Resolution acuity and spatial summation of chromatic mechanisms in the peripheral retina.

Margarita B Zlatkova, Kalina Racheva, Tsvetalin Totev, Milena Mihaylova, Ivan Hristov, RS Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Green stimuli are more difficult to detect than red stimuli in the retinal periphery, as reported previously. We examined the spatial characteristics of chromatic mechanisms using stimuli, modulated from an achromatic background to each pole of the “red–green” cardinal axis in DKL space at 20 deg eccentricity. The “blue–yellow” cardinal axis was also studied for comparison. By measuring both grating discrimination at the resolution limit (resolution acuity) and spatial summation, assessed by the Michaelis–Menten function, we demonstrated a marked “red–green” asymmetry. The resolution acuity was worse and spatial summation more extended for “green” compared to “red” stimuli, while showing significant individual variations. Ricco’s area was also measured, but not determined for “green” spots because of the poor small stimuli detection. These results cannot be explained by differences in L- and M-cone numerosity and/or spatial arrangement, but rather have postreceptoral origin, probably at the cortical level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1003-1014
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A
Issue number7
Early online date3 Jun 2021
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Jul 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding. Bulgarian National Science Fund (Grant No DN 13/11 from Dec 19 2017).

Publisher Copyright:
1084-7529/21/071003-12 Journal © 2021 Optical Society of America


  • Color Perception
  • Contrast Sensitivity
  • Humans
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Retina
  • Retinal Cone Photoreceptor Cells
  • Sensory Thresholds
  • Visual Fields


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