Replicability and Generalizability of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Networks: A Cross-Cultural Multisite Study of PTSD Symptoms in Four Trauma Patient Samples

Eiko I. Fried, Marloes B. Eidhof, Sabina Palic, Giulio Costantini, Hilde M. Huisman-van Dijk, Claudi L. H. Bockting, Iris Engelhard, Cherie Armour, Anni B. S. Nielsen, Karen-Inge Karstoft

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Abstract

The growing literature conceptualizing mental disorders like posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as networks of interacting symptoms faces three key challenges. Prior studies predominantly used (a) small samples with low power for precise estimation, (b) nonclinical samples, and (c) single samples. This renders network structures in clinical data, and the extent to which networks replicate across data sets, unknown. To overcome these limitations, the present cross-cultural multisite study estimated regularized partial correlation networks of 16 PTSD symptoms across four data sets of traumatized patients receiving treatment for PTSD (total N = 2,782). Despite differences in culture, trauma type, and severity of the samples, considerable similarities emerged, with moderate to high correlations between symptom profiles (0.43–0.82), network structures (0.62–0.74), and centrality estimates (0.63–0.75). We discuss the importance of future replicability efforts to improve clinical psychological science and provide code, model output, and correlation matrices to make the results of this article fully reproducible.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-351
Number of pages17
JournalClinical Psychological Science
Volume6
Issue number3
Early online date5 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Wounds and Injuries
Mental Disorders
Psychology
Datasets
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • replicability
  • network modeling
  • generalizability
  • open materials

Cite this

Fried, Eiko I. ; Eidhof, Marloes B. ; Palic, Sabina ; Costantini, Giulio ; Huisman-van Dijk, Hilde M. ; Bockting, Claudi L. H. ; Engelhard, Iris ; Armour, Cherie ; Nielsen, Anni B. S. ; Karstoft, Karen-Inge. / Replicability and Generalizability of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Networks: A Cross-Cultural Multisite Study of PTSD Symptoms in Four Trauma Patient Samples. In: Clinical Psychological Science. 2018 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 335-351.
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Fried, EI, Eidhof, MB, Palic, S, Costantini, G, Huisman-van Dijk, HM, Bockting, CLH, Engelhard, I, Armour, C, Nielsen, ABS & Karstoft, K-I 2018, 'Replicability and Generalizability of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Networks: A Cross-Cultural Multisite Study of PTSD Symptoms in Four Trauma Patient Samples', Clinical Psychological Science, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 335-351. https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702617745092

Replicability and Generalizability of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Networks: A Cross-Cultural Multisite Study of PTSD Symptoms in Four Trauma Patient Samples. / Fried, Eiko I.; Eidhof, Marloes B.; Palic, Sabina; Costantini, Giulio; Huisman-van Dijk, Hilde M.; Bockting, Claudi L. H.; Engelhard, Iris; Armour, Cherie; Nielsen, Anni B. S.; Karstoft, Karen-Inge.

In: Clinical Psychological Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, 01.05.2018, p. 335-351.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Palic, Sabina

AU - Costantini, Giulio

AU - Huisman-van Dijk, Hilde M.

AU - Bockting, Claudi L. H.

AU - Engelhard, Iris

AU - Armour, Cherie

AU - Nielsen, Anni B. S.

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