A commercial preparation of alpha -amylase, Biotempase, obtained from Biocon India Pvt. Ltd., and crude glucoamylase produced from Aspergillus sp. NA21 were used to hydrolyse sorghum powder, a non-conventional starchy substrate. Among various concentrations of starch (15-35%, dry weight/volume) tried for maximum liquefaction; slurry made with 25% substrate concentration proved optimal. An economical process of liquefaction was carried out using steam under pressure (0.2-0.3 bar, 104-105 degreesC) to liquefy a 25% slurry in just 45 min, contrary to a slower process carried out at 95 degreesC in a water bath. For liquefaction of starch a pH of 5.0 proved to be optimum. The dose of Biotempase as prescribed by the supplier could be reduced by 33% achieving the same degree of liquefaction, by addition of CaCl2 to the starch slurry at the concentration of 200 mg/l. The conditions for the saccharification of liquefied starch were optimized to be 45 degreesC and pH 5.0, producing 90% saccharification in 24 h. Supplementation of divalent ions Ca2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+ in the process of saccharification showed no effect. Finally glucose was found to be the main hydrolysis product in the saccharification of sorghum starch.
|Journal||World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2001|
Aggarwal, NK., Singh - Nee Nigam, P., Singh, D., & Yadav, BS. (2001). Process optimization for the production of sugar for the bioethanol industry from sorghum, a non-conventional source of starch. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 17(4), 411-415.