Self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with type 2 diabetes

Melba Sheila D'Souza, Subrahmanya Nairy Karkada, Kader Parahoo, Ramesh Venkatesaperumal, Susan Achora, Arcalyd Rose R Cayaban

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BackgroundType 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has an impact on an individuals' health and is influenced by glycemic control.AimTo examine the relationship between glycemic control, demographic and clinical factors on self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with T2DM.DesignA correlational, descriptive study was used. One hundred and forty Omani adults with T2DM were recruited from a public hospital.MethodsData on self-efficacy, self-care behaviours and glycemic control were collected between April and July 2016. The study was approved by the College Ethics Committee and Hospital Board. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted.ResultsMost adults had a fasting blood glucose > 7.2 mmol/L (90.7%), with the majority demonstrating ‘uncontrolled’ or poor HbA1c of > 8% (65%). Variance of self-care behaviour (20.6%) and 31.3% of the variance of the self-efficacy was explained by the age, duration of diabetes, medication, HbA1c and prevention of activities of living.ConclusionsAdults with T2DM with poor glycemic control were more probable to have poor self-efficacy and self-care behaviours. Glycemic control has an effect on improving diet, exercise, medication, foot care efficacy and behaviours.
LanguageEnglish
Pages25-32
JournalApplied Nursing Research
Volume36
Early online date22 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2017

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Self Care
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Clinical Ethics Committees
Behavior Control
Public Hospitals
Blood Glucose
Foot
Fasting
Diabetes Mellitus
Multivariate Analysis
Demography
Diet
Health

Keywords

  • Self-efficacy
  • Self-care behaviours
  • Glycemic control
  • Adults
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Nursing
  • Assessment

Cite this

D'Souza, M. S., Karkada, S. N., Parahoo, K., Venkatesaperumal, R., Achora, S., & Cayaban, A. R. R. (2017). Self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with type 2 diabetes. Applied Nursing Research, 36, 25-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2017.05.004
D'Souza, Melba Sheila ; Karkada, Subrahmanya Nairy ; Parahoo, Kader ; Venkatesaperumal, Ramesh ; Achora, Susan ; Cayaban, Arcalyd Rose R. / Self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with type 2 diabetes. In: Applied Nursing Research. 2017 ; Vol. 36. pp. 25-32.
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D'Souza, MS, Karkada, SN, Parahoo, K, Venkatesaperumal, R, Achora, S & Cayaban, ARR 2017, 'Self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with type 2 diabetes', Applied Nursing Research, vol. 36, pp. 25-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.2017.05.004

Self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with type 2 diabetes. / D'Souza, Melba Sheila; Karkada, Subrahmanya Nairy; Parahoo, Kader; Venkatesaperumal, Ramesh; Achora, Susan; Cayaban, Arcalyd Rose R.

In: Applied Nursing Research, Vol. 36, 08.2017, p. 25-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Karkada, Subrahmanya Nairy

AU - Parahoo, Kader

AU - Venkatesaperumal, Ramesh

AU - Achora, Susan

AU - Cayaban, Arcalyd Rose R

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N2 - BackgroundType 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) has an impact on an individuals' health and is influenced by glycemic control.AimTo examine the relationship between glycemic control, demographic and clinical factors on self-efficacy and self-care behaviours among adults with T2DM.DesignA correlational, descriptive study was used. One hundred and forty Omani adults with T2DM were recruited from a public hospital.MethodsData on self-efficacy, self-care behaviours and glycemic control were collected between April and July 2016. The study was approved by the College Ethics Committee and Hospital Board. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted.ResultsMost adults had a fasting blood glucose > 7.2 mmol/L (90.7%), with the majority demonstrating ‘uncontrolled’ or poor HbA1c of > 8% (65%). Variance of self-care behaviour (20.6%) and 31.3% of the variance of the self-efficacy was explained by the age, duration of diabetes, medication, HbA1c and prevention of activities of living.ConclusionsAdults with T2DM with poor glycemic control were more probable to have poor self-efficacy and self-care behaviours. Glycemic control has an effect on improving diet, exercise, medication, foot care efficacy and behaviours.

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