QRST cancellation in ECG signals during atrial fibrillation: Zero-padding versus time alignment.

Shima Gholinezhadasnefestani, OJ Escalona, Kimia Nazarzadeh, Vivek Kodoth, Ernest Lau, Ganesh Manoharan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In non-invasive atrial fibrillation (AF) ECG analysis, it is common to remove the QRST complex components by a time-aligned average over several ECG cycles. This paper proposes another alternative using zero-padding of the QRST segments which introduces less illusive high frequency content into the residual signal. The framework of this study follows three main steps: i) characterize the sub-segments of the ECG cycles which are associated with the AF episode, ii) implement a procedure for detecting QRS complexes and T waves using robust ECG signal processing techniques and, iii) cancel the detected QRST complexes in the abnormal ECG signal via two techniques which include attenuating the QRST segment by time aligned averaging and zero-padding. The Pan Tompkins' algorithm was utilized to detect Q, R and S peaks. Then, the Zhang's algorithm was utilized to find the onset and offset of each T wave. Subsequently, the QRST segment was determined in each period of the ECG signal. Then, two different approaches were applied to remove the QRST segments from each period and make the signal ready for AF analysis. In order to compare the efficiency of the QRST cancellation approaches, mean spectral power of the residual signal at high frequency bands (upper 12 Hz) was used. The results imply the superiority of the time-aligned averaging method for the application of AF analysis.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Pages1-7
Number of pages7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2012
EventSignal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), 2012, 6th International Conference - Gold Coast, Australia
Duration: 15 Dec 2012 → …

Conference

ConferenceSignal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), 2012, 6th International Conference
Period15/12/12 → …

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Electrocardiography
Frequency bands
Signal processing

Keywords

  • QRS cancellation
  • atrial fibrillation
  • ECG
  • signal averaging
  • zero padding
  • AF
  • Frequency Analysis
  • Peak Detection.

Cite this

Gholinezhadasnefestani, S., Escalona, OJ., Nazarzadeh, K., Kodoth, V., Lau, E., & Manoharan, G. (2012). QRST cancellation in ECG signals during atrial fibrillation: Zero-padding versus time alignment. In Unknown Host Publication (pp. 1-7) https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSPCS.2012.6507975
Gholinezhadasnefestani, Shima ; Escalona, OJ ; Nazarzadeh, Kimia ; Kodoth, Vivek ; Lau, Ernest ; Manoharan, Ganesh. / QRST cancellation in ECG signals during atrial fibrillation: Zero-padding versus time alignment. Unknown Host Publication. 2012. pp. 1-7
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abstract = "In non-invasive atrial fibrillation (AF) ECG analysis, it is common to remove the QRST complex components by a time-aligned average over several ECG cycles. This paper proposes another alternative using zero-padding of the QRST segments which introduces less illusive high frequency content into the residual signal. The framework of this study follows three main steps: i) characterize the sub-segments of the ECG cycles which are associated with the AF episode, ii) implement a procedure for detecting QRS complexes and T waves using robust ECG signal processing techniques and, iii) cancel the detected QRST complexes in the abnormal ECG signal via two techniques which include attenuating the QRST segment by time aligned averaging and zero-padding. The Pan Tompkins' algorithm was utilized to detect Q, R and S peaks. Then, the Zhang's algorithm was utilized to find the onset and offset of each T wave. Subsequently, the QRST segment was determined in each period of the ECG signal. Then, two different approaches were applied to remove the QRST segments from each period and make the signal ready for AF analysis. In order to compare the efficiency of the QRST cancellation approaches, mean spectral power of the residual signal at high frequency bands (upper 12 Hz) was used. The results imply the superiority of the time-aligned averaging method for the application of AF analysis.",
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Gholinezhadasnefestani, S, Escalona, OJ, Nazarzadeh, K, Kodoth, V, Lau, E & Manoharan, G 2012, QRST cancellation in ECG signals during atrial fibrillation: Zero-padding versus time alignment. in Unknown Host Publication. pp. 1-7, Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), 2012, 6th International Conference, 15/12/12. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSPCS.2012.6507975

QRST cancellation in ECG signals during atrial fibrillation: Zero-padding versus time alignment. / Gholinezhadasnefestani, Shima; Escalona, OJ; Nazarzadeh, Kimia; Kodoth, Vivek; Lau, Ernest; Manoharan, Ganesh.

Unknown Host Publication. 2012. p. 1-7.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Gholinezhadasnefestani S, Escalona OJ, Nazarzadeh K, Kodoth V, Lau E, Manoharan G. QRST cancellation in ECG signals during atrial fibrillation: Zero-padding versus time alignment. In Unknown Host Publication. 2012. p. 1-7 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSPCS.2012.6507975