Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North

Rosalind Pritchard, Maria Slowey

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    This chapter explores the impact of austerity policies on Irish higher education, comparing selected dimensions in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Raising questions about the extent to which such policies represented a step-change in direction -- rather than a logical development of several decades of neo-liberal policies -- the concept of institutional resilience is drawn upon to analyse qualitative material obtained from senior higher education leaders and expert observers.The discussion is organised in four parts. First, a brief summary of funding trends for higher education in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland is provided. Second, ‘snapshots’ illustrating the impact of funding cuts on students and staff are outlined. Third, issues of governance, leadership and institutional resilience are explored. Fourth, the chapter concludes with reflections on the price of resilience -- at what point may institutional survival represent a Pyrrhic victory if core values and purposes have to be compromised?
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationDebating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery
    EditorsEmma Heffernan, John McHale, Niamh Moore-Cherry
    Place of PublicationDUBLIN
    Pages175-190
    Volume1
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

    Fingerprint

    resilience
    Ireland
    republic
    austerity policy
    funding
    education
    expert
    leadership
    leader
    governance
    staff
    trend
    Values
    student

    Keywords

    • Higher Education
    • Austerity in HE
    • Republic of Ireland
    • Northern Ireland
    • Resilient universities
    • Neo-liberalism

    Cite this

    Pritchard, R., & Slowey, M. (2017). Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North. In E. Heffernan, J. McHale, & N. Moore-Cherry (Eds.), Debating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery (Vol. 1, pp. 175-190). DUBLIN.
    Pritchard, Rosalind ; Slowey, Maria. / Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North. Debating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery. editor / Emma Heffernan ; John McHale ; Niamh Moore-Cherry. Vol. 1 DUBLIN, 2017. pp. 175-190
    @inbook{4012763c90b1496a913a80b7b995a4a8,
    title = "Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North",
    abstract = "This chapter explores the impact of austerity policies on Irish higher education, comparing selected dimensions in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Raising questions about the extent to which such policies represented a step-change in direction -- rather than a logical development of several decades of neo-liberal policies -- the concept of institutional resilience is drawn upon to analyse qualitative material obtained from senior higher education leaders and expert observers.The discussion is organised in four parts. First, a brief summary of funding trends for higher education in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland is provided. Second, ‘snapshots’ illustrating the impact of funding cuts on students and staff are outlined. Third, issues of governance, leadership and institutional resilience are explored. Fourth, the chapter concludes with reflections on the price of resilience -- at what point may institutional survival represent a Pyrrhic victory if core values and purposes have to be compromised?",
    keywords = "Higher Education, Austerity in HE, Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, Resilient universities, Neo-liberalism",
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    note = "Reference text: References Boland, T., 2015 ‘A dialogue on the future funding of higher education in Ireland’. Speech by Tom Boland, Chief Executive of the Higher Education Funding Council, Royal Irish Academy, 23 September 2015, available at: http://www.hea.ie/news/{\%}E2{\%}80{\%}98speech-tom-boland-chief-executive-hea-higher-education-funding-royal-irish-academy-23rd (16 August 2016). Boland, V., 2015 ‘Northern Ireland braces for austerity’, Financial Times, 2 March 2015, available at: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/a40aa234-c0f6-11e4-88ca-00144feab7de .html#axzz3lFO5PhEn (9 September 2015). Borooah, V. and Knox, C., 2015 The economics of schooling in a divided society. Houndmills, Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan. Broucker, B., De Wit, K. and Leisyte, L., 2016. ‘Higher education reform: a systematic comparison of ten countries from a New Public Management perspective’ in R. M. O. Pritchard, J. Williams and A. Pausits (eds), Positioning Higher education institutions: from here to there, 19-40. Sense: Rotterdam, Boston and Taipei. Burawoy, M., 2012 Featured review essay of The Great American University: its rise to pre-eminence, its indispensable national role, why it must be protected by Jonathan R. Cole, New York. Public Affairs. Sociology 41(2), 139-149. Byrne, D. and McCoy, S., 2013 ‘Identifying and explaining hidden disadvantage within the non-manual group’, Comparative Social Research 30, 293-315. Callender, C., 2013 ‘The funding of part-time undergraduate students’, in D. Heller and C. Callender (eds), Student financing of higher education: a comparative perspective, 115-136. London. Routledge. Clancy, P., 2015 Irish higher education: a comparative perspective. Dublin. Institute of Public Administration. Clancy, P., 2016 'Isomorphism in Higher Education Policy The Incorporation of Supranational Perspectives into Irish National Policy', Journal of the European Higher Education Area 2, 1-26. Clancy, P. and Goastellec, G., 2007 ‘Exploring access and equity in higher education: policy and performance in a comparative perspective’, Higher Education Quarterly, 61(2), 136-154. Clark, B. R., 1998 Creating entrepreneurial universities: organizational pathways of transformations. Oxford. Elsevier. Clarke, M., Kenny, A. and Loxley, A., 2015 Creating a supportive working environment for academics in higher education: country report Ireland. Dublin. Irish Federation of University Teachers and Teachers’ Union of Ireland. MS is there an apostrophe here? Daly, M., 2015 ‘Why should part-time students have to pay fees that full-timers do not?’ thejournal.ie, 15 August 2015, available at: at http://www.thejournal.ie/author/mary-daly/. De Boer, H., Enders, J. and Schimank, U., 2007 ‘On the way towards new public management? The governance of university systems in England, the Netherlands, Austria, and Germany’, in D. Jansen (ed.), New forms of governance in research organizations: disciplinary approaches, interfaces and integration, 135-152. Dordrecht. Springer. Deem, R., Hillyard, S. and Reed, M., 2007 Knowledge, higher education and the new manageralism. Oxford. Oxford University Press. DEL – Department for Employment and Learning, February 2015a ‘Enrolments at UK higher education institutions: Northern Ireland analysis 2013/14’, Belfast. DEL, Publication Issue 18, Table 13a. DEL – Department for Employment and Learning, March 2015b. ‘Performance Indication in Higher Education: Northern Ireland Analysis 2013/14 (Part 1)’, Belfast. DEL, Publication Issue 5, Table 1. Expert Group, 2015a The role, value and scale of higher education in Ireland. Discussion Paper 2. Dublin. Expert Group on Future Funding for Higher Education. Expert Group, 2015b Optimising resources in Irish higher education. Discussion Paper 2. Dublin. Expert Group on Future Funding for Higher Education. Faulkner, L., 2012 ‘Survey of UCU members: stress at Ulster’. London. UCU. December. Government of Ireland. 2012 Qualifications and Quality Assurance (Education and Training Act) No. 28 of 2012. Dublin. Government Publications. Hazelkorn, E., 2011 Rankings and the reshaping of higher education: the battle for world-class excellence. Houndmills, Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan. Higher Education Authority (HEA), (2015). Speech by Tom Boland, Chief Executive, HEA, on Higher Education Funding at the Royal Irish Academy, 23rd September, 2015, available at: http://www.hea.ie/sites/default/files/ria_tb_funding_speech_v2_002.pdf (16 August 2016).. Henkel, M., 2000 Academic identities and policy change in higher education. London. Jessica Kingsley. Henkel, M. and Little, B. (eds), 1999 Changing relationships between higher education and the state. London. Jessica-Kingsley. Karlsen, J. E. and Pritchard, R. M. O. (eds.) 2013 Resilient universities: confronting challenges in a changing world. Bern. Peter Lang. Krugman, P., 2010 ‘Eating the Irish’ The New York Times. 25 November. MS, I looked this up to find the page. The print version was 26 November 2010, page A37. Marginson, S., (ed.) 2007 Prospects of higher education: globalization, market competition, public goods and the future of the university. Rotterdam. Sense Publishers. Meyer, J. W., Ramirez, F. O., Frank, D. J. and Schofer, E. (2007). Higher Education as an institution. In P. J. Gumport (ed.), Sociology of higher education: contributions and their contexts, 187-221. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Middlehurst, R., Goreham, H. and Woodfield, S., 2014 ‘Why research leadership in higher education? Exploring contributions from the UK's Leadership Foundation for Higher Education’, Leadership 5(3), 311-329. NERI – Nevin Economic Research Institute, (2014) ‘We need to talk about higher education’, NERI working paper 2014/no. 14, available at: http://www.nerinstitute.net/download/pdf/ we_need_to_talk_ about_higher_education.pdf (16 August 2016). Osborne, R. D., 1996 Higher education in Ireland North and South. London and Bristol. Jessica Kingsley. Pritchard, R. M. O., 2011 ‘Government power in British higher education’ in R. M. O. Pritchard, Neoliberal developments in higher education: the United Kingdom and Germany, 127-147. Bern. Peter Lang. Pritchard, R. M. O., 2013 ‘Higher education in a competitive world: the new British regime’, in J. E. Karlsen and R. M. O. Pritchard (eds), Resilient universities: confronting challenges in a changing world, 115-147. Bern. Peter Lang. Pritchard, R. M. O., 2015 ‘Academic values and English higher education’, in P. Zgaga et al. (eds) Higher education reform: looking back – looking forward, 195-214. Frankfurt am Main. Peter Lang. QS – Quacquarelli Symonds, 2015 ‘Top 50 under 50’, available at: http://www.topuniversities.com/top-50-under-50 (13 January 2016). MS, this was in an earlier version. Now seems deleted. Do you wish to reinstate? QUB – Queen’s University Belfast, 2011 ‘Corporate Plan 2011-2016’. Belfast. QUB. QUB – Queen’s University Belfast, 2013 ‘Consolidated financial statements 2012/13’. Belfast. QUB. RIA – Royal Irish Academy, 2016a ‘Advice paper no. 8 on the future funding of higher education in Ireland’. Dublin. RIA. RIA – Royal Irish Academy, 2016b ‘Advice paper no. 10 on the sustainability of the Northern Ireland higher education sector’. Dublin. RIA. Scott, P., 2015 ‘Mass to market higher education systems: new transitions or false dawn?’ in P. Zgaga, et al. (eds) Higher education reform: looking back – looking forward, 195-214. Frankfurt am Main. Peter Lang. Schuetze, H. G. and Alvarez-Mendiola, G., (eds) 2012 Higher education reform: market and the state. Rotterdam. Sense Publishers. No page number needed? Shattock, M., 2012 Making policy in British higher education: 1945-2011. Maidenhead. Open University Press. Slowey, M. and Schuetze, H. G., (eds) 2012 Global perspectives on higher education and lifelong learners. London and New York. Routledge. Slowey, M., 2013 ‘Institutional alliances: passing policy fad or new organizational model?’ in P. Axelrod et al. (eds) Making policy in turbulent times: challenges and prospects for higher education, 359-380. Kingston. McGill University Press. Slowey, M., Kozina, E. and Tan, E., 2014 Voices of academics in Irish higher education: perspectives on professional development. Dublin. All Ireland Society for Higher Education. Stiglitz, J., 2012 The price of inequality: how today’s divided society endangers our future. London. Allan Lane. UCU -- University and College Union, 2012a ‘National occupational stress survey’. London. UCU. UCU -- University and College Union, 2012b ‘Occupational stress survey: the demands stressor’. London. UCU UCU -- University and College Union QUB, 2013 ‘Strike on 31st October: trade union response to management claims’, available at: http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/ucu/ documentstore/paycampaign/ Filetoupload,420164,en.doc (13 January 2016). UCU -- University and College Union, 2014 ‘UCU survey of work-related stress 2014’. London. UCU. UU -- Ulster University, 2013 ‘University of Ulster annual report and financial statements for the year to 31 July 2013’. Belfast. UU. UUK – Universities UK, 2015 ‘Cuts to higher education threaten £1.5 billion contribution to Northern Ireland economy’. London. UUK (4 March 2015). V{\"a}likangas, L., 2010 The resilient organisation: how adaptive cultures thrive even when strategy fails. New York. McGraw Hill. WUR – World University Rankings (2015) Times Higher. 13 January 2016, available at: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2016/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25 (16 August 2016).",
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    Pritchard, R & Slowey, M 2017, Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North. in E Heffernan, J McHale & N Moore-Cherry (eds), Debating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery. vol. 1, DUBLIN, pp. 175-190.

    Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North. / Pritchard, Rosalind; Slowey, Maria.

    Debating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery. ed. / Emma Heffernan; John McHale; Niamh Moore-Cherry. Vol. 1 DUBLIN, 2017. p. 175-190.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    TY - CHAP

    T1 - Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North

    AU - Pritchard, Rosalind

    AU - Slowey, Maria

    N1 - Reference text: References Boland, T., 2015 ‘A dialogue on the future funding of higher education in Ireland’. Speech by Tom Boland, Chief Executive of the Higher Education Funding Council, Royal Irish Academy, 23 September 2015, available at: http://www.hea.ie/news/%E2%80%98speech-tom-boland-chief-executive-hea-higher-education-funding-royal-irish-academy-23rd (16 August 2016). Boland, V., 2015 ‘Northern Ireland braces for austerity’, Financial Times, 2 March 2015, available at: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/a40aa234-c0f6-11e4-88ca-00144feab7de .html#axzz3lFO5PhEn (9 September 2015). Borooah, V. and Knox, C., 2015 The economics of schooling in a divided society. Houndmills, Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan. Broucker, B., De Wit, K. and Leisyte, L., 2016. ‘Higher education reform: a systematic comparison of ten countries from a New Public Management perspective’ in R. M. O. Pritchard, J. Williams and A. Pausits (eds), Positioning Higher education institutions: from here to there, 19-40. Sense: Rotterdam, Boston and Taipei. Burawoy, M., 2012 Featured review essay of The Great American University: its rise to pre-eminence, its indispensable national role, why it must be protected by Jonathan R. Cole, New York. Public Affairs. Sociology 41(2), 139-149. Byrne, D. and McCoy, S., 2013 ‘Identifying and explaining hidden disadvantage within the non-manual group’, Comparative Social Research 30, 293-315. Callender, C., 2013 ‘The funding of part-time undergraduate students’, in D. Heller and C. Callender (eds), Student financing of higher education: a comparative perspective, 115-136. London. Routledge. Clancy, P., 2015 Irish higher education: a comparative perspective. Dublin. Institute of Public Administration. Clancy, P., 2016 'Isomorphism in Higher Education Policy The Incorporation of Supranational Perspectives into Irish National Policy', Journal of the European Higher Education Area 2, 1-26. Clancy, P. and Goastellec, G., 2007 ‘Exploring access and equity in higher education: policy and performance in a comparative perspective’, Higher Education Quarterly, 61(2), 136-154. Clark, B. R., 1998 Creating entrepreneurial universities: organizational pathways of transformations. Oxford. Elsevier. Clarke, M., Kenny, A. and Loxley, A., 2015 Creating a supportive working environment for academics in higher education: country report Ireland. Dublin. Irish Federation of University Teachers and Teachers’ Union of Ireland. MS is there an apostrophe here? Daly, M., 2015 ‘Why should part-time students have to pay fees that full-timers do not?’ thejournal.ie, 15 August 2015, available at: at http://www.thejournal.ie/author/mary-daly/. De Boer, H., Enders, J. and Schimank, U., 2007 ‘On the way towards new public management? The governance of university systems in England, the Netherlands, Austria, and Germany’, in D. Jansen (ed.), New forms of governance in research organizations: disciplinary approaches, interfaces and integration, 135-152. Dordrecht. Springer. Deem, R., Hillyard, S. and Reed, M., 2007 Knowledge, higher education and the new manageralism. Oxford. Oxford University Press. DEL – Department for Employment and Learning, February 2015a ‘Enrolments at UK higher education institutions: Northern Ireland analysis 2013/14’, Belfast. DEL, Publication Issue 18, Table 13a. DEL – Department for Employment and Learning, March 2015b. ‘Performance Indication in Higher Education: Northern Ireland Analysis 2013/14 (Part 1)’, Belfast. DEL, Publication Issue 5, Table 1. Expert Group, 2015a The role, value and scale of higher education in Ireland. Discussion Paper 2. Dublin. Expert Group on Future Funding for Higher Education. Expert Group, 2015b Optimising resources in Irish higher education. Discussion Paper 2. Dublin. Expert Group on Future Funding for Higher Education. Faulkner, L., 2012 ‘Survey of UCU members: stress at Ulster’. London. UCU. December. Government of Ireland. 2012 Qualifications and Quality Assurance (Education and Training Act) No. 28 of 2012. Dublin. Government Publications. Hazelkorn, E., 2011 Rankings and the reshaping of higher education: the battle for world-class excellence. Houndmills, Basingstoke. Palgrave Macmillan. Higher Education Authority (HEA), (2015). Speech by Tom Boland, Chief Executive, HEA, on Higher Education Funding at the Royal Irish Academy, 23rd September, 2015, available at: http://www.hea.ie/sites/default/files/ria_tb_funding_speech_v2_002.pdf (16 August 2016).. Henkel, M., 2000 Academic identities and policy change in higher education. London. Jessica Kingsley. Henkel, M. and Little, B. (eds), 1999 Changing relationships between higher education and the state. London. Jessica-Kingsley. Karlsen, J. E. and Pritchard, R. M. O. (eds.) 2013 Resilient universities: confronting challenges in a changing world. Bern. Peter Lang. Krugman, P., 2010 ‘Eating the Irish’ The New York Times. 25 November. MS, I looked this up to find the page. The print version was 26 November 2010, page A37. Marginson, S., (ed.) 2007 Prospects of higher education: globalization, market competition, public goods and the future of the university. Rotterdam. Sense Publishers. Meyer, J. W., Ramirez, F. O., Frank, D. J. and Schofer, E. (2007). Higher Education as an institution. In P. J. Gumport (ed.), Sociology of higher education: contributions and their contexts, 187-221. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Middlehurst, R., Goreham, H. and Woodfield, S., 2014 ‘Why research leadership in higher education? Exploring contributions from the UK's Leadership Foundation for Higher Education’, Leadership 5(3), 311-329. NERI – Nevin Economic Research Institute, (2014) ‘We need to talk about higher education’, NERI working paper 2014/no. 14, available at: http://www.nerinstitute.net/download/pdf/ we_need_to_talk_ about_higher_education.pdf (16 August 2016). Osborne, R. D., 1996 Higher education in Ireland North and South. London and Bristol. Jessica Kingsley. Pritchard, R. M. O., 2011 ‘Government power in British higher education’ in R. M. O. Pritchard, Neoliberal developments in higher education: the United Kingdom and Germany, 127-147. Bern. Peter Lang. Pritchard, R. M. O., 2013 ‘Higher education in a competitive world: the new British regime’, in J. E. Karlsen and R. M. O. Pritchard (eds), Resilient universities: confronting challenges in a changing world, 115-147. Bern. Peter Lang. Pritchard, R. M. O., 2015 ‘Academic values and English higher education’, in P. Zgaga et al. (eds) Higher education reform: looking back – looking forward, 195-214. Frankfurt am Main. Peter Lang. QS – Quacquarelli Symonds, 2015 ‘Top 50 under 50’, available at: http://www.topuniversities.com/top-50-under-50 (13 January 2016). MS, this was in an earlier version. Now seems deleted. Do you wish to reinstate? QUB – Queen’s University Belfast, 2011 ‘Corporate Plan 2011-2016’. Belfast. QUB. QUB – Queen’s University Belfast, 2013 ‘Consolidated financial statements 2012/13’. Belfast. QUB. RIA – Royal Irish Academy, 2016a ‘Advice paper no. 8 on the future funding of higher education in Ireland’. Dublin. RIA. RIA – Royal Irish Academy, 2016b ‘Advice paper no. 10 on the sustainability of the Northern Ireland higher education sector’. Dublin. RIA. Scott, P., 2015 ‘Mass to market higher education systems: new transitions or false dawn?’ in P. Zgaga, et al. (eds) Higher education reform: looking back – looking forward, 195-214. Frankfurt am Main. Peter Lang. Schuetze, H. G. and Alvarez-Mendiola, G., (eds) 2012 Higher education reform: market and the state. Rotterdam. Sense Publishers. No page number needed? Shattock, M., 2012 Making policy in British higher education: 1945-2011. Maidenhead. Open University Press. Slowey, M. and Schuetze, H. G., (eds) 2012 Global perspectives on higher education and lifelong learners. London and New York. Routledge. Slowey, M., 2013 ‘Institutional alliances: passing policy fad or new organizational model?’ in P. Axelrod et al. (eds) Making policy in turbulent times: challenges and prospects for higher education, 359-380. Kingston. McGill University Press. Slowey, M., Kozina, E. and Tan, E., 2014 Voices of academics in Irish higher education: perspectives on professional development. Dublin. All Ireland Society for Higher Education. Stiglitz, J., 2012 The price of inequality: how today’s divided society endangers our future. London. Allan Lane. UCU -- University and College Union, 2012a ‘National occupational stress survey’. London. UCU. UCU -- University and College Union, 2012b ‘Occupational stress survey: the demands stressor’. London. UCU UCU -- University and College Union QUB, 2013 ‘Strike on 31st October: trade union response to management claims’, available at: http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/ucu/ documentstore/paycampaign/ Filetoupload,420164,en.doc (13 January 2016). UCU -- University and College Union, 2014 ‘UCU survey of work-related stress 2014’. London. UCU. UU -- Ulster University, 2013 ‘University of Ulster annual report and financial statements for the year to 31 July 2013’. Belfast. UU. UUK – Universities UK, 2015 ‘Cuts to higher education threaten £1.5 billion contribution to Northern Ireland economy’. London. UUK (4 March 2015). Välikangas, L., 2010 The resilient organisation: how adaptive cultures thrive even when strategy fails. New York. McGraw Hill. WUR – World University Rankings (2015) Times Higher. 13 January 2016, available at: https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2016/world-ranking#!/page/0/length/25 (16 August 2016).

    PY - 2017/9

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    N2 - This chapter explores the impact of austerity policies on Irish higher education, comparing selected dimensions in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Raising questions about the extent to which such policies represented a step-change in direction -- rather than a logical development of several decades of neo-liberal policies -- the concept of institutional resilience is drawn upon to analyse qualitative material obtained from senior higher education leaders and expert observers.The discussion is organised in four parts. First, a brief summary of funding trends for higher education in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland is provided. Second, ‘snapshots’ illustrating the impact of funding cuts on students and staff are outlined. Third, issues of governance, leadership and institutional resilience are explored. Fourth, the chapter concludes with reflections on the price of resilience -- at what point may institutional survival represent a Pyrrhic victory if core values and purposes have to be compromised?

    AB - This chapter explores the impact of austerity policies on Irish higher education, comparing selected dimensions in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. Raising questions about the extent to which such policies represented a step-change in direction -- rather than a logical development of several decades of neo-liberal policies -- the concept of institutional resilience is drawn upon to analyse qualitative material obtained from senior higher education leaders and expert observers.The discussion is organised in four parts. First, a brief summary of funding trends for higher education in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland is provided. Second, ‘snapshots’ illustrating the impact of funding cuts on students and staff are outlined. Third, issues of governance, leadership and institutional resilience are explored. Fourth, the chapter concludes with reflections on the price of resilience -- at what point may institutional survival represent a Pyrrhic victory if core values and purposes have to be compromised?

    KW - Higher Education

    KW - Austerity in HE

    KW - Republic of Ireland

    KW - Northern Ireland

    KW - Resilient universities

    KW - Neo-liberalism

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    BT - Debating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery

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    Pritchard R, Slowey M. Resilience: a high price for survival? The impact of austerity on Irish Higher Education, South and North. In Heffernan E, McHale J, Moore-Cherry N, editors, Debating Austerity in Ireland: crisis, experience and recovery. Vol. 1. DUBLIN. 2017. p. 175-190