Reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions in high density polyethylene nanocomposites

Dong Xiang, Lei Wang, Yuhao Tang, Christopher Hill, Biqiong Chen, Eileen Harkin-Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A comparative study of unary and binary carbon nanofiller reinforced high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with 4 wt.% nanofillers was carried out in order to assess the reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions. Rheology and resistivity tests indicate that the relative effectiveness of generating rheological and conductive networks is as follows: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) > carbon black (CB) > graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), while the reinforcement effect in modulus is: GNPs > MWCNTs > CB, at the same loading. The resistivity of all the HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites is quite close to the that of HDPE/MWCNT composites, indicating CB may be a good replacement for MWCNTs considering the relatively low cost of CB. A synergistic effect in modulus is observed in the HDPE/GNP/MWCNT and HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites due to the formation of nanofiller–polymer–nanofiller network structures.
LanguageEnglish
Pages322-334
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Materials Research
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

High density polyethylenes
Carbon black
Carbon nanotubes
Nanocomposites
Reinforcement
Carbon
Graphene
Composite materials
Rheology
Polymers
Costs

Keywords

  • Polymer nanocomposites
  • High density polyethylene
  • Graphene nanoplatelets
  • carbon nanotubes
  • nano carbon black
  • elongational deformation
  • Biaxial

Cite this

@article{e3ff39809b564c9d88b29a43b95228aa,
title = "Reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions in high density polyethylene nanocomposites",
abstract = "A comparative study of unary and binary carbon nanofiller reinforced high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with 4 wt.{\%} nanofillers was carried out in order to assess the reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions. Rheology and resistivity tests indicate that the relative effectiveness of generating rheological and conductive networks is as follows: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) > carbon black (CB) > graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), while the reinforcement effect in modulus is: GNPs > MWCNTs > CB, at the same loading. The resistivity of all the HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites is quite close to the that of HDPE/MWCNT composites, indicating CB may be a good replacement for MWCNTs considering the relatively low cost of CB. A synergistic effect in modulus is observed in the HDPE/GNP/MWCNT and HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites due to the formation of nanofiller–polymer–nanofiller network structures.",
keywords = "Polymer nanocomposites, High density polyethylene, Graphene nanoplatelets, carbon nanotubes, nano carbon black, elongational deformation, Biaxial",
author = "Dong Xiang and Lei Wang and Yuhao Tang and Christopher Hill and Biqiong Chen and Eileen Harkin-Jones",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "17",
doi = "10.3139/146.111482",
language = "English",
volume = "108",
pages = "322--334",
journal = "International Journal of Materials Research",
issn = "1862-5282",

}

Reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions in high density polyethylene nanocomposites. / Xiang, Dong; Wang, Lei; Tang, Yuhao; Hill, Christopher; Chen, Biqiong; Harkin-Jones, Eileen.

In: International Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 108, 17.02.2017, p. 322-334 .

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions in high density polyethylene nanocomposites

AU - Xiang, Dong

AU - Wang, Lei

AU - Tang, Yuhao

AU - Hill, Christopher

AU - Chen, Biqiong

AU - Harkin-Jones, Eileen

PY - 2017/2/17

Y1 - 2017/2/17

N2 - A comparative study of unary and binary carbon nanofiller reinforced high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with 4 wt.% nanofillers was carried out in order to assess the reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions. Rheology and resistivity tests indicate that the relative effectiveness of generating rheological and conductive networks is as follows: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) > carbon black (CB) > graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), while the reinforcement effect in modulus is: GNPs > MWCNTs > CB, at the same loading. The resistivity of all the HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites is quite close to the that of HDPE/MWCNT composites, indicating CB may be a good replacement for MWCNTs considering the relatively low cost of CB. A synergistic effect in modulus is observed in the HDPE/GNP/MWCNT and HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites due to the formation of nanofiller–polymer–nanofiller network structures.

AB - A comparative study of unary and binary carbon nanofiller reinforced high density polyethylene (HDPE) composites with 4 wt.% nanofillers was carried out in order to assess the reinforcement effect and synergy of carbon nanofillers with different dimensions. Rheology and resistivity tests indicate that the relative effectiveness of generating rheological and conductive networks is as follows: multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) > carbon black (CB) > graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs), while the reinforcement effect in modulus is: GNPs > MWCNTs > CB, at the same loading. The resistivity of all the HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites is quite close to the that of HDPE/MWCNT composites, indicating CB may be a good replacement for MWCNTs considering the relatively low cost of CB. A synergistic effect in modulus is observed in the HDPE/GNP/MWCNT and HDPE/CB/MWCNT composites due to the formation of nanofiller–polymer–nanofiller network structures.

KW - Polymer nanocomposites

KW - High density polyethylene

KW - Graphene nanoplatelets

KW - carbon nanotubes

KW - nano carbon black

KW - elongational deformation

KW - Biaxial

U2 - 10.3139/146.111482

DO - 10.3139/146.111482

M3 - Article

VL - 108

SP - 322

EP - 334

JO - International Journal of Materials Research

T2 - International Journal of Materials Research

JF - International Journal of Materials Research

SN - 1862-5282

ER -