Selective multi-descriptor fusion for face identification

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Abstract

Over the last 2 decades, face identification has been an active field of research in computer vision. As an important class of image representation methods for face identification, fused descriptor-based methods are known to lack sufficient discriminant information, especially when compared with deep learning-based methods. This paper presents a new face representation method, multi-descriptor fusion (MDF), which represents face images through a combination of multiple descriptors, resulting in hyper-high dimensional fused descriptor features. MDF enables excellent performance in face identification, exceeding the state-of-the-art, but it comes with high memory and computational costs. As a solution to the high cost problem, this paper also presents an optimisation method, discriminant ability-based multi-descriptor selection (DAMS), to select a subset of descriptors from the set of 65 initial descriptors whilst maximising the discriminant ability. The MDF face representation, after being refined by DAMS, is named selective multi-descriptor fusion (SMDF). Compared with MDF, SMDF has much smaller feature dimension and is thus usable on an ordinary PC, but still has similar performance. Various experiments are conducted on the CAS-PEAL-R1 and LFW datasets to demonstrate the performance of the proposed methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3417-3429
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Machine Learning and Cybernetics
Volume10
Issue number12
Early online date15 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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Keywords

  • Face identification
  • Face recognition
  • Feature extraction
  • Feature selection
  • Objective optimisation

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