Refining Anger: Summarizing the Self-Report Measurement of Anger

John Maltby, Will H J Norton, Eoin McElroy, John Cromby, Martin Halliwell, Sophie S Hall

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The current paper presents a five-factor measurement model of anger summarizing scores on public-domain self-report measures of anger. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of self-report measures of anger (UK, n = 500; USA, n = 625) suggest five replicable latent anger factors: anger-arousal, anger-rumination, frustration-discomfort, anger-regulation, and socially constituted anger. Findings suggested a 5-factor interpretation provided the best fit of the data. We also report evidence of measurement invariance for this 5-factor model of anger across gender, age, and ethnicity. The findings suggest a useful and parsimonious account of anger, summarizing over 50 years of research around the self-report measurement of anger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-762
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number6
Early online date8 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished online - 8 Dec 2022

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


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