Seaweed and human health

Emma Brown, Philip Allsopp, Pamela Magee, Chris Gill, Sonja Nitecki, Conall Strain, Emeir M. Duffy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

116 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Seaweeds may have an important role in modulating chronic disease. Rich in unique bioactive compounds not present in terrestrial food sources, including different proteins (lectins, phycobiliproteins, peptides, and amino acids), polyphenols, and polysaccharides, seaweeds are a novel source of compounds with potential to be exploited in human health applications. Purported benefits include antiviral, anticancer, and anticoagulant properties as well as the ability to modulate gut health and risk factors for obesity and diabetes. Though the majority of studies have been performed in cell and animal models, there is evidence of the beneficial effect of seaweed and seaweed components on markers of human health and disease status. This review is the first to critically evaluate these human studies, aiming to draw attention to gaps in current knowledge, which will aid the planning and implementation of future studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-216
JournalNutrition Reviews
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2014

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