Salivary cortisol, stress and mood in healthy older adults: The Zenith study

Ellen EA Simpson, Christopher McConville, Gordon Rae, JM O'Connor, Barbara J Stewart-Knox, Charles Coudray, JJ Strain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between salivary cortisol, stress and mood and to look at the circadian rhythms of positive (PA) and negative (NA) mood in older adults. The participants were 41 healthy adults aged 55-69 years, recruited in Northern Ireland as part of the European Commission-funded Zenith project. Salivary cortisol samples were obtained twice a day (2.30 p.m. and 10.30 p.m.) for 7 consecutive days in conjunction with momentary measures of positive (PA) and negative mood (NA), using PANAS and a trait measure of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Salivary cortisol levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay kit. Higher perceived stress levels were associated with lower afternoon PA (r = -0.46, p = 0.003) and higher afternoon (r = 0.43, p = 0.007) and evening (r = 0.45, p = 0.004) NA. Lower afternoon PA was correlated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = -0.47, p = 0.002). Greater afternoon PA variability was associated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = 0.38, p = 0.015). A high intra-class correlation between cortisol and positive mood was found (r = 0.67, p = 0.009). Previously established rhythms for positive and negative mood were confirmed. Interestingly, there was no association between salivary cortisol levels and perceived stress in these healthy older adults. Further, more extensive research is required to better understand the apparent interplay between these variables and ageing. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-9
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2008

Fingerprint

Hydrocortisone
Northern Ireland
Circadian Rhythm
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Research

Cite this

Simpson, Ellen EA ; McConville, Christopher ; Rae, Gordon ; O'Connor, JM ; Stewart-Knox, Barbara J ; Coudray, Charles ; Strain, JJ. / Salivary cortisol, stress and mood in healthy older adults: The Zenith study. 2008 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 1-9.
@article{4ae06aff688d41dfb5ce32d1c3897253,
title = "Salivary cortisol, stress and mood in healthy older adults: The Zenith study",
abstract = "The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between salivary cortisol, stress and mood and to look at the circadian rhythms of positive (PA) and negative (NA) mood in older adults. The participants were 41 healthy adults aged 55-69 years, recruited in Northern Ireland as part of the European Commission-funded Zenith project. Salivary cortisol samples were obtained twice a day (2.30 p.m. and 10.30 p.m.) for 7 consecutive days in conjunction with momentary measures of positive (PA) and negative mood (NA), using PANAS and a trait measure of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Salivary cortisol levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay kit. Higher perceived stress levels were associated with lower afternoon PA (r = -0.46, p = 0.003) and higher afternoon (r = 0.43, p = 0.007) and evening (r = 0.45, p = 0.004) NA. Lower afternoon PA was correlated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = -0.47, p = 0.002). Greater afternoon PA variability was associated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = 0.38, p = 0.015). A high intra-class correlation between cortisol and positive mood was found (r = 0.67, p = 0.009). Previously established rhythms for positive and negative mood were confirmed. Interestingly, there was no association between salivary cortisol levels and perceived stress in these healthy older adults. Further, more extensive research is required to better understand the apparent interplay between these variables and ageing. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
author = "Simpson, {Ellen EA} and Christopher McConville and Gordon Rae and JM O'Connor and Stewart-Knox, {Barbara J} and Charles Coudray and JJ Strain",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.12.001",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "1--9",
number = "1",

}

Salivary cortisol, stress and mood in healthy older adults: The Zenith study. / Simpson, Ellen EA; McConville, Christopher; Rae, Gordon; O'Connor, JM; Stewart-Knox, Barbara J; Coudray, Charles; Strain, JJ.

Vol. 78, No. 1, 04.2008, p. 1-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Salivary cortisol, stress and mood in healthy older adults: The Zenith study

AU - Simpson, Ellen EA

AU - McConville, Christopher

AU - Rae, Gordon

AU - O'Connor, JM

AU - Stewart-Knox, Barbara J

AU - Coudray, Charles

AU - Strain, JJ

PY - 2008/4

Y1 - 2008/4

N2 - The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between salivary cortisol, stress and mood and to look at the circadian rhythms of positive (PA) and negative (NA) mood in older adults. The participants were 41 healthy adults aged 55-69 years, recruited in Northern Ireland as part of the European Commission-funded Zenith project. Salivary cortisol samples were obtained twice a day (2.30 p.m. and 10.30 p.m.) for 7 consecutive days in conjunction with momentary measures of positive (PA) and negative mood (NA), using PANAS and a trait measure of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Salivary cortisol levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay kit. Higher perceived stress levels were associated with lower afternoon PA (r = -0.46, p = 0.003) and higher afternoon (r = 0.43, p = 0.007) and evening (r = 0.45, p = 0.004) NA. Lower afternoon PA was correlated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = -0.47, p = 0.002). Greater afternoon PA variability was associated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = 0.38, p = 0.015). A high intra-class correlation between cortisol and positive mood was found (r = 0.67, p = 0.009). Previously established rhythms for positive and negative mood were confirmed. Interestingly, there was no association between salivary cortisol levels and perceived stress in these healthy older adults. Further, more extensive research is required to better understand the apparent interplay between these variables and ageing. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between salivary cortisol, stress and mood and to look at the circadian rhythms of positive (PA) and negative (NA) mood in older adults. The participants were 41 healthy adults aged 55-69 years, recruited in Northern Ireland as part of the European Commission-funded Zenith project. Salivary cortisol samples were obtained twice a day (2.30 p.m. and 10.30 p.m.) for 7 consecutive days in conjunction with momentary measures of positive (PA) and negative mood (NA), using PANAS and a trait measure of perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale). Salivary cortisol levels were measured using an enzyme-linked immunoassay kit. Higher perceived stress levels were associated with lower afternoon PA (r = -0.46, p = 0.003) and higher afternoon (r = 0.43, p = 0.007) and evening (r = 0.45, p = 0.004) NA. Lower afternoon PA was correlated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = -0.47, p = 0.002). Greater afternoon PA variability was associated with higher evening cortisol concentrations (r = 0.38, p = 0.015). A high intra-class correlation between cortisol and positive mood was found (r = 0.67, p = 0.009). Previously established rhythms for positive and negative mood were confirmed. Interestingly, there was no association between salivary cortisol levels and perceived stress in these healthy older adults. Further, more extensive research is required to better understand the apparent interplay between these variables and ageing. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.12.001

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.12.001

M3 - Article

VL - 78

SP - 1

EP - 9

IS - 1

ER -