Quantification of epitope-specific MHC class-II-restricted T cells following lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection

C Kamperschroer, Daniel Quinn

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    30 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    CD4(+) T cells are critical for the control of many viruses; however, the numbers of virus-specific CD4(+) cells that are expanded following infection are unknown. We have addressed this issue by enumerating virus-specific, MHC class-II-restricted T cells following infection of mice with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We have found that the numbers of T cells that produce interferon-gamma in response to stimulation with three different class-II-restricted LCMV epitopes increase from undetectable numbers in noninfected animals to between 4 x 10(5) and 2 x 10(6) cells per spleen at the peak of the T cell response. This contrasts with the numbers of virus-specific class-restricted T cells which expand ttl 1 x 10(7) to 2 x 10(7) cells per spleen during the same time period. We could not reproducibly detect virus-specific class-I-restricted or class-II-restricted T cells that produced interleukin-4 at any time following LCMV infection, indicating that infection with this virus induces a predominantly type 1 cytokine response. In contrast to the rapid decrease in the numbers of class-I-restricted T cells, the numbers of LCMV-specific class-II-restricted T cells declined gradually following the peak of the T cell response. We demonstrate, therefore, that following infection with LCMV there is expansion of both class-I-restricted and class-II-restricted virus-specific T cells; however, the degree of expansion of class-II-restricted T cells is substantially less than that observed for class-I-restricted cells. Furthermore, the downregulation phase of the class-II-restricted response is protracted compared with the precipitous contraction of the antiviral CD8(+) T cell response. (C) 1999 Academic Press.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages134-146
    JournalCellular Immunology
    Volume193
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - May 1999

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    Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
    Virus Diseases
    Epitopes
    T-Lymphocytes
    Viruses
    Spleen
    Infection
    Interleukin-4
    Interferon-gamma
    Antiviral Agents

    Cite this

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    abstract = "CD4(+) T cells are critical for the control of many viruses; however, the numbers of virus-specific CD4(+) cells that are expanded following infection are unknown. We have addressed this issue by enumerating virus-specific, MHC class-II-restricted T cells following infection of mice with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). We have found that the numbers of T cells that produce interferon-gamma in response to stimulation with three different class-II-restricted LCMV epitopes increase from undetectable numbers in noninfected animals to between 4 x 10(5) and 2 x 10(6) cells per spleen at the peak of the T cell response. This contrasts with the numbers of virus-specific class-restricted T cells which expand ttl 1 x 10(7) to 2 x 10(7) cells per spleen during the same time period. We could not reproducibly detect virus-specific class-I-restricted or class-II-restricted T cells that produced interleukin-4 at any time following LCMV infection, indicating that infection with this virus induces a predominantly type 1 cytokine response. In contrast to the rapid decrease in the numbers of class-I-restricted T cells, the numbers of LCMV-specific class-II-restricted T cells declined gradually following the peak of the T cell response. We demonstrate, therefore, that following infection with LCMV there is expansion of both class-I-restricted and class-II-restricted virus-specific T cells; however, the degree of expansion of class-II-restricted T cells is substantially less than that observed for class-I-restricted cells. Furthermore, the downregulation phase of the class-II-restricted response is protracted compared with the precipitous contraction of the antiviral CD8(+) T cell response. (C) 1999 Academic Press.",
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    Quantification of epitope-specific MHC class-II-restricted T cells following lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection. / Kamperschroer, C; Quinn, Daniel.

    Vol. 193, No. 2, 05.1999, p. 134-146.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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