Significant refractive errors are common among older children and adults with Down syndrome. We examined infants and children with Down syndrome to determine the prevalence of these errors at younger ages. Noncycloplegic retinoscopy was used to determine the refractive state of 92 infants and children with Down syndrome, aged 4 months to 12 years. The results for infants show a similar distribution of refractive errors in patients with Down syndrome and an age-matched control group. However, rather than a narrower distribution for the older age groups, as is the case with the controls, the distribution is wider, and the prevalence of refractive errors (including astigmatism) is higher among young children with Down syndrome than among controls. This high prevalence of refractive defects cannot be explained by the presence of strabismus or other pathologies.
|Journal||Optometry and Vision Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
Woodhouse, J. M., Pakeman, V. H., Cregg, M., Saunders, K., Parker, M., Fraser, W. I., ... Lobo, S. (1997). Refractive errors in young children with Down syndrome. Optometry and Vision Science, 74(10), 844-51.