Reliability of ground reaction forces in the aquatic environment

MS Barreto, LF Dela Bela, JM Dias, AR Pelegrinelli, RR de Campos, RG Carvalho, M Taglietti, JP Batista, MF Silva, MM Olkoski, JF Nogueira, DC Souza, JG McVeigh, FA Moura, LM Facci, JR Cardoso

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    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to verify the reliability of the kinetic parameters of gait using an underwater force platform. A total of 49 healthy participants with a median age of 21 years were included. The kinetic gait data were collected using a 0.6×0.6×0.1m aquatic force plate (Bertec®), set in a pool (15×13×1.30m) with a water depth of 1.20m and water temperature of 32.5°C. Participants walked 10m before reaching the platform, which was fixed to the ground. Participants were instructed to step onto the platform with their preferred limb and data from three valid attempts were used to calculate the average values. A 48-h interval between tests was used for the test-retest reliability. Data were analyzed using interclass correlation coefficients (ICC) and results demonstrated that reliability ranged from poor to excellent, with ICC scores of between 0.24 and 0.87 and mean differences between (d¯)=-0.01 and 0.002. The highest reliability values were found for the vertical (Fz) and the lowest for the mediolateral components (Fy). In conclusion, the force platform is reliable for assessing the vertical and anteroposterior components of power production rates in water, however, caution should be applied when using this instrument to evaluate the mediolateral component in this environment.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)23-30
    JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
    Volume30
    Early online date7 May 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 May 2016

    Keywords

    • Aquatic exercise
    • Gait
    • Hydrotherapy
    • Kinetic
    • Reliability

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