Real-time gait event detection using wearable sensors

Michael Hanlon, Ross Anderson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    110 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Real-time gait event detection is a requirement for functional electrical stimulation and gait biofeedback. This gait event detection should ideally be achieved using an ambulatory system of durable, lightweight, low-cost sensors. Previous research has reported issues with durability in footswitch systems. Therefore, this study describes the development and assessment of novel detection algorithms using footswitch and accelerometer sensors on twelve healthy individuals. Subjects were equipped with one force sensitive resistor on the heel, one accelerometer at the foot, and one accelerometer at the knee. Subjects performed ten 8-m walking trials in each of three conditions: normal, slow, and altered (reduced knee ROM) walking. Data from a subset of four subjects were used to develop prediction algorithms for initial contact (IC). Subsequently, these algorithms were tested on the remaining eight subjects against standard forceplate IC data (threshold of 5 N on a rising edge). The footswitch force threshold algorithm was most accurate for IC detection (mean absolute error of 2.4±2.1 ms) and was significantly more accurate (p
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)523-527
    JournalGait & Posture
    Volume30
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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