Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome.

J M Woodhouse, V H Pakeman, M Cregg, Kathryn Saunders, M Parker, W I Fraser, P Sastry, S Lobo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Significant refractive errors are common among older children and adults with Down syndrome. We examined infants and children with Down syndrome to determine the prevalence of these errors at younger ages. Noncycloplegic retinoscopy was used to determine the refractive state of 92 infants and children with Down syndrome, aged 4 months to 12 years. The results for infants show a similar distribution of refractive errors in patients with Down syndrome and an age-matched control group. However, rather than a narrower distribution for the older age groups, as is the case with the controls, the distribution is wider, and the prevalence of refractive errors (including astigmatism) is higher among young children with Down syndrome than among controls. This high prevalence of refractive defects cannot be explained by the presence of strabismus or other pathologies.
LanguageEnglish
Pages844-51
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Volume74
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1997

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Refractive Errors
Down Syndrome
Retinoscopy
Astigmatism
Strabismus
Research Design
Age Groups
Pathology
Control Groups

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Woodhouse, J. M., Pakeman, V. H., Cregg, M., Saunders, K., Parker, M., Fraser, W. I., ... Lobo, S. (1997). Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome. Optometry and Vision Science, 74(10), 844-51.
Woodhouse, J M ; Pakeman, V H ; Cregg, M ; Saunders, Kathryn ; Parker, M ; Fraser, W I ; Sastry, P ; Lobo, S. / Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome. In: Optometry and Vision Science. 1997 ; Vol. 74, No. 10. pp. 844-51.
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Woodhouse, JM, Pakeman, VH, Cregg, M, Saunders, K, Parker, M, Fraser, WI, Sastry, P & Lobo, S 1997, 'Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome.', Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 74, no. 10, pp. 844-51.

Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome. / Woodhouse, J M; Pakeman, V H; Cregg, M; Saunders, Kathryn; Parker, M; Fraser, W I; Sastry, P; Lobo, S.

In: Optometry and Vision Science, Vol. 74, No. 10, 1997, p. 844-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lobo, S

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AB - Significant refractive errors are common among older children and adults with Down syndrome. We examined infants and children with Down syndrome to determine the prevalence of these errors at younger ages. Noncycloplegic retinoscopy was used to determine the refractive state of 92 infants and children with Down syndrome, aged 4 months to 12 years. The results for infants show a similar distribution of refractive errors in patients with Down syndrome and an age-matched control group. However, rather than a narrower distribution for the older age groups, as is the case with the controls, the distribution is wider, and the prevalence of refractive errors (including astigmatism) is higher among young children with Down syndrome than among controls. This high prevalence of refractive defects cannot be explained by the presence of strabismus or other pathologies.

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Woodhouse JM, Pakeman VH, Cregg M, Saunders K, Parker M, Fraser WI et al. Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome. Optometry and Vision Science. 1997;74(10):844-51.