Risk factors associated with experienced stigma among people diagnosed with mental ill-health: a cross-sectional study

C. Nugent, M. Rosato, L. Hughes, G. Leavey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: to examine the relationship between religiosity, social support, trauma, quality of life and experienced stigma of mental illness amongst a population diagnosed with mental ill-health.

METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of day service users in Northern Ireland (n = 295) covering a range of issues including religiosity, social support, quality of life and prior experience of trauma. Stigma was measured using a recognised stigma scale. We used multinomial logistic regression to examine risk factors associated with experienced stigma.

RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed significant associations between stigma and age, number of friends, social support, quality of life and prior experience of trauma. Age, quality of life, and trauma remained independently associated with stigma in a multivariate logistic regression model (x 2(12) = 98.40, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: Younger people, those with less social support, prior experience of trauma and with poorer quality of life are at increased risk of experiencing stigma related to their diagnosis of mental illness. The findings provide further understanding of stigma and are useful for those overseeing programmes to improve access to mental health treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-643
Number of pages11
JournalPsychiatric Quarterly
Volume92
Issue number2
Early online date28 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Mental illness
  • Quality of Life
  • Religiosity
  • Social Support
  • Stigma
  • Trauma

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