The synovial fluid proteome in juvenile idiopathic arthritis was investigated to isolate joint-specific biomarkers that are expressed in patients displaying recurrent joint inflammation. To identify the synovial specific proteome, matched synovial fluid and plasma samples were subjected to protein separation by 2-dimension electrophoresis (2DE). Forty-three protein spots, overexpressed in the joint, were identified. Synovial fluids from children with single-event knee joint inflammation were then compared with a group with recurrent knee disease. Nine synovial specific proteins were significantly differentially expressed in the recurrent group. Proteolytic fragments of collagen X, fibrin beta-chain, and T-cell receptor alpha-region have been identified among this protein cluster. Putative biomarkers, overexpressed in the joint and differentially expressed in children with recurrent joint inflammation, have been identified. These proteins may play a significant role determining the pathological state within the chronically inflamed joint and influence disease progression in JIA. This is the first study of the synovial proteome in children.
- juvenile arthritis