RD Lawrence Lecture 2017 Incretins: the intelligent hormones in diabetes.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The incretin hormones glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) have attracted considerable scientific and clinical interest due largely to their insulin-releasing and glucose-lowering properties. Indeed, GLP-1-based therapies are now key treatment options for many people with diabetes worldwide. In contrast, GIP-based agents have yet to reach the clinic based primarily on the impaired insulinotropic action of GIP observed in people with diabetes. Nevertheless, GIP is a key physiological regulator of insulin secretion and stable forms of GIP show much promise in rodent models to alleviate diabetes-obesity. Recent studies suggest that GIP may have an important role to play in a combination therapeutic approach or bioengineered with other gut peptides. Moreover, recent experimental studies indicate that incretins also exert pleiotropic effects in regions of the brain associated with learning and memory, thereby supporting preclinical data demonstrating that incretin-based drugs improve cognitive function. This review article, based on the RD Lawrence Lecture presented at Diabetes UK Annual Professional Conference (2017), provides a brief overview of incretins with a major focus on GIP, the development of designer GIP analogues, and how these molecules can improve cognition. Thus, incretins can be considered as 'the intelligent hormones' and may hold the key to successfully treating the alarming rise in neurodegenerative disorders
LanguageEnglish
JournalDiabetic medicine
VolumeN/A
Early online date16 Oct 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

Incretins
Hormones
Glucose
Peptides
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Cognition
Insulin
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Rodentia
Obesity
Learning

Keywords

  • GIP
  • GLP-1
  • incretin
  • brain
  • cognition

Cite this

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abstract = "The incretin hormones glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) have attracted considerable scientific and clinical interest due largely to their insulin-releasing and glucose-lowering properties. Indeed, GLP-1-based therapies are now key treatment options for many people with diabetes worldwide. In contrast, GIP-based agents have yet to reach the clinic based primarily on the impaired insulinotropic action of GIP observed in people with diabetes. Nevertheless, GIP is a key physiological regulator of insulin secretion and stable forms of GIP show much promise in rodent models to alleviate diabetes-obesity. Recent studies suggest that GIP may have an important role to play in a combination therapeutic approach or bioengineered with other gut peptides. Moreover, recent experimental studies indicate that incretins also exert pleiotropic effects in regions of the brain associated with learning and memory, thereby supporting preclinical data demonstrating that incretin-based drugs improve cognitive function. This review article, based on the RD Lawrence Lecture presented at Diabetes UK Annual Professional Conference (2017), provides a brief overview of incretins with a major focus on GIP, the development of designer GIP analogues, and how these molecules can improve cognition. Thus, incretins can be considered as 'the intelligent hormones' and may hold the key to successfully treating the alarming rise in neurodegenerative disorders",
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RD Lawrence Lecture 2017 Incretins: the intelligent hormones in diabetes. / Gault, Victor A.

In: Diabetic medicine, Vol. N/A, 16.10.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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