There are many techniques that allow in vitro interactions among cells and their environment to be monitored, including molecular, biochemical and immunochemicaltechniques. Traditional techniques for the analysis of cells often require fixation or lysis from substrates; however, use of such destructive methods is not feasible where the expanded cell cultures are required to be used for clinical implantation. Several studies have previously highlighted the potential of Raman spectroscopy to provide useful information on key biochemical markers within cells. As such, we highlight thecapability of Raman spectroscopy with different laser spot sizes for use as a non-invasive, rapid, and specific method to perform in situ analysis of primary bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs). Raman spectra were collected from both individual live cells cultured on fused silica substrates and on clusters of live cells placed on fused silica substrates, measured at 532 and 785 nm. The results obtained show notable spectral differences in DNA/RNA region indicative of the relative cytoplasm and nucleus contributions. Raman spectra of cell clusters show slight variations in the intensity of the phenylalanine peak (1004 cm-1) indicating variations in protein contribution. These spectra also highlight contributions from other cellular components such as, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and carbohydrates, respectively.
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|