Resistance of alkali activated slag concretes to chloride environments based on chloride penetration measurements

Dali Bondar, Sreejith Nanukuttan, Marios Soutsos, John Provis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne of the binder systems with low environmental footprint is alkali activated slag concretes (AASC), made by adding alkalis such as sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate to industrial by-products such as ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS). Whilst they have the similar behaviour as that of traditional cement systems in terms of strength and structural behaviour, AASC do exhibit superior performance in terms of abrasion and acid resistance and fire protection. In this article, the authors focus their attention on chloride ingress into different grades of AASC. The mix variables in AASC included water-to-binder, binder to aggregate ratio, percentage of alkali and the SiO2/Na2O ratio (silica modulus, Ms). The first challenge is to get mixes for different range of workability (with slump values from 40mm to 240mm) and reasonable early age and long term compressive strength according to each one. Then the chloride diffusion and migration in those mixes were measured and compared with same normal concretes in the existed literature based on chloride penetration depth. Comparing the chloride ingress between tradition concretes and AASCs is worthwhile to prove the possibility of increasing concrete lifetime in proximity to sea and deciding while such concretes are practical for use. Findings show that compared to the PC concretes, the AAS concretes have lower rate of chloride ingress.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 36th Cement and Concrete Science Conference
PublisherUCL Press
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • alkali activated slag
  • chloride ingress
  • chloride diffusion
  • alkali activated concrete
  • chloride migration
  • workability

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    Bondar, D., Nanukuttan, S., Soutsos, M., & Provis, J. (2016). Resistance of alkali activated slag concretes to chloride environments based on chloride penetration measurements. In Proceedings of the 36th Cement and Concrete Science Conference UCL Press. http://www.iom3.org/ceramics-society/welcome-cementitious-materials-group