RYGB surgery has modest effects on intestinal morphology and gut hormone populations in the bypassed biliopancreatic limb but causes reciprocal changes in GLP-2 and PYY in the alimentary limb

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Abstract

Roux-en-Y gastric-bypass (RYGB) induced alterations in intestinal morphology and gut-cell hormone expression profile in the bypassed biliopancreatic-limb (BPL) versus the alimentary-limbs (AL) are poorly characterised. This pilot study has therefore explored effects following RYGB in high-fat-diet (HFD) and normal-diet (ND) rats. Female Wistar rats (4-week-old) were fed HFD or ND for 23-weeks prior to RYGB or sham surgeries. Immunohistochemical analysis of excised tissue was conducted three-weeks post-surgery. After RYGB, intestinal morphology of the BPL in both HFD and ND groups was unchanged with exception of a small decrease in villi width in the ND-RYGB and crypt depth in the HFD-RYGB group. However, in the AL, villi width was decreased in ND-RYGB rats but increased in the HFD-RYGB group. In addition, crypt depth decreased after RYGB in the AL of HFD rats. GIP positive cells in either limb of both groups of rats were unchanged by RYGB. Similarly, there was little change in GLP-1 positive cells, apart from a small decrease of numbers in the villi of the BPL in HFD rats. RYGB increased GLP-2 cell numbers in the AL of ND-RYGB rats, including in both crypts and villi. This was associated with decreased numbers of cells expressing PYY in the AL of ND-RYGB rats. The BPL appears to maintain normal morphology and unchanged enteroendocrine cell populations despite being bypassed in RYGB-surgery. In contrast, in the AL, villi area is generally enhanced post-RYGB in ND rats with increased numbers of GLP-2 positive cells and decreased expression of PYY.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0286062
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume18
Issue number5
Early online date25 May 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished online - 25 May 2023

Bibliographical note

Copyright: © 2023 Sridhar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Keywords

  • Rats
  • Female
  • Animals
  • Pilot Projects
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Gastric Bypass
  • Gastrointestinal Hormones
  • Glucagon-Like Peptide 2

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