Safety of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food for extended uses pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283

D Turck, J Castenmiller, S De Henauw, K Hirsch‐Ernst, J Kearney, A Maciuk, I Mangelsdorf, H McArdle, A Naska, C Pelaez, K. Pentieva, A Siani, F Thies, S Tsabouri, M Vinceti, F Cubadda, KH Engel, T Frenzel, M Heinonen, R Marchelli & 10 others M Neuhauser-Berthold, A Poting, M Poulsen, Y Sanz, JR Schlatter, H van Loveren, W Gelbmann, L Matijevic, P Romero, H Knutsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on overall safety assessment for chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 in the light of the increasing dietary intake from the growing number of authorised uses in recent years. The safety assessment of this NF is based on data supplied in seven applications, previous safety assessments of chia seeds and information retrieved from an extensive literature search done by EFSA. Since none of the applications addressed the possible formation of process contaminants, the present assessment is limited to those proposed extended uses which do not raise safety concerns regarding the formation of such contaminants. These include the use of whole and ground chia seeds added to chocolate, fruit spreads, fruit desserts, mixed fruit with coconut milk in twin pot, fruit-preparations to underlay a dairy product, fruit-preparations to be mixed with dairy products, confectionary (excluding chewing gums), dairy products and analogues, edible ices, fruit and vegetables products, non-alcoholic beverages and compotes from fruit and/or vegetables and/or with cereals. In addition, this assessment also concerns uses of chia seeds without specific restrictions and precautions regarding their use levels in other foods which usually do not include heat treatment during processing and cooking. Apart from allergenicity, the Panel did not identify any hazard which causes safety concerns. Lacking the basis and need to establish safe maximum intake levels for chia seeds, no exposure assessment was conducted. The Panel concludes that chia seeds are safe under the assessed conditions of use.

LanguageEnglish
Article numbere05657
Number of pages17
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Salvia hispanica
Salvia
novel foods
Fruit
Seeds
Safety
Food
fruits
safety assessment
Dairy Products
seeds
dairy products
chewing gum
coconut milk
vegetable products
allergenicity
exposure assessment
Chewing Gum
desserts
chocolate

Keywords

  • chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.)
  • extensions of use
  • novel food
  • safety

Cite this

Turck, D., Castenmiller, J., De Henauw, S., Hirsch‐Ernst, K., Kearney, J., Maciuk, A., ... Knutsen, H. (2019). Safety of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food for extended uses pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. EFSA Journal, 17(4), [e05657]. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5657
Turck, D ; Castenmiller, J ; De Henauw, S ; Hirsch‐Ernst, K ; Kearney, J ; Maciuk, A ; Mangelsdorf, I ; McArdle, H ; Naska, A ; Pelaez, C ; Pentieva, K. ; Siani, A ; Thies, F ; Tsabouri, S ; Vinceti, M ; Cubadda, F ; Engel, KH ; Frenzel, T ; Heinonen, M ; Marchelli, R ; Neuhauser-Berthold, M ; Poting, A ; Poulsen, M ; Sanz, Y ; Schlatter, JR ; van Loveren, H ; Gelbmann, W ; Matijevic, L ; Romero, P ; Knutsen, H. / Safety of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food for extended uses pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. In: EFSA Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 17, No. 4.
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abstract = "Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on overall safety assessment for chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 in the light of the increasing dietary intake from the growing number of authorised uses in recent years. The safety assessment of this NF is based on data supplied in seven applications, previous safety assessments of chia seeds and information retrieved from an extensive literature search done by EFSA. Since none of the applications addressed the possible formation of process contaminants, the present assessment is limited to those proposed extended uses which do not raise safety concerns regarding the formation of such contaminants. These include the use of whole and ground chia seeds added to chocolate, fruit spreads, fruit desserts, mixed fruit with coconut milk in twin pot, fruit-preparations to underlay a dairy product, fruit-preparations to be mixed with dairy products, confectionary (excluding chewing gums), dairy products and analogues, edible ices, fruit and vegetables products, non-alcoholic beverages and compotes from fruit and/or vegetables and/or with cereals. In addition, this assessment also concerns uses of chia seeds without specific restrictions and precautions regarding their use levels in other foods which usually do not include heat treatment during processing and cooking. Apart from allergenicity, the Panel did not identify any hazard which causes safety concerns. Lacking the basis and need to establish safe maximum intake levels for chia seeds, no exposure assessment was conducted. The Panel concludes that chia seeds are safe under the assessed conditions of use.",
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Turck, D, Castenmiller, J, De Henauw, S, Hirsch‐Ernst, K, Kearney, J, Maciuk, A, Mangelsdorf, I, McArdle, H, Naska, A, Pelaez, C, Pentieva, K, Siani, A, Thies, F, Tsabouri, S, Vinceti, M, Cubadda, F, Engel, KH, Frenzel, T, Heinonen, M, Marchelli, R, Neuhauser-Berthold, M, Poting, A, Poulsen, M, Sanz, Y, Schlatter, JR, van Loveren, H, Gelbmann, W, Matijevic, L, Romero, P & Knutsen, H 2019, 'Safety of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food for extended uses pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283', EFSA Journal, vol. 17, no. 4, e05657. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5657

Safety of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food for extended uses pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. / Turck, D; Castenmiller, J; De Henauw, S; Hirsch‐Ernst, K; Kearney, J; Maciuk, A; Mangelsdorf, I; McArdle, H; Naska, A; Pelaez, C; Pentieva, K.; Siani, A; Thies, F; Tsabouri, S; Vinceti, M; Cubadda, F; Engel, KH; Frenzel, T; Heinonen, M; Marchelli, R; Neuhauser-Berthold, M; Poting, A; Poulsen, M; Sanz, Y; Schlatter, JR; van Loveren, H; Gelbmann, W; Matijevic, L; Romero, P; Knutsen, H.

In: EFSA Journal, Vol. 17, No. 4, e05657, 17.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Turck, D

AU - Castenmiller, J

AU - De Henauw, S

AU - Hirsch‐Ernst, K

AU - Kearney, J

AU - Maciuk, A

AU - Mangelsdorf, I

AU - McArdle, H

AU - Naska, A

AU - Pelaez, C

AU - Pentieva, K.

AU - Siani, A

AU - Thies, F

AU - Tsabouri, S

AU - Vinceti, M

AU - Cubadda, F

AU - Engel, KH

AU - Frenzel, T

AU - Heinonen, M

AU - Marchelli, R

AU - Neuhauser-Berthold, M

AU - Poting, A

AU - Poulsen, M

AU - Sanz, Y

AU - Schlatter, JR

AU - van Loveren, H

AU - Gelbmann, W

AU - Matijevic, L

AU - Romero, P

AU - Knutsen, H

PY - 2019/4/17

Y1 - 2019/4/17

N2 - Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on overall safety assessment for chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 in the light of the increasing dietary intake from the growing number of authorised uses in recent years. The safety assessment of this NF is based on data supplied in seven applications, previous safety assessments of chia seeds and information retrieved from an extensive literature search done by EFSA. Since none of the applications addressed the possible formation of process contaminants, the present assessment is limited to those proposed extended uses which do not raise safety concerns regarding the formation of such contaminants. These include the use of whole and ground chia seeds added to chocolate, fruit spreads, fruit desserts, mixed fruit with coconut milk in twin pot, fruit-preparations to underlay a dairy product, fruit-preparations to be mixed with dairy products, confectionary (excluding chewing gums), dairy products and analogues, edible ices, fruit and vegetables products, non-alcoholic beverages and compotes from fruit and/or vegetables and/or with cereals. In addition, this assessment also concerns uses of chia seeds without specific restrictions and precautions regarding their use levels in other foods which usually do not include heat treatment during processing and cooking. Apart from allergenicity, the Panel did not identify any hazard which causes safety concerns. Lacking the basis and need to establish safe maximum intake levels for chia seeds, no exposure assessment was conducted. The Panel concludes that chia seeds are safe under the assessed conditions of use.

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Turck D, Castenmiller J, De Henauw S, Hirsch‐Ernst K, Kearney J, Maciuk A et al. Safety of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) as a novel food for extended uses pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. EFSA Journal. 2019 Apr 17;17(4). e05657. https://doi.org/10.2903/j.efsa.2019.5657