Reducing Rumination of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Post-Meal Tooth Brushing

Claire McDowell, J Barry, S Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Rumination is defined as the regurgitation, chewing and re-swallowing of partially digested food. It is estimated that it occurs in about 10% of individuals with developmental disabilities.Method: An AB design was employed to assess the effectiveness of an intervention designed to reduce the number of occurrences where rumination followed eating in two settings, one of which acted as a control settingMaterials: Materials included a digital wristwatch, pen and paper based food diary and a child sized manual toothbrush and mint flavoured children’s toothpaste.Results: Baseline measures showed that the percentage of sessions where rumination occurred was similar in both the snack and lunch settings. The intervention which was implemented in the snack setting only resulted in a decrease in the number of times rumination occurred after school snack time. There was no significant decrease in rumination following lunch which remained under baseline conditions.Conclusions: The data add to the PBS literature on non-aversive interventions for rumination and suggest a healthy, age appropriate and functional means of decreasing the behaviour in a young child with Autism Spectrum Disorder
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-6
JournalPsychology and Psychological Research International Journal
Volume2
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2017

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Snacks
Meals
Lunch
Tooth
Mentha
Toothpastes
Diet Records
Developmental Disabilities
Mastication
Deglutition
Eating
Food
Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

  • Rumination
  • Tooth brushing
  • ASD

Cite this

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Reducing Rumination of a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using Post-Meal Tooth Brushing. / McDowell, Claire; Barry, J; Smyth, S.

In: Psychology and Psychological Research International Journal, Vol. 2, No. 3, 03.08.2017, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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