Sleep complaints and risk factors for excessive daytime sleepiness in adult males in Northern Ireland

AM Nugent, I Gleadhill, E McCrum, CC Patterson, A Evans, J MacMahon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The prevalence of sleep complaints in Northern Ireland is unknown. Sleep disruption can result in excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), with significant socioeconomic consequences. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sleep complaints and to determine risk factors for EDS in a Northern Irish community. From an urban and rural community of 499 111 people, a random sample of 3391 adult men were sent a questionnaire by mail. Questions were asked regarding sleep, EDS and medical history. There were 2364 completed questionnaires returned (response rate 70%). The mean age of respondents was 46.0 years (range 18-91 years). 26.7% of men were not satisfied with their usual night's sleep and 68% of men woke up at least once during the night. Based on pre-defined criteria, 24.6% of the population had insomnia and 19.8% had EDS. The strongest risk factor identified for EDS was a history of snoring loudly (odds ratio 2.62; 95% CI 1.82-3.77). Other risk factors included ankle swelling, feeling sad or depressed stopping sleep, experiencing vivid dreams while falling asleep, waking up feeling unrefreshed and age > 35 years. The prevalence rates of sleep complaints and EDS in this community-based study is high, although this does depend directly on the criteria used to define insomnia and EDS. Recognition of risk factors for EDS may help to identify and treat those affected.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages69-74
    JournalJournal of Sleep Research
    Volume10
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001

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    Northern Ireland
    Sleep
    Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
    Emotions
    Snoring
    Postal Service
    Rural Population
    Ankle
    Odds Ratio
    Population

    Cite this

    Nugent, AM., Gleadhill, I., McCrum, E., Patterson, CC., Evans, A., & MacMahon, J. (2001). Sleep complaints and risk factors for excessive daytime sleepiness in adult males in Northern Ireland. Journal of Sleep Research, 10(1), 69-74.
    Nugent, AM ; Gleadhill, I ; McCrum, E ; Patterson, CC ; Evans, A ; MacMahon, J. / Sleep complaints and risk factors for excessive daytime sleepiness in adult males in Northern Ireland. In: Journal of Sleep Research. 2001 ; Vol. 10, No. 1. pp. 69-74.
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    Nugent, AM, Gleadhill, I, McCrum, E, Patterson, CC, Evans, A & MacMahon, J 2001, 'Sleep complaints and risk factors for excessive daytime sleepiness in adult males in Northern Ireland', Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 69-74.

    Sleep complaints and risk factors for excessive daytime sleepiness in adult males in Northern Ireland. / Nugent, AM; Gleadhill, I; McCrum, E; Patterson, CC; Evans, A; MacMahon, J.

    In: Journal of Sleep Research, Vol. 10, No. 1, 03.2001, p. 69-74.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The prevalence of sleep complaints in Northern Ireland is unknown. Sleep disruption can result in excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), with significant socioeconomic consequences. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of sleep complaints and to determine risk factors for EDS in a Northern Irish community. From an urban and rural community of 499 111 people, a random sample of 3391 adult men were sent a questionnaire by mail. Questions were asked regarding sleep, EDS and medical history. There were 2364 completed questionnaires returned (response rate 70%). The mean age of respondents was 46.0 years (range 18-91 years). 26.7% of men were not satisfied with their usual night's sleep and 68% of men woke up at least once during the night. Based on pre-defined criteria, 24.6% of the population had insomnia and 19.8% had EDS. The strongest risk factor identified for EDS was a history of snoring loudly (odds ratio 2.62; 95% CI 1.82-3.77). Other risk factors included ankle swelling, feeling sad or depressed stopping sleep, experiencing vivid dreams while falling asleep, waking up feeling unrefreshed and age > 35 years. The prevalence rates of sleep complaints and EDS in this community-based study is high, although this does depend directly on the criteria used to define insomnia and EDS. Recognition of risk factors for EDS may help to identify and treat those affected.

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    Nugent AM, Gleadhill I, McCrum E, Patterson CC, Evans A, MacMahon J. Sleep complaints and risk factors for excessive daytime sleepiness in adult males in Northern Ireland. Journal of Sleep Research. 2001 Mar;10(1):69-74.