Qualified nurses' smoking prevalence: their reasons for smoking and desire to quit

Hugh McKenna, P Slater, Tanya McCance, Brendan Bunting, A Spiers, G McElwee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim and rationale. The preventable nature of smoking related diseases places a major responsibility for health promotion on all health professionals. This study used a questionnaire to survey qualified nurses in Northern Ireland as to smoking prevalence and their desire to quit the habit. It also explores their knowledge base relating to smoking related diseases and their motivation to act as health promoters with patients who smoke. Methods. A random sample (n = 1074) of qualified nurses employed by the Health and Social Services Trusts, private, and voluntary organizations in the province were surveyed. Results. Results show that 25.8% were smokers, 19% were ex-smokers and 55.2% were nonsmokers. Three quarters expressed a wish to stop within 6-months. Almost all smokers and half of ex-smokers had taken up the habit prior to commencing nursing. `Addiction' and `enjoyment' were given as the principle reasons for continued smoking. Health reasons were paramount in smokers' desire to stop smoking. Conclusions. These findings suggest that smoking prevalence among qualified nurses in no greater than that reported by females in the general Northern Ireland population. Results also indicate that those nurses who smoke were less willing to take on the role of a health promoter with patients who smoke. Implications and recommendations for practice, education and research are explored.
LanguageEnglish
Pages769-775
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume35
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2001

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Smoking
Nurses
Smoke
Northern Ireland
Health
Habits
Knowledge Bases
Health Promotion
Social Work
Health Services
Motivation
Nursing
Organizations
Education
Research
Population

Cite this

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Qualified nurses' smoking prevalence: their reasons for smoking and desire to quit. / McKenna, Hugh; Slater, P; McCance, Tanya; Bunting, Brendan; Spiers, A; McElwee, G.

In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 35, No. 5, 09.2001, p. 769-775.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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