Securing the Olympics: at what price?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study considers the ever-increasing preoccupation those countries hosting megasportsevents have with implementing security and counter-terrorism measures and the consequences of this upon the civil liberties of their citizens. From the seminal, andundoubtedly tragic, events of the Munich Olympics in 1972 until the most recentterrorist attack witnessed at a major sporting event – that which marred the close of theBoston marathon held in April 2013 – this piece reflects upon the full extent of theimpact that counter-terrorism measures have had upon the activities of wider society,including the creation of an abnormal host environment prior to and during the sportingspectacle, not to mention its legacy long after the event in question has moved on to itsnext destination. It suggests that there is a very real danger that mega-sports eventscreate a convenient context within which the impositions of security measures, whichare only marginally justifiable in the context of the event in question, continue to beunquestioningly implemented.
LanguageEnglish
JournalSport in Society
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Sep 2012

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event
terrorism
major event
Sports
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Keywords

  • Sport
  • Security
  • Terrorism
  • Olympics

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@article{eec25c1df29340a29660b8b7896498c9,
title = "Securing the Olympics: at what price?",
abstract = "This study considers the ever-increasing preoccupation those countries hosting megasportsevents have with implementing security and counter-terrorism measures and the consequences of this upon the civil liberties of their citizens. From the seminal, andundoubtedly tragic, events of the Munich Olympics in 1972 until the most recentterrorist attack witnessed at a major sporting event – that which marred the close of theBoston marathon held in April 2013 – this piece reflects upon the full extent of theimpact that counter-terrorism measures have had upon the activities of wider society,including the creation of an abnormal host environment prior to and during the sportingspectacle, not to mention its legacy long after the event in question has moved on to itsnext destination. It suggests that there is a very real danger that mega-sports eventscreate a convenient context within which the impositions of security measures, whichare only marginally justifiable in the context of the event in question, continue to beunquestioningly implemented.",
keywords = "Sport, Security, Terrorism, Olympics",
author = "David Hassan",
note = "Reference text: Agamben, G. State of Exception. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2005. Atkinson, M., and K. Young. ‘Shadowed by the Corpse of War: Sport Spectacles and the Spirit of Terrorism’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47, no. 3 (2012): 286 – 306. Bairner, A. ‘Soccer, Masculinity, and Violence in Northern Ireland: Between Hooliganism and Terrorism’. Men and Masculinities 3 (1999): 284– 301. Baker, T. ‘Terrorism: A Foreseeable Threat to U.S. Sport Facility Owners and Operators’. In Issues in Contemporary Athletics, ed. J. Humphrey, 101 – 12. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2007. Bale, J. ‘Virtual Fandoms: Futurescapes of Football’. In Fanatics: Power, ed. A. Brown. 1998. Beck, U. World Risk Society. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1999. Boyle, P., and K.D. Haggerty. ‘Spectacular Security: Mega-events and the Security Complex’. Political Sociology 3 (2009): 257– 74. Coaffee, J. ‘Strategic Security Planning and the Resilient Design of Olympic Sites’. In Terrorism and the Olympics: Major Event Security and Lessons for the Future, ed. A. Richards, P. Fussey and A. Silke, 23 – 37. London: Routledge, 2010. Falcous, M., and M. Silk. ‘Olympic Bidding, Multicultural Nationalism, Terror, and the Epistemological Violence of “Making Britain Proud”’. Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 10 (2010): 167– 86. Fussey, P., and J. Coaffee. ‘Balancing Local and Global Security Leitmotifs: Counter-terrorism and the Spectacle of Sporting Mega-events’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47 (2012): 268– 85. Giulianotti, R., and F. Klauser. ‘Sport Mega-events and “Terrorism”: A Critical Analysis’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47, no. 3 (2012): 307– 23. Haggerty, K., and R. Ericson. ‘The Surveillant Assemblage’. British Journal of Sociology 51, no. 4 (2000): 605 – 22. Hassan, David, and Philip O’Kane. ‘Terrorism and the Abnormality of Sport in Northern Ireland’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47, no. 3 (2012): 397– 413. Jackson, R. ‘The Core Commitments of Critical Terrorism Studies’. European Political Science 6, no. 3 (2007): 244 – 51. Jackson, R., Smyth, M.B., and Gunning, J., eds. Critical Terrorism Studies: A New Research Agenda. London: Routledge, 2009. Jennings, A. Foul! The Secret World of FIFA: Bribes, Vote Rigging and Ticket Scandals. London: Harper Sport, 2006. Lyon, D. ‘Surveillance, Power and Everyday Life’. In Oxford Handbook of Information and Communication Technologies, ed. R. Mansell, C. Avgerou, D. Quah and R. Silverstone, 114 – 27. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007. Palmer, C. ‘Outside the Imagined Community: Basque Terrorism, Political Activism, and the Tour de France’. Sociology of Sport Journal 18 (2001): 143– 61. Richards, A. ‘Terrorism, the Olympics and Sport: Recent Events and Concerns for the Future’. In Terrorism and the Olympics: Major Event Security and Lessons for the Future, ed. A. Richards, P. Fussey and A. Silke. London: Routledge, 2010. Schimmel, K. ‘Deep Play: Major Sports and Urban Social Conditions in the USA’. Sociological Review 54, no. 2 (2006): 160– 74. Schimmel, K. ‘Protecting the NFL/Militarizing the Homeland: Citizen Soldiers and Urban Resilience in Post-9/11 America’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47 (2012): 338 – 57. Sugden, J. ‘Watched by the Games: Surveillance and Security at the Olympics’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47, no. 3 (2012): 414 – 29. Taylor, T., and K. Toohey. ‘Impacts of Terrorism-Related Safety and Security Measures at a Major Sport Event’. Event Management 9 (2006): 199– 209. Toohey, K. ‘Terrorism, Sport and Public Policy in the Risk Society’. Sport in Society 11 (2006): 429 – 42. Toohey, K., and T. Taylor. ‘Mega Events, Fear, and Risk: Terrorism at the Olympic Games’. Journal of Sport Management 22 (2008): 451– 69. Toohey, K.M., and T.L. Taylor. ‘Surveillance and Securitization: A Forgotten Sydney Olympic Legacy’. International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47, no. 3 (2012): 324 – 37. Toohey, K., T. Taylor, and C. Lee. ‘The FIFA World Cup 2002: The Effects of Terrorism on Sports Tourists’. Journal of Sports Tourism 8 (2003): 186– 96.",
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Securing the Olympics: at what price? / Hassan, David.

In: Sport in Society, Vol. 16, 11.09.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - This study considers the ever-increasing preoccupation those countries hosting megasportsevents have with implementing security and counter-terrorism measures and the consequences of this upon the civil liberties of their citizens. From the seminal, andundoubtedly tragic, events of the Munich Olympics in 1972 until the most recentterrorist attack witnessed at a major sporting event – that which marred the close of theBoston marathon held in April 2013 – this piece reflects upon the full extent of theimpact that counter-terrorism measures have had upon the activities of wider society,including the creation of an abnormal host environment prior to and during the sportingspectacle, not to mention its legacy long after the event in question has moved on to itsnext destination. It suggests that there is a very real danger that mega-sports eventscreate a convenient context within which the impositions of security measures, whichare only marginally justifiable in the context of the event in question, continue to beunquestioningly implemented.

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