Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A distinctive characteristic of the education system in Northern Ireland is that most Protestant and Catholic children attend separate schools. Following the partition of Ireland the Protestant Churches transferred their schools to the new state in return for full funding and representation in the management of state controlled schools and non-denominational religious instruction was given a statutory place within such schools. The Catholic Church retained control over its own system of voluntary maintained schools, initially receiving only 65% of capital funding; however all grant-aided schools in Northern Ireland are now eligible for full funding of running costs and capital development. This paper highlights the emergence of a small number of integrated schools since the 1980s. Catholic and Protestant parents have come together as the impetus for these schools and this presents an implicit challenge to the status quo of church involvement in the management and control of schools. In practical terms the integrated schools have had to develop more inclusive arrangements for religious education, and legislation that permits existing schools to "transform" into integrated schools also presents new challenges for the society as a whole.
LanguageEnglish
Pages559-575
JournalOxford Review of Education
Volume27
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001

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segregation
school
funding
religious instruction
church
Protestant church
religious education
management
education system
grant
Ireland
parents
legislation

Keywords

  • integrated schooling
  • northern ireland
  • segregation
  • conflict
  • faith

Cite this

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title = "Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland",
abstract = "A distinctive characteristic of the education system in Northern Ireland is that most Protestant and Catholic children attend separate schools. Following the partition of Ireland the Protestant Churches transferred their schools to the new state in return for full funding and representation in the management of state controlled schools and non-denominational religious instruction was given a statutory place within such schools. The Catholic Church retained control over its own system of voluntary maintained schools, initially receiving only 65{\%} of capital funding; however all grant-aided schools in Northern Ireland are now eligible for full funding of running costs and capital development. This paper highlights the emergence of a small number of integrated schools since the 1980s. Catholic and Protestant parents have come together as the impetus for these schools and this presents an implicit challenge to the status quo of church involvement in the management and control of schools. In practical terms the integrated schools have had to develop more inclusive arrangements for religious education, and legislation that permits existing schools to {"}transform{"} into integrated schools also presents new challenges for the society as a whole.",
keywords = "integrated schooling, northern ireland, segregation, conflict, faith",
author = "Alan Smith",
note = "Access via Jstor http://www.jstor.org/pss/1050786 Informaworld http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a713688583 IngentaConnect http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/core/2001/00000027/00000004/art00009 Reference text: ABBOTT, L., DUNN, S. & MORGAN, V. (1998) Integrated Education in Northern Ireland: an analytical review (Coleraine, University of Ulster, Centre for the Study of Conflict). AGNEW, U., MCEWAN, A., SALTERS, J. & SALTERS, M. (1992) Integrated Education: the views of parents (Belfast, Queens University, School of Education). AKENSON, D.H. (1970) The Irish Education Experiment, The National System of Education in the Nineteenth Century (London, Routledge & Kegan Paul). AKENSON, D.H. (1973) Education and Enmity: the control of schooling in Northern Ireland, 1920–1950 (Newton Abbot, David & Charles). BARNES, L.P. (1997) Reforming Religious Education in Northern Ireland: a critical review, British Journal of Religious Education, 19, 2, pp. 73–82. BRUCE, S. & ALDERDICE, F. (1993) Religious belief and behaviour, in: P. STRINGER & G. ROBINSON (eds) (1993) Social Attitudes in Northern Ireland: third report, 1992–93 (Belfast, Blackstaff Press). CAINWEBSITE (2001) Size of Catholic population in Northern Ireland—Census returns and estimates 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 (http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/ni/popul.htm#cath). COMPTON, P. & POWER, J. (1991) Estimates of the Religious Composition of Northern Ireland Local Government Districts (Belfast, Fair Employment Commission). CORMACK, R.L. & OSBORNE, R.D. (Eds) (1983) Religion, Education and Employments: aspects of equal opportunity in Northern Ireland (Belfast, Appletree Press). DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND (1998) Towards a Culture of Tolerance: integrating education (Bangor, Co. Down, DENI). DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION FOR NORTHERN IRELAND (1999) Towards a Culture of Tolerance: education for diversity (Bangor, Co. Down, DENI). DUNN, S. (1986) The role of education in the Northern Ireland conflict, Oxford Review of Education, 12, 3, pp. 233–42. DUNN, S. (1990) A history of education in Northern Ireland since 1920, in: FIFTEENTH REPORT OF THE STANDING ADVISORY COMMISSION ON HUMAN RIGHTS Report for 1989–90 (London, HMSO). EDUCATION REFORM (NORTHERN IRELAND) ORDER 1989 (Belfast, HMSO). FRASER, G. & MORGAN, V. (1999) In The Frame: integrated education in Northern Ireland, the implications of expansion (Coleraine, University of Ulster, Centre for the Study of Conflict). GALLAGHER, A.M. & SMITH, A. (2000) The Effects of the Selective System of Secondary Education in Northern Ireland, Main Report and Research Papers 1 and 2. (Bangor, Co. Down, Department of Education, Northern Ireland). GRAY, T. (1989) Nationalist and Unionist Ireland Before the Treaty (London, Blackie & Son). GILES, M. & CAIRNS, E. (1996) Church attendance in Northern Ireland: Catholics and Protestants compared, Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 6, 4, pp. 299–305. GREEN, A. (1993) Fundamentalism By Law, The Tablet, pp. 204–5. GREER, J. & MCELHINNEY, E.P. (1984) The project Religion in Ireland: an experiment in reconstruction, Lumen Vitae, 39, 3. IRWIN, C. (1991) Education and the Development of Social Integration in Divided Societies (Belfast, Queen’s University). MCCLENAHAN, C., CAIRNS, E.,DUNN, S. & MORGAN, V. (1996) Intergroup friendships: integrated and desegregated schools in Northern Ireland, The Journal of Social Psychology, 136, 5, pp. 549–58. MCKELVEY, H. (1993) Church of Ireland Annual Synod, Report of the Northern Education Committee. MOFFAT, C. (Ed.) (1993) Education Together for a Change: integrated education and community relations in Northern Ireland (Belfast, Fortnight Educational Trust). MORGAN, V., DUNN, S., CAIRNS, E. & FRASER, G. (1992) Breaking the Mould. The role of parents and teachers in the integrated schools in Northern Ireland (Coleraine, Centre for the Study of Conflict, University of Ulster). MURRAY, D. (1985) Worlds Apart: segregated schools in Northern Ireland (Belfast, Appletree Press). O’BUACHALLA, S. (1988) Educational Policy in Twentieth Century Ireland (Dublin, Wolfhound Press). OSBORNE, R.D., CORMACK, R.J. & MILLER, R.L. (EDS) (1987) Education and Policy in Northern Ireland (Belfast, Policy Research Institute). RODGERS, R.J. & MCKELVEY, R.S.J.H. (1995) The transferor churches’ role in education in Northern Ireland, Aspects of Education, 52, pp. 40–49. SPENCER, A.E.C.W. (1987) Arguments for an integrated school system, in: R.D. OSBORNE, R.J. CORMACK & R.L. MILLER (1987) Education and Policy in Northern Ireland (Belfast, Policy Research Institute). WEINBERG, M. (1977) Minority Students: a research appraisal (Washington, DC, Department of Health, Education and Welfare) pp. 264–7. WRIGHT, F. (1989) Integrated Education and New Beginnings in Northern Ireland (Coleraine, Centre for the Study of Conflict, University of Ulster).",
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Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland. / Smith, Alan.

In: Oxford Review of Education, Vol. 27, No. 4, 01.12.2001, p. 559-575.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Religious Segregation and the Emergence of Integrated Schools in Northern Ireland

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