Simulation of thermal hazards from hydrogen under-expanded jet fire

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Thermal hazards from an under-expanded (900 bar) hydrogen jet fire have been numerically investigated. The simulation results have been compared with the flame length and radiative heat flux measured for the horizontal jet fire experiment conducted at INERIS. The release blowdown characteristics have been modelled using the volumetric source as an expanded implementation of the notional nozzle concept. The CFD study employs the realizable k-ε model for turbulence and the Eddy Dissipation Concept for combustion. Radiation has been taken into account through the Discrete Ordinates (DO) model. The results demonstrated good agreement with the experimental flame length. Performance of the model shall be improved to reproduce the radiative properties dynamics during the first stage of the release (time < 10 s), whereas, during the remaining blowdown time, the simulated radiative heat flux at five sensors followed the trend observed in the experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8886-8892
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number17
Early online date28 Sept 2018
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 2 Apr 2019


  • CFD
  • jet fire
  • high pressure
  • hydrogen safety
  • radiative heat transfer
  • under-expanded jet
  • Hydrogen safety
  • Jet fire
  • Radiative heat transfer
  • Under-expanded jet
  • High pressure


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