Response of Asymmetric Slim Floor Beams in Parametric-Fires

Naveed Alam, A Nadjai, Chrysanthos Maraveas, Konstantinos Tsarvdaridis, FA Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

State-of-the-art slim floor systems are a newest addition to the composite construction industry and several types are currently being used for building and construction purposes. Asymmetric slim floor beams are a type of slim floor systems which consist of a rolled section with a larger bottom flange. The larger bottom flange induces asymmetry and offers an efficient use of the material strength as a composite beam. It also offers a larger area to support the steel decking and pre-cast slab units during the construction of floor. Experimental and analytical investigations on response of asymmetric slim floor beams have shown that these beams offer a higher fire resistance in comparison to the conventional composite systems with down-stand steel beams. Previous investigations on these beams have been conducted in standard fire exposure conditions, hence, their response to natural fire scenarios still deems further examination. This study addresses response of asymmetric slim floor beams in natural fire exposure conditions. For this purpose, finite element models developed and verified by the authors are employed to study the thermal and structural response of slim floor beams in fast and slow parametric-fire exposures. Results obtained show that the asymmetric slim floor beams behave differently in parametric-fires in comparison to that in standard fire exposure conditions. Asymmetric slim floor beams continued to support the loads for the whole duration of parametric fires without undergoing excessive deflections and offering a better fire resistance. Unlike in case of the standard fire where the temperatures keep on increasing throughout the duration, temperatures on the slim floor beams decrease after reaching a maximum point in parametric-fires. It was found that for fast parametric-fires, the thermal gradient across the section is more severe as compared to that for the slow parametric-fires at earlier stages of fire exposure. In case of the fast parametric-fires, the rise and fall of temperatures on the slim floor beams are rapid while in case of the slow parametric-fire, these variations in temperatures are subtle. It was observed that the structural response of slim floor beams in standard and parametric fires depends on the average temperature across the steel section. Deflections predicted for the beams were found to be directly related to these average temperatures. Outcomes of this study will benefit in understanding the response of asymmetric slim floor beams in natural fire conditions and will aid to develop simple fire design methods for future use.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1107
Issue numberp.032009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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Fires
Fire resistance
Flanges
Temperature
Steel
Composite materials
Construction industry
Thermal gradients
Large scale systems

Keywords

  • Asymmetric slim floor beams
  • fire resistance
  • natural fires
  • finite element modelling
  • structural response

Cite this

Alam, Naveed ; Nadjai, A ; Maraveas, Chrysanthos ; Tsarvdaridis, Konstantinos ; Ali, FA. / Response of Asymmetric Slim Floor Beams in Parametric-Fires. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2018 ; Vol. 1107, No. p.032009.
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Response of Asymmetric Slim Floor Beams in Parametric-Fires. / Alam, Naveed; Nadjai, A; Maraveas, Chrysanthos; Tsarvdaridis, Konstantinos; Ali, FA.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 1107, No. p.032009, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nadjai, A

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AU - Tsarvdaridis, Konstantinos

AU - Ali, FA

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AB - State-of-the-art slim floor systems are a newest addition to the composite construction industry and several types are currently being used for building and construction purposes. Asymmetric slim floor beams are a type of slim floor systems which consist of a rolled section with a larger bottom flange. The larger bottom flange induces asymmetry and offers an efficient use of the material strength as a composite beam. It also offers a larger area to support the steel decking and pre-cast slab units during the construction of floor. Experimental and analytical investigations on response of asymmetric slim floor beams have shown that these beams offer a higher fire resistance in comparison to the conventional composite systems with down-stand steel beams. Previous investigations on these beams have been conducted in standard fire exposure conditions, hence, their response to natural fire scenarios still deems further examination. This study addresses response of asymmetric slim floor beams in natural fire exposure conditions. For this purpose, finite element models developed and verified by the authors are employed to study the thermal and structural response of slim floor beams in fast and slow parametric-fire exposures. Results obtained show that the asymmetric slim floor beams behave differently in parametric-fires in comparison to that in standard fire exposure conditions. Asymmetric slim floor beams continued to support the loads for the whole duration of parametric fires without undergoing excessive deflections and offering a better fire resistance. Unlike in case of the standard fire where the temperatures keep on increasing throughout the duration, temperatures on the slim floor beams decrease after reaching a maximum point in parametric-fires. It was found that for fast parametric-fires, the thermal gradient across the section is more severe as compared to that for the slow parametric-fires at earlier stages of fire exposure. In case of the fast parametric-fires, the rise and fall of temperatures on the slim floor beams are rapid while in case of the slow parametric-fire, these variations in temperatures are subtle. It was observed that the structural response of slim floor beams in standard and parametric fires depends on the average temperature across the steel section. Deflections predicted for the beams were found to be directly related to these average temperatures. Outcomes of this study will benefit in understanding the response of asymmetric slim floor beams in natural fire conditions and will aid to develop simple fire design methods for future use.

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