Role of graphene/metal oxide composites as photocatalysts, adsorbents and disinfectants in water treatment: A review

Ravi Kant Upadhyay, Navneet Soin, Susanta Sinha Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

306 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With a rapidly growing population, development of new materials, techniques and devices which can provide safe potable water continues to be one of the major research emphases of the scientific community. While the development of new metal oxide catalysts is progressing, albeit at a slower pace, the concurrent and rapid development of high surface area catalyst supports such as graphene and its functionalised derivatives has provided unprecedented promise in the development of multifunctional catalysts. Recent works have shown that metal oxide/graphene composites can perform multiple roles including (but not limited to): photocatalysts, adsorbents and antimicrobial agents making them an effective agent against all major water pollutants including organic molecules, heavy metal ions and water borne pathogens, respectively. This article presents a comprehensive review on the application of metal oxide/graphene composites in water treatment and their role as photocatalyst, adsorbent and disinfectant in water remediation. Through this review, we discuss the current state of the art in metal oxide/graphene composites for water purification and also provide a comprehensive analysis of the nature of interaction of these composites with various types of pollutants which dictates their photocatalytic, adsorptive and antimicrobial activities. The review concludes with a summary on the role of graphene based materials in removal of pollutants from water and some proposed strategies for designing of highly efficient multifunctional metal oxide/graphene composites for water remediation. A brief perspective on the challenges and new directions in the area is also provided for researchers interested in designing advanced water treatment strategies using graphene based advanced materials.

LanguageEnglish
Pages3823-3851
Number of pages29
JournalRSC Advances
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 13 Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Disinfectants
Graphite
Photocatalysts
Water treatment
Adsorbents
Oxides
Graphene
Metals
Composite materials
Water Pollutants
Water
Remediation
Antimicrobial agents
Catalysts
Organic pollutants
Pathogens
Heavy Metals
Anti-Infective Agents
Heavy ions
Catalyst supports

Cite this

@article{2cf5a7e2d81149bcb91e065b5cbab78c,
title = "Role of graphene/metal oxide composites as photocatalysts, adsorbents and disinfectants in water treatment: A review",
abstract = "With a rapidly growing population, development of new materials, techniques and devices which can provide safe potable water continues to be one of the major research emphases of the scientific community. While the development of new metal oxide catalysts is progressing, albeit at a slower pace, the concurrent and rapid development of high surface area catalyst supports such as graphene and its functionalised derivatives has provided unprecedented promise in the development of multifunctional catalysts. Recent works have shown that metal oxide/graphene composites can perform multiple roles including (but not limited to): photocatalysts, adsorbents and antimicrobial agents making them an effective agent against all major water pollutants including organic molecules, heavy metal ions and water borne pathogens, respectively. This article presents a comprehensive review on the application of metal oxide/graphene composites in water treatment and their role as photocatalyst, adsorbent and disinfectant in water remediation. Through this review, we discuss the current state of the art in metal oxide/graphene composites for water purification and also provide a comprehensive analysis of the nature of interaction of these composites with various types of pollutants which dictates their photocatalytic, adsorptive and antimicrobial activities. The review concludes with a summary on the role of graphene based materials in removal of pollutants from water and some proposed strategies for designing of highly efficient multifunctional metal oxide/graphene composites for water remediation. A brief perspective on the challenges and new directions in the area is also provided for researchers interested in designing advanced water treatment strategies using graphene based advanced materials.",
author = "Upadhyay, {Ravi Kant} and Navneet Soin and Roy, {Susanta Sinha}",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1039/c3ra45013a",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "3823--3851",
journal = "RSC Advances",
issn = "2046-2069",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "8",

}

Role of graphene/metal oxide composites as photocatalysts, adsorbents and disinfectants in water treatment : A review. / Upadhyay, Ravi Kant; Soin, Navneet; Roy, Susanta Sinha.

In: RSC Advances, Vol. 4, No. 8, 13.11.2013, p. 3823-3851.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Role of graphene/metal oxide composites as photocatalysts, adsorbents and disinfectants in water treatment

T2 - RSC Advances

AU - Upadhyay, Ravi Kant

AU - Soin, Navneet

AU - Roy, Susanta Sinha

PY - 2013/11/13

Y1 - 2013/11/13

N2 - With a rapidly growing population, development of new materials, techniques and devices which can provide safe potable water continues to be one of the major research emphases of the scientific community. While the development of new metal oxide catalysts is progressing, albeit at a slower pace, the concurrent and rapid development of high surface area catalyst supports such as graphene and its functionalised derivatives has provided unprecedented promise in the development of multifunctional catalysts. Recent works have shown that metal oxide/graphene composites can perform multiple roles including (but not limited to): photocatalysts, adsorbents and antimicrobial agents making them an effective agent against all major water pollutants including organic molecules, heavy metal ions and water borne pathogens, respectively. This article presents a comprehensive review on the application of metal oxide/graphene composites in water treatment and their role as photocatalyst, adsorbent and disinfectant in water remediation. Through this review, we discuss the current state of the art in metal oxide/graphene composites for water purification and also provide a comprehensive analysis of the nature of interaction of these composites with various types of pollutants which dictates their photocatalytic, adsorptive and antimicrobial activities. The review concludes with a summary on the role of graphene based materials in removal of pollutants from water and some proposed strategies for designing of highly efficient multifunctional metal oxide/graphene composites for water remediation. A brief perspective on the challenges and new directions in the area is also provided for researchers interested in designing advanced water treatment strategies using graphene based advanced materials.

AB - With a rapidly growing population, development of new materials, techniques and devices which can provide safe potable water continues to be one of the major research emphases of the scientific community. While the development of new metal oxide catalysts is progressing, albeit at a slower pace, the concurrent and rapid development of high surface area catalyst supports such as graphene and its functionalised derivatives has provided unprecedented promise in the development of multifunctional catalysts. Recent works have shown that metal oxide/graphene composites can perform multiple roles including (but not limited to): photocatalysts, adsorbents and antimicrobial agents making them an effective agent against all major water pollutants including organic molecules, heavy metal ions and water borne pathogens, respectively. This article presents a comprehensive review on the application of metal oxide/graphene composites in water treatment and their role as photocatalyst, adsorbent and disinfectant in water remediation. Through this review, we discuss the current state of the art in metal oxide/graphene composites for water purification and also provide a comprehensive analysis of the nature of interaction of these composites with various types of pollutants which dictates their photocatalytic, adsorptive and antimicrobial activities. The review concludes with a summary on the role of graphene based materials in removal of pollutants from water and some proposed strategies for designing of highly efficient multifunctional metal oxide/graphene composites for water remediation. A brief perspective on the challenges and new directions in the area is also provided for researchers interested in designing advanced water treatment strategies using graphene based advanced materials.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890832891&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1039/c3ra45013a

DO - 10.1039/c3ra45013a

M3 - Review article

VL - 4

SP - 3823

EP - 3851

JO - RSC Advances

JF - RSC Advances

SN - 2046-2069

IS - 8

ER -