Production of electrical energy from carbohydrates using a transition metal-catalysed liquid alkaline fuel cell

J McGinley, FN McHale, P Hughes, CN Reid, Anthony McHale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass may be converted to energy by enzymatic hydrolysis to monomer components and fermentative conversion of those products to ethanol for use as fuel. Both glucose and xylose in aqueous solution were directly converted to electrical energy using a liquid alkaline fuel cell (AFC) at room temperature. Hydrolysis products derived from the action of cellulase and amylase on cellulose and starch, respectively, were also used as fuels in the AFC system. We suggest that this approach may provide a more direct means of accessing some of the energy available from biomass.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1771-1776
JournalBiotechnology Letters
Volume26
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

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Alkaline fuel cells
Transition metals
Biomass
Carbohydrates
Enzymatic hydrolysis
Cellulase
Liquids
Amylases
Cellulose
Starch
Hydrolysis
Ethanol
Monomers
Temperature
xylose-glucose

Cite this

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Production of electrical energy from carbohydrates using a transition metal-catalysed liquid alkaline fuel cell. / McGinley, J; McHale, FN; Hughes, P; Reid, CN; McHale, Anthony.

In: Biotechnology Letters, Vol. 26, No. 23, 12.2004, p. 1771-1776.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production of electrical energy from carbohydrates using a transition metal-catalysed liquid alkaline fuel cell

AU - McGinley, J

AU - McHale, FN

AU - Hughes, P

AU - Reid, CN

AU - McHale, Anthony

PY - 2004/12

Y1 - 2004/12

N2 - Biomass may be converted to energy by enzymatic hydrolysis to monomer components and fermentative conversion of those products to ethanol for use as fuel. Both glucose and xylose in aqueous solution were directly converted to electrical energy using a liquid alkaline fuel cell (AFC) at room temperature. Hydrolysis products derived from the action of cellulase and amylase on cellulose and starch, respectively, were also used as fuels in the AFC system. We suggest that this approach may provide a more direct means of accessing some of the energy available from biomass.

AB - Biomass may be converted to energy by enzymatic hydrolysis to monomer components and fermentative conversion of those products to ethanol for use as fuel. Both glucose and xylose in aqueous solution were directly converted to electrical energy using a liquid alkaline fuel cell (AFC) at room temperature. Hydrolysis products derived from the action of cellulase and amylase on cellulose and starch, respectively, were also used as fuels in the AFC system. We suggest that this approach may provide a more direct means of accessing some of the energy available from biomass.

M3 - Article

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SP - 1771

EP - 1776

JO - Biotechnology Letters

T2 - Biotechnology Letters

JF - Biotechnology Letters

SN - 0141-5492

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