Regulation of miR-200c and miR-141 by methylation in prostate cancer

Seodhna Lynch, Karla M. O'Neill, Michael M. McKenna, CP Walsh, Declan J McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUNDIn prostate cancer (PCa), abnormal expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs) has been previously reported. Increasing evidence shows that aberrant epigenetic regulation of miRNAs is a contributing factor to their altered expression in cancer. In this study, we investigate whether expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in PCa is related to the DNA methylation status of their promoter.METHODSPCR analysis of miR-200c and miR-141, and CpG methylation analysis of their common promoter, was performed in PCa cell-lines and in archived prostate biopsy specimens. The biological significance of miR-200c and miR-141 expression in prostate cancer cells was assessed by a series of in vitro bioassays and the effect on proposed targets DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 was investigated. The effect on promoter methylation status in cells treated with demethylating agents was also examined.RESULTSmiR-200c and miR-141 are both highly elevated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but significantly reduced in PC3 cells. This correlates inversely with the methylation status of the miR-200c/miR-141 promoter, which is unmethylated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but hypermethylated in PC3. In PC3 cells, miR-200c and miR-141 expression is subsequently elevated by treatment with the demethylating drug decitabine (5-aza-2′deoxycytidine) and by knockdown of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), suggesting their expression is regulated by methylation. Expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in prostate biopsy tissue was inversely correlated with methylation in promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci. In vitro, over-expression of miR-200c in PC3 cells inhibited growth and clonogenic potential, as well as inducing apoptosis. Expression of the genes DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 were down-regulated by miR-200c and miR-141 respectively. Finally, treatment with the soy isoflavone genistein caused demethylation of the promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci resulting in increased miR-200c expression.CONCLUSIONSOur findings provide evidence that miR-200c and miR-141 are under epigenetic regulation in PCa cells. We propose that profiling their expression and methylation status may have potential as a novel biomarker or focus of therapeutic intervention in the diagnosis and prognosis of PCa.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1146-1159
JournalThe Prostate
Volume76
Issue number13
Early online date16 May 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2016

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Methylation
Prostatic Neoplasms
decitabine
MicroRNAs
Epigenomics
Prostate
Biopsy
Isoflavones
Genistein
Methyltransferases
DNA Methylation
Biological Assay
Biomarkers
Apoptosis
Gene Expression
Cell Line
DNA
Growth
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • microRNA
  • miR-200c
  • miR-141
  • prostate cancer
  • DNA methylation

Cite this

Lynch, Seodhna ; O'Neill, Karla M. ; McKenna, Michael M. ; Walsh, CP ; McKenna, Declan J. / Regulation of miR-200c and miR-141 by methylation in prostate cancer. In: The Prostate. 2016 ; Vol. 76, No. 13. pp. 1146-1159.
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title = "Regulation of miR-200c and miR-141 by methylation in prostate cancer",
abstract = "BACKGROUNDIn prostate cancer (PCa), abnormal expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs) has been previously reported. Increasing evidence shows that aberrant epigenetic regulation of miRNAs is a contributing factor to their altered expression in cancer. In this study, we investigate whether expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in PCa is related to the DNA methylation status of their promoter.METHODSPCR analysis of miR-200c and miR-141, and CpG methylation analysis of their common promoter, was performed in PCa cell-lines and in archived prostate biopsy specimens. The biological significance of miR-200c and miR-141 expression in prostate cancer cells was assessed by a series of in vitro bioassays and the effect on proposed targets DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 was investigated. The effect on promoter methylation status in cells treated with demethylating agents was also examined.RESULTSmiR-200c and miR-141 are both highly elevated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but significantly reduced in PC3 cells. This correlates inversely with the methylation status of the miR-200c/miR-141 promoter, which is unmethylated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but hypermethylated in PC3. In PC3 cells, miR-200c and miR-141 expression is subsequently elevated by treatment with the demethylating drug decitabine (5-aza-2′deoxycytidine) and by knockdown of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), suggesting their expression is regulated by methylation. Expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in prostate biopsy tissue was inversely correlated with methylation in promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci. In vitro, over-expression of miR-200c in PC3 cells inhibited growth and clonogenic potential, as well as inducing apoptosis. Expression of the genes DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 were down-regulated by miR-200c and miR-141 respectively. Finally, treatment with the soy isoflavone genistein caused demethylation of the promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci resulting in increased miR-200c expression.CONCLUSIONSOur findings provide evidence that miR-200c and miR-141 are under epigenetic regulation in PCa cells. We propose that profiling their expression and methylation status may have potential as a novel biomarker or focus of therapeutic intervention in the diagnosis and prognosis of PCa.",
keywords = "microRNA, miR-200c, miR-141, prostate cancer, DNA methylation",
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Regulation of miR-200c and miR-141 by methylation in prostate cancer. / Lynch, Seodhna; O'Neill, Karla M.; McKenna, Michael M.; Walsh, CP; McKenna, Declan J.

In: The Prostate, Vol. 76, No. 13, 15.09.2016, p. 1146-1159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Regulation of miR-200c and miR-141 by methylation in prostate cancer

AU - Lynch, Seodhna

AU - O'Neill, Karla M.

AU - McKenna, Michael M.

AU - Walsh, CP

AU - McKenna, Declan J

N1 - UIR Compliant - evidence uploaded to Other Files

PY - 2016/9/15

Y1 - 2016/9/15

N2 - BACKGROUNDIn prostate cancer (PCa), abnormal expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs) has been previously reported. Increasing evidence shows that aberrant epigenetic regulation of miRNAs is a contributing factor to their altered expression in cancer. In this study, we investigate whether expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in PCa is related to the DNA methylation status of their promoter.METHODSPCR analysis of miR-200c and miR-141, and CpG methylation analysis of their common promoter, was performed in PCa cell-lines and in archived prostate biopsy specimens. The biological significance of miR-200c and miR-141 expression in prostate cancer cells was assessed by a series of in vitro bioassays and the effect on proposed targets DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 was investigated. The effect on promoter methylation status in cells treated with demethylating agents was also examined.RESULTSmiR-200c and miR-141 are both highly elevated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but significantly reduced in PC3 cells. This correlates inversely with the methylation status of the miR-200c/miR-141 promoter, which is unmethylated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but hypermethylated in PC3. In PC3 cells, miR-200c and miR-141 expression is subsequently elevated by treatment with the demethylating drug decitabine (5-aza-2′deoxycytidine) and by knockdown of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), suggesting their expression is regulated by methylation. Expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in prostate biopsy tissue was inversely correlated with methylation in promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci. In vitro, over-expression of miR-200c in PC3 cells inhibited growth and clonogenic potential, as well as inducing apoptosis. Expression of the genes DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 were down-regulated by miR-200c and miR-141 respectively. Finally, treatment with the soy isoflavone genistein caused demethylation of the promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci resulting in increased miR-200c expression.CONCLUSIONSOur findings provide evidence that miR-200c and miR-141 are under epigenetic regulation in PCa cells. We propose that profiling their expression and methylation status may have potential as a novel biomarker or focus of therapeutic intervention in the diagnosis and prognosis of PCa.

AB - BACKGROUNDIn prostate cancer (PCa), abnormal expression of several microRNAs (miRNAs) has been previously reported. Increasing evidence shows that aberrant epigenetic regulation of miRNAs is a contributing factor to their altered expression in cancer. In this study, we investigate whether expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in PCa is related to the DNA methylation status of their promoter.METHODSPCR analysis of miR-200c and miR-141, and CpG methylation analysis of their common promoter, was performed in PCa cell-lines and in archived prostate biopsy specimens. The biological significance of miR-200c and miR-141 expression in prostate cancer cells was assessed by a series of in vitro bioassays and the effect on proposed targets DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 was investigated. The effect on promoter methylation status in cells treated with demethylating agents was also examined.RESULTSmiR-200c and miR-141 are both highly elevated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but significantly reduced in PC3 cells. This correlates inversely with the methylation status of the miR-200c/miR-141 promoter, which is unmethylated in LNCaP, 22RV1, and DU145 cells, but hypermethylated in PC3. In PC3 cells, miR-200c and miR-141 expression is subsequently elevated by treatment with the demethylating drug decitabine (5-aza-2′deoxycytidine) and by knockdown of DNA methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), suggesting their expression is regulated by methylation. Expression of miR-200c and miR-141 in prostate biopsy tissue was inversely correlated with methylation in promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci. In vitro, over-expression of miR-200c in PC3 cells inhibited growth and clonogenic potential, as well as inducing apoptosis. Expression of the genes DNMT3A and TET1/TET3 were down-regulated by miR-200c and miR-141 respectively. Finally, treatment with the soy isoflavone genistein caused demethylation of the promoter CpG sites closest to the miR-200c/miR-141 loci resulting in increased miR-200c expression.CONCLUSIONSOur findings provide evidence that miR-200c and miR-141 are under epigenetic regulation in PCa cells. We propose that profiling their expression and methylation status may have potential as a novel biomarker or focus of therapeutic intervention in the diagnosis and prognosis of PCa.

KW - microRNA

KW - miR-200c

KW - miR-141

KW - prostate cancer

KW - DNA methylation

U2 - 10.1002/pros.23201

DO - 10.1002/pros.23201

M3 - Article

VL - 76

SP - 1146

EP - 1159

JO - The Prostate

T2 - The Prostate

JF - The Prostate

SN - 0270-4137

SN - 1097-0045

IS - 13

ER -