Edible oil adulteration is a main concern for consumers. This paper presents a study on the use of smartphone, coupled with image processing and chemometrics, to quantify adulterant levels in extra virgin olive oil. A sequence of light with varying colours is generated on the phone screen, which is used to illuminate oil samples. Videos are recorded to capture the colour changes on sample surface and are subsequently converted into spectral data for analysis. To evaluate the performance of this video approach, partial least squares regression models constructed from such video data as well as near-infrared, ultraviolet-visible and digital imaging data are compared in the task of quantifying the level of vegetable oil in extra virgin olive oil in the range 5%−50% (v/v). The results show that the video approach (R2 = 0.98 and RMSE = 0.02) yields comparable performance to baseline spectroscopy techniques and outperforms computer vision system approach. Since the smartphone-based sensor system is low-cost and easy to operate, it has high potential to become a consumer-oriented solution for detecting edible oil adulteration.
- Computer vision
- Olive oil adulteration
- Smartphone video
Song, W., Song, Z., Vincent, J., Wang, H., & Wang, Z. (2020). Quantification of extra virgin olive oil adulteration using smartphone videos. Talanta, 216, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2020.120920