Pro-inflammatory cytokines increase glucose, alanine and triacylglycerol utilization but inhibit insulin secretion in a clonal pancreatic beta-cell line

Aoife Kiely, Neville McClenaghan, Peter Flatt, Philip Newsholme

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We have investigated the effects of prolonged exposure (24 h) to pro-inflammatory cytokines on beta-cell metabolism and insulin secretion using clonal BRIN-BD11 beta cells. Addition of IL-1 beta, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and IFN-gamma (at concentrations that did not induce apoptosis) inhibited chronic (24 h) and acute stimulated levels of insulin release (by 59 and 93% respectively), increased cellular glucose and alanine consumption, and also elevated lactate and glutamate release. However, ATP levels and cellular triacylglycerol were decreased while glutathione was increased. We conclude that sub-lethal concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines appear to shift P-cell metabolism away from a key role in energy generation and stimulus-secretion coupling and towards a catabolic state which may be related to cell defence.
LanguageEnglish
Pages113-123
JournalJournal of Endrocrinology
Volume195
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

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Insulin-Secreting Cells
Alanine
Triglycerides
Insulin
Cytokines
Glucose
Cell Line
Interleukin-1beta
Glutathione
Glutamic Acid
Lactic Acid
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Adenosine Triphosphate
Apoptosis

Cite this

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Pro-inflammatory cytokines increase glucose, alanine and triacylglycerol utilization but inhibit insulin secretion in a clonal pancreatic beta-cell line. / Kiely, Aoife; McClenaghan, Neville; Flatt, Peter; Newsholme, Philip.

In: Journal of Endrocrinology, Vol. 195, No. 1, 10.2007, p. 113-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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