Profit and prejudice: a critique of private English language education in Vietnam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


It is 30 years since Vietnam implemented the ‘Doi Moi’ economic reforms. The subsequent influx of capital was accompanied by a general infiltration of foreign influences, arguably none more important than the English language. This article focuses on an area where market and language converge: the private English as a second language industry. Drawing upon the ideas of Pierre Bourdieu, the article utilises the experiences of teachers to examine industry practices, with particular emphasis on the consequences of education commodification. The article locates its findings within the wider contexts of Vietnamese education, economy and the global propagation of the English language and market ideals. These findings depict a profit-driven industry where the customer always being right is not always right for the customer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)811-826
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
Issue number6
Early online date22 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 18 Aug 2018


  • Bourdieu
  • English language
  • Neoliberalism
  • Vietnam


Dive into the research topics of 'Profit and prejudice: a critique of private English language education in Vietnam'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this