Recurrent Quantum Neural Network filters EEG signal for an improved Brain-Computer Interface

V Gandhi, Laxmidhar Behera, G Prasad, DH Coyle, TM McGinnity

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper presents an intelligent information processing paradigm to enhance the raw electroencephalogram (EEG) data. A Recurrent Quantum Neural Network (RQNN) model using a non linear Schrodinger wave equation (SWE) is proposed here to explain the tracking of the Motor Imagery (MI) based EEG signal of the BCI user. It is shown that if the potential field of the SWE is excited by the raw EEG data using a self-organized learning scheme, then the probability density function (pdf) associated with the EEG signal is transferred to the probability amplitude function which is the response of the SWE. In this scheme, the EEG data is encoded in terms of a particle like wave packet which helps to recover the EEG signal by de-noising the raw data. Thus the filtered EEG signal is a wave packet which glides along and moves like a particle. This estimated EEG signal is then fed as an input to the feature extractor to obtain the Hjorth features. These features are then used to train the Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifiers. The results show that the accuracy of the classifier output using the filtered EEG and the wave packet generated feature is better compared to that using the raw EEG signal. Also, the proposed scheme has been effectively used to predict the user intention which is not clearly observed in the raw EEG data.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event3rd European Conference on Technically Assisted Rehabilitation (TAR 2011) March 17 - 18, 2011 in Berlin -
Duration: 1 Jan 2011 → …

Conference

Conference3rd European Conference on Technically Assisted Rehabilitation (TAR 2011) March 17 - 18, 2011 in Berlin
Period1/01/11 → …

Fingerprint

Brain computer interface
Electroencephalography
Neural networks
Wave packets
Wave equations
Classifiers
Discriminant analysis
Probability density function
Support vector machines

Cite this

@inproceedings{8bd8ab1a3c8b4ee79bcd01b7194f67f9,
title = "Recurrent Quantum Neural Network filters EEG signal for an improved Brain-Computer Interface",
abstract = "This paper presents an intelligent information processing paradigm to enhance the raw electroencephalogram (EEG) data. A Recurrent Quantum Neural Network (RQNN) model using a non linear Schrodinger wave equation (SWE) is proposed here to explain the tracking of the Motor Imagery (MI) based EEG signal of the BCI user. It is shown that if the potential field of the SWE is excited by the raw EEG data using a self-organized learning scheme, then the probability density function (pdf) associated with the EEG signal is transferred to the probability amplitude function which is the response of the SWE. In this scheme, the EEG data is encoded in terms of a particle like wave packet which helps to recover the EEG signal by de-noising the raw data. Thus the filtered EEG signal is a wave packet which glides along and moves like a particle. This estimated EEG signal is then fed as an input to the feature extractor to obtain the Hjorth features. These features are then used to train the Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifiers. The results show that the accuracy of the classifier output using the filtered EEG and the wave packet generated feature is better compared to that using the raw EEG signal. Also, the proposed scheme has been effectively used to predict the user intention which is not clearly observed in the raw EEG data.",
author = "V Gandhi and Laxmidhar Behera and G Prasad and DH Coyle and TM McGinnity",
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booktitle = "Unknown Host Publication",

}

Gandhi, V, Behera, L, Prasad, G, Coyle, DH & McGinnity, TM 2011, Recurrent Quantum Neural Network filters EEG signal for an improved Brain-Computer Interface. in Unknown Host Publication. 3rd European Conference on Technically Assisted Rehabilitation (TAR 2011) March 17 - 18, 2011 in Berlin, 1/01/11.

Recurrent Quantum Neural Network filters EEG signal for an improved Brain-Computer Interface. / Gandhi, V; Behera, Laxmidhar; Prasad, G; Coyle, DH; McGinnity, TM.

Unknown Host Publication. 2011.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Recurrent Quantum Neural Network filters EEG signal for an improved Brain-Computer Interface

AU - Gandhi, V

AU - Behera, Laxmidhar

AU - Prasad, G

AU - Coyle, DH

AU - McGinnity, TM

PY - 2011

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N2 - This paper presents an intelligent information processing paradigm to enhance the raw electroencephalogram (EEG) data. A Recurrent Quantum Neural Network (RQNN) model using a non linear Schrodinger wave equation (SWE) is proposed here to explain the tracking of the Motor Imagery (MI) based EEG signal of the BCI user. It is shown that if the potential field of the SWE is excited by the raw EEG data using a self-organized learning scheme, then the probability density function (pdf) associated with the EEG signal is transferred to the probability amplitude function which is the response of the SWE. In this scheme, the EEG data is encoded in terms of a particle like wave packet which helps to recover the EEG signal by de-noising the raw data. Thus the filtered EEG signal is a wave packet which glides along and moves like a particle. This estimated EEG signal is then fed as an input to the feature extractor to obtain the Hjorth features. These features are then used to train the Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifiers. The results show that the accuracy of the classifier output using the filtered EEG and the wave packet generated feature is better compared to that using the raw EEG signal. Also, the proposed scheme has been effectively used to predict the user intention which is not clearly observed in the raw EEG data.

AB - This paper presents an intelligent information processing paradigm to enhance the raw electroencephalogram (EEG) data. A Recurrent Quantum Neural Network (RQNN) model using a non linear Schrodinger wave equation (SWE) is proposed here to explain the tracking of the Motor Imagery (MI) based EEG signal of the BCI user. It is shown that if the potential field of the SWE is excited by the raw EEG data using a self-organized learning scheme, then the probability density function (pdf) associated with the EEG signal is transferred to the probability amplitude function which is the response of the SWE. In this scheme, the EEG data is encoded in terms of a particle like wave packet which helps to recover the EEG signal by de-noising the raw data. Thus the filtered EEG signal is a wave packet which glides along and moves like a particle. This estimated EEG signal is then fed as an input to the feature extractor to obtain the Hjorth features. These features are then used to train the Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and the Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifiers. The results show that the accuracy of the classifier output using the filtered EEG and the wave packet generated feature is better compared to that using the raw EEG signal. Also, the proposed scheme has been effectively used to predict the user intention which is not clearly observed in the raw EEG data.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Unknown Host Publication

ER -