Science has greatly contributed to the advancement of technology and to the innovation of production processes and their applications. Cleaning products have become indispensable in today’s world, as personal and environmental hygiene is important to all societies worldwide. Such products are used in the home, in most work environments and in the industrial sectors. Most of the detergents on the market are synthesised from petrochemical products. However, the interest in reducing the use of products harmful to human health and the environment has led to the search for detergents formulated with natural, biodegradable surfactant components of biological (plant or microbiological) origin or chemically synthesised from natural raw materials usually referred to as green surfactants. This review addresses the different types, properties, and uses of surfactants, with a focus on green surfactants, and describes the current scenario as well as the projections for the future market economy related to the production of the different types of green surfactants marketed in the world.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful for the funding of this study by the Research and Development Programme of the Agência Nacional de Energia Elétrica (ANEEL [National Electrical Energy Agency]) and the companies Centrais Elétricas da Paraíba (EPASA [State of Paraíba Electrical Centers]), Centrais Elétricas de Pernambuco SA (EPESA [State of Pernambuco Electrical Centers]), and Termocabo SA, Brazil. The authors are also grateful to the Brazilian fostering agencies Fundação de Amparo à Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Pernambuco (FACEPE [State of Pernambuco Assistance to Science and Technology Foundation]), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES [Coordination for the Advancement of Higher Education Personnel] finance code 0001), and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq [National Council of Scientific and Technological Development]).
The authors are grateful for laboratory support from Instituto Avan?ado de Tecnologia e Inova??o (IATI [Advanced Institute of Technology and Innovation]), the labs of the Centre for Sciences and Technology of the Catholic University of Pernambuco (UNICAP), Brazil, and the Faculty of Life and Health Sciences, School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK.
- Surfactant market
- Green surfactants
- Cleaning product