Radially Grown Graphene Nanoflakes on Carbon Fibers as Reinforcing Interface for Polymer Composites

Anastasios Karakasidis, Abhijit Ganguly, Kyriaki Tsirka, Akiviadis Paipetis, P Papakonstantinou

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41 Citations (Scopus)
111 Downloads (Pure)


The development of nanoscale reinforcements, which can tailor the interfacial strength and impart multiple functionalities on carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) composites, remains a challenge for their large-scale adoption in diverse applications ranging from aerospace to transportation and construction industries. In this work radially aligned graphene nanoflakes (GNFs), grown directly on carbon fibers (CFs) via a simple one-step microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition method, without any catalyst, were used as a novel nano-reinforcement interface. A remarkable 28% enhancement in the tensile strength of the hybrid fibers was observed via single-fiber tensile strength tests, whereas the interfacial shear strength (IFSS) increased by 101.5%. Our results demonstrate that GNFs not only improve the interfacial strength between the GNFs and the epoxy resin but also enhance the in-plane mechanical strength of the CFs - a well-known problem encountered with the direct growth of carbon nanotubes on CFs. In addition, GNFs provided embedded functionality via increased electrical conductivity (60.5% improvement for yarns and 16% for single fiber) and electrochemical capacitance (157% for yarns). This work indicates the potential of GNFs as an interphase for the simplified and cost-effective production of stronger multifunctional CFRP composite materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2402-2413
JournalACS Applied Nano Materials
Issue number3
Early online date25 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Mar 2020


  • electrical conductivity
  • electrochemical capacitance
  • hierarchical structures
  • interfacial shear strength (IFSS)
  • multifunctional fibers
  • tensile strength
  • vertical graphene nanoflakes (GNFs)


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