: accountability, relevance and value in US and UK science and research policy’. Antipode. 32(3). pp. 308–329. Dickens, P. (1996) Reconstructing Nature: Alienation, Emancipation and the Division of Labour. Routledge, London. DuBrin, A.J. (1997) Fundamentals of Organizational Behaviour: An Applied Approach. South-Western College Publishing, Cincinnati, OH. Elder, K. et al. (2007) ‘African Americans decisions not to evacuate New Orleans before Hurricane Katrina’. American Journal of Public Health. 97(1). pp. 124–129. Epstein, S. (2000) ‘Democracy, expertise, and AIDS treatment activism’. In D.L. Kleinman (ed.) Science, Technology and Democracy. State University of New York Press, Albany, NY. pp. 15–32. Etzkowitz, H. and L. Leydesdorff (1997) ‘Introduction to special issue on science policy dimensions of the triple helix of university-industry-government relations’. Science and Public Policy. 24(2). pp. 2–5. Fischer, F. (2005) Citizens, Experts and Environment: The Politics of Local Knowledge. Duke University Press, Durham, NC. Forsyth, T. (2003) Critical Political Ecology: The Politics of Environmental Science. Routledge, London. Freedman, A.L. (2000) Political Participation and Ethnic Minorities: Chinese Overseas in Malaysia, Indonesia and the United State. Routledge, New York, NY. Gergen, K.J. (1985) ‘The social constructionist movement in modern psychology’. American Psychologist. 40(3). pp. 266–275. Griffin, D., P. Shaw, and R. Stacey (1999) ‘Knowing and acting in conditions of uncertainty: a complexity perspective’. Systemic Practice and Action Research. 12(3). pp. 295–309. GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit) (2008) Capacity Building in Local Communities: German-Indonesian Cooperation for Tsunami Early Warning System. Newsletter. 8 (October–December). http://www.gitews.org/index.php?id=35&L=1 (accessed on 14 June 2010). Handler Chayes, A., A. Chayes, and G. Raach (1997) ‘Beyond reform: restructuring for more effective conflict intervention’. Global Governance. 3(2). pp. 117–145. Handy, C. (1999) Understanding Organizations. Penguin, London. Heidhues, M.F. (1974) Southeast Asia’s Chinese Minorities. Longman, Melbourne. HFP (Humanitarian Futures Programme) (2007) Promoting the Dialogue between Scientists and Humanitarians. Humanitarian Futures Briefing Paper. September. http://www.humanitarianfutures.org/ publications/briefing-paper-promoting-dialogue-between-scientists-and-humanitarians/ (accessed on 29 April 2014). Hilhorst, D. and M. Serrano (2010) ‘The humanitarian arena in Angola 1975–2008’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 183–201. Hilhorst, D., D. Dijkzeul, and J. Herman (2010) ‘Editorial: social dynamics of humanitarian action’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 127–129. Hoon, C-Y. (2006) Reconceptualising Ethnic Chinese Identity in Post-Suharto Indonesia. PhD dissertation. University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA. Huppert, H.E. and S. Sparks (2006) ‘Extreme natural hazards: population growth, globalisation and environmental change’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 364(1845). pp. 1875–1888. Irwin, A. and M. Michael (2003) Science, Social Theory and Public Knowledge. Open University Press, Maidenhead. Jasanoff, S. (2004) ‘The idiom of co-production’. In S. Jasanoff (ed.) States of Knowledge: The Coproduction of Science and Social Order. Routledge, London. pp. 1–13. Jindal-Snape, D. and J.B. Snape (2006) ‘Motivation of scientists in a government research institute:scientists’ perceptions and the role of management’ Management Decision. 44(10). pp. 1325–1343. Johnston, A.T. (2009) ‘When scientists get involved in public policy’ BiomedicalEngineering Society Newsletter. 33(3). pp. 1, 4. Kennedy, D. (2008) The Dark Side of Virtue: Reassessing International Humanitarianism. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. Kinsella, W.J. (2002) ‘Problematizing the distinction between expert and lay knowledge’. New Jersey Journal of Communication. 10(2). pp. 191–207. Konca, A.O. et al. (2008) ‘Partial rupture of a locked patch of the Sumatra megathrust during the 2007 earthquake sequence’. Nature. 456. pp. 631–635. Lackey, R.T. (2007) ‘Science, scientists, and policy advocacy’. Conservation Biology. 21(1). pp. 12–17. McCloskey, J. et al. (2008) ‘Tsunami threat in the Indian Ocean from a future megathrust earthquake west of Sumatra’. Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 265. pp. 61–81. McCloskey, J. et al. (2010) ‘The September 2009 Padang earthquake’. Nature Geoscience. 3. pp. 70–71. McCue, K. (1999) ‘Seismic hazard mapping in Australia, the Southwest Pacific and Southeast Asia’. Annals of Geophysics. 42(6). pp. 1191–1198. Martin-Sempere, M.J., B. Garzon-Garcia, and J. Rey-Rocha (2008) ‘Scientists’ motivation to communicate science and technology to the public: surveying participants at the Madrid Science Fair’. Public Understanding of Science. 17(3). pp. 349–367. May, T. and B. Perry (2011) ‘Case study research’. In T. May (ed.) Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process. Fourth edition. Open University Press, Maidenhead. pp. 219–242. Meertens, D. (2010) ‘Forced displacement and women’s security in Colombia’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 147–164. Mercer, J., I. Kelman, L. Taranis, and S. Suchet-Pearson (2010) ‘Framework for integrating indigenous and scientific knowledge for disaster risk reduction’. Disasters. 34(1). pp. 214–239. Nalbant, S.S., S. Steacy, K. Sieh, D. Natawidjaja, and J, McCloskey (2005) ‘Earthquake risk on the Sunda Trench’. Nature. 435(9). pp. 756–757. Natawidjaja D.H. et al. (2006) ‘Source parameters of the great Sumatran megathrust earthquakes of 1797and 1833 inferred from coral microatolls’. Journal of Geophysical Research. 111(B6). doi:10.1029/2055JB004025. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2005JB004025/abstract (accessed on 29 April 2014). Ong, A. (2006) Neoliberalism as Exception: Mutations in Citizenship and Sovereignty. Duke University Press, London. Pelling, M. (2001) ‘Natural disasters?’. In N. Castree and B. Braun (eds.) Social Nature: Theory, Practice and Politics. Blackwell Publishers, Oxford. pp. 170–189. Pelling, M., C. High, J. Dearing, and D. Smith (2008) ‘Shadow spaces for social learning: a relational understanding of adaptive capacity to climate change within organizations’. Environment and Planning A. 40(4). pp. 867–884. Pelling, M. and K. Dill (2010) ‘Disaster politics: tipping points for change in the adaption of sociopolitical regimes’. Progress in Human Geography. 43(1). pp. 21–37. RCUK (Research Councils United Kingdom) (2009) Knowledge Transfer Portal. http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/ news/archive/2009/090225-n-launch-knowledge-transfer-portal.aspx (accessed on 11 October 2012). Red Cross (2007) Indonesia: Bengkulu Earthquake. Information Bulletin. 4. http://www.ifrc.org/docs/ appeals/rpts07/ideq031007-04.pdf (accessed on 1 June 2009). Richards, P. (2010) ‘Ritual dynamics in humanitarian assistance’. Disasters. 34(2). pp. 138–146. Rier, D.A. (2003) ‘Work setting, publication, and scientific responsibility’. Science Communication. 24(4). pp. 420–457. Schlurmann, T., W. Kongko, N. Goseberg, D.H. Natawidjaja, and K. Sieh (2010) ‘Near field tsunami hazard map Padang, West Sumatra: utilizing high resolution geospatial data and reasonable source scenarios’. Proceedings of the International Conference on Coastal Engineering Symposium. http://journals. tdl.org/ICCE/article/viewArticle/1100 (accessed on 22 September 2011). Shannon, R., M. Hope, and J. McCloskey (2011) ‘The Bengkulu premonition: cultural pluralism and hybridity in disaster risk reduction’. Area. 43(4). pp. 449–455. Spahn, H., M. Hoppe, H.D. Vidiarian, and B. Usdianto (2010) ‘Experience from three years of local capacity development for tsunami early warning in Indonesia: challenges, lessons and the way ahead’. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 10. pp. 1411–1429. Stein, S. and E.A. Okal (2005) ‘Speed and size of the Sumatra earthquake’. Nature. 434. pp. 581–582. Stockton, N. (1998) ‘In defence of humanitarianism’. Disasters. 22(4). Pp. 352–360. Strunz, G. et al. (2011) ‘Tsunami risk assessment in Indonesia’. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. 11. pp. 67–82. Sudaryo, K. et al. (2012) ‘Injury, disability and quality of life after the 2009 earthquake in Padang, Indonesia: a prospective cohort study of adult survivors’. Global Health Action. 5. pp. 1–11. Suryadinata, L., E.N. Arifin, and A. Ananta (2003) Indonesia’s Population. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore. Tan, E.K.B. (2001) ‘From sojourners to citizens: managing the ethnic Chinese minority in Indonesia and Malaysia’. Ethnic Racial Studies. 24(6). pp. 949–978. Taubenböck, H. et al. (2008) Multi-scale Assessment of Population Distribution Utilizing Remotely Sensed Data: The Case Study Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. International Conference on Tsunami Warning (ICTW), Bali, Indonesia, 12–14 November 2008. Weiss, T. and P. Hoffman (2007) ‘The fog of humanitarianism: collective action problems and learningchallenged organisations’. Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding. 1(1). pp. 47–65. Wenger, E. (2000) ‘Communities of practice and social learning systems’. Organization. 7(2). pp. 225–246. Wilby, R.L. (2010) ‘How climate science can effectively inform humanitarian and development planning and programmes—a climate scientist perspective’. Humanitarian Futures Programme. http:// www.humanitarianfutures.org/hfpubs/wilby (accessed on 1 November 2012). Williams, M. (2002) ‘Generalization in interpretative research’. In T. May (ed.) Qualitative Research in Action. Sage, London. pp. 125–143. Wisner, B., P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, and I. Davis (2004) At Risk: Natural Hazards, People’s Vulnerability and Disasters. Second edition. Routledge, London. Wynne, B. (1996) ‘May the sheep safely graze? A reflexive view of the expert-lay knowledge divide’. In S. Lash., S. Bronislaw, and B. Wynne (eds.) Risk, Environment and Modernity: Towards a New Ecology. Sage, London. pp. 44–82. Wynne, B. (2006) ‘Public engagement as a means of restoring public trust in science-hitting the notes but missing the music’. Community Genetics. 9(3). pp. 211–220. Yearley, S. (2005). Making Sense of Science: Understanding the Social Study of Science. Sage, London.

    PY - 2014/7/1

    Y1 - 2014/7/1

    N2 - This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science–humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science–humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and supportin relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science–humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue.

    AB - This paper contains a critical exploration of the social dimensions of the science–humanitarian relationship. Drawing on literature on the social role of science and on the social dimensions of humanitarian practice, it analyses a science–humanitarian partnership for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia, an area threatened by tsunamigenic earthquakes. The paper draws on findings from case study research that was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The case study illustrates the social processes that enabled and hindered collaboration between the two spheres, including the informal partnership of local people and scientists that led to the co-production of earthquake and tsunami DRR and limited organisational capacity and supportin relation to knowledge exchange. The paper reflects on the implications of these findings for science–humanitarian partnering in general, and it assesses the value of using a social dimensions approach to understand scientific and humanitarian dialogue.

    KW - case study approach

    KW - disaster risk reduction

    KW - geoscience

    KW - partnership

    KW - social dimensions

    KW - Sumatra

    M3 - Article

    VL - 38

    SP - 636

    EP - 653

    JO - Disasters

    T2 - Disasters

    JF - Disasters

    SN - 0361-3666

    IS - 3

    ER -

    Shannon R, Hope M, McCloskey J, Crowley D, Crichton P. Social dimensions of science–humanitarian collaboration: lessons from Padang, Sumatra, Indonesia. Disasters. 2014 Jul 1;38(3):636-653.