Primary school leadership: understanding preparation in the Tóraíocht programme

Samuel J. McGuinness, Verena Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In the context of an impending global educational recruitment crisis, together with the recognition of the critical impact of effective leadership on educational outcome, leadership preparation has become a focus of educational reform worldwide. The design and delivery of pre-appointment prgrammes for school leadeship has significance for school effectiveness. In many countries a leadership qualification is now mandatory for aspiring principals. In the Republic of Ireland, Tóraíocht, a non-mandatory accredited programme of preparation for school leadership was introduced in 2008, adding to the various diplomas and degrees awarded through higher education institutions. Adopting a narrative-informed qualitative methodological approach, the aim of this research study was to examine whether Tóraíocht makes a difference to the perceived leadership competencies of the novice primary school principals (n = 12), six of whom has participated in Tóraíocht and six of whom had not. The main findings indicate certain favourable conclusions regarding the impact of the programme on graduates subsequently appointed to primary-level principalship positions, and positive attitudes towards the propoed introduction of a compulsory pre-appointment leadership qualification in the near future.
LanguageEnglish
Pages207-223
JournalIrish Educational Studies
Volume34
Issue number2
Early online date9 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

primary school
leadership
qualification
school
educational reform
Ireland
republic
principal
graduate
narrative
education

Keywords

  • leadership
  • primary schools
  • Ireland

Cite this

@article{b379cc96a7e346518f99c91b537abb17,
title = "Primary school leadership: understanding preparation in the T{\'o}ra{\'i}ocht programme",
abstract = "In the context of an impending global educational recruitment crisis, together with the recognition of the critical impact of effective leadership on educational outcome, leadership preparation has become a focus of educational reform worldwide. The design and delivery of pre-appointment prgrammes for school leadeship has significance for school effectiveness. In many countries a leadership qualification is now mandatory for aspiring principals. In the Republic of Ireland, T{\'o}ra{\'i}ocht, a non-mandatory accredited programme of preparation for school leadership was introduced in 2008, adding to the various diplomas and degrees awarded through higher education institutions. Adopting a narrative-informed qualitative methodological approach, the aim of this research study was to examine whether T{\'o}ra{\'i}ocht makes a difference to the perceived leadership competencies of the novice primary school principals (n = 12), six of whom has participated in T{\'o}ra{\'i}ocht and six of whom had not. The main findings indicate certain favourable conclusions regarding the impact of the programme on graduates subsequently appointed to primary-level principalship positions, and positive attitudes towards the propoed introduction of a compulsory pre-appointment leadership qualification in the near future.",
keywords = "leadership, primary schools, Ireland",
author = "McGuinness, {Samuel J.} and Verena Cunningham",
note = "Reference text: 1. Anderson, M., E. Kleinhenz, B. Mulford, and D. Gurr. 2008. “Professional Learning of School Leaders in Australia.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 435–449. New York: Routledge. 2. Anthes, K. 2004. Administrator Licence Requirements, Portability, Waivers and Alternative Certification. Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States. 3. Bellamy, T. G., C. Fulmer, M. Murphy, and R. Muth. 2003. “A Framework for School Leadership Accomplishments: Perspectives on Knowledge, Practice, and Preparation for Principals.” Leadership and Policy in Schools 2 (4): 241–261. doi:10.1076/lpos.2.4.241.17892. [Taylor & Francis Online] 4. Bezzina, C. 2002. “The Making of Secondary School Principals: Some Perspectives from the Island of Malta.” International Studies in Educational Administration 30 (2): 2–16. 5. Blossing, U., and M. Ekholm. 2005. “School Reforms and Local Response in the Long Run: A Twenty-year Longitudinal Study of Thirty-five Swedish ‘Grund’ Schools.” Paper presented at the Second OECD Conference on Evidence-based Policy Research, Stockholm, January 27–28. 6. Browne-Ferrigno, T. 2003. “Becoming a Principal: Role Conception, Initial Socialization, Role-identity Transformation, Purposeful Engagement.” Educational Administration Quarterly 39 (4): 468–503. doi:10.1177/0013161X03255561. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 7. Brundrett, M. 2001. “The Development of School Leadership Preparation Programmes in England and the USA.” Educational Management and Administration 29 (2): 229–245. doi:10.1177/0263211X010292007. [CrossRef] 8. Brundrett, M. 2006. “The Impact of Leadership Training: Stories from a Small School.” Education 3-13 34 (2): 173–183. [Taylor & Francis Online] 9. Brundrett, M., and A. Dering. 2006. “The Rise of Leadership Development Programmes: A Global Phenomenon and a Complex Web.” School Leadership and Management 26 (2): 89–92. [Taylor & Francis Online] 10. Bush, T. 1998. “The National Professional Qualification for Headship: The Key to Effective School Leadership?” School Leadership and Management 18 (3): 321–333. doi:10.1080/13632439869529. [Taylor & Francis Online] 11. Bush, T. 2007. “Authenticity in Research-reliability, Validity and Triangulation.” In Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management, edited by M. Coleman and A. R. J. Briggs, 91–105. London: Paul Chapman. 12. Bush, T. 2008a. “Developing Educational Leaders – Don't Leave It to Chance.” Educational Management Administration and Leadership 36 (3): 307–309. doi:10.1177/1741143208090591. [CrossRef] 13. Bush, T. 2008b. Leadership and Management Development in Education. London: Sage. 14. Bush, T., M. T. Purvis, and L. Barallon. 2008. Leadership Development in Small Island States. In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 452–463. New York: Routledge. 15. Council of Chief State School Officers. 2008. Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers. 16. Cowie, M., ed. 2011. New Primary Leaders: International Perspectives. London: Continuum. 17. Cowie, M., and M. Crawford. 2007. “Leadership Preparation – Still an Act of Faith?” School Leadership and Management 27 (2): 129–146. [Taylor & Francis Online] 18. Cowie, M., and M. Crawford. 2009. “Headteacher Preparation Programmes in England and Scotland: Do They Make a Difference for the First-year Head?” School Leadership and Management 29 (1): 5–21. doi:10.1080/13632430802646354. [Taylor & Francis Online] 19. Crow, G. 2007. “The Professional and Organisational Socialisation of New English Headteachers in School Reform Contexts.” Educational Management and Administration 35 (1): 81–90. [CrossRef] 20. Daresh, J., and T. Male. 2000. “Crossing the Border into Leadership: Experiences of Newly Appointed British Headteachers and American Principals.” Educational Management and Administration 28 (1): 89–101. [CrossRef] 21. Davis, S., L. Darling-Hammond, M. LaPointe, and D. Meyerson. 2005. Review of Research, School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals. Stanford, CA: Stanford Educational Leadership Institute, Stanford University. 22. Department of Education and Science. 2009. Circular 0022/2009: Implementation of Moratorium on Promotions in the Public Service. Dublin: DES. 23. Department of Education and Skills. 2011. Literacy and Numeracy for Learning and Life: The National Strategy to Improve Literacy and Numeracy among Children and Young People 2011–2020. Dublin: Department of Education and Skills. 24. Draper, J., and P. McMichael. 1998. “Making Sense of Primary Headship: The Surprises Awaiting New Heads.” School Leadership and Management 18 (2): 197–211. doi:10.1080/13632439869646. [Taylor & Francis Online] 25. Drea, E., and J. O'Brien. 2002. Defining the Role of the Primary Principal in Ireland. Dublin: Hay Group. 26. Earley, P., and J. Evans. 2004. “Making a Difference: Leadership Development for Headteachers and Deputies – Ascertaining the Impact of the National College for School Leadership.” Educational Management Administration and Leadership 32 (3): 325–338. doi:10.1177/1741143204044420. [CrossRef] 27. Education and Training Inspectorate, Northern Ireland. 2013. Preparing School Principals to be Effective Leaders: A Review of Existing Leadership Programmes Including the Professional Qualification in Headship PQH (NI). Accessed February 28. http://www.etini.gov.uk/index/surveys-evaluations/surveys-evaluations-post-primary/surveys-evaluations-post-primary-2013/preparing-school-principals-to-be-effective-leaders.pdf. 28. Gayer, G. 2003. “The Selection Process and Continuing Education of School Principals in the City of Helsinki, Finland.” In Selecting and Developing Heads of Schools: Twenty-three European Perspectives, edited by L. E. Watson, 85. Sheffield: European Forum on Educational Administration. 29. Government of Ireland. 1999. Report of the Working Group on the Role of the Primary School Principal. Dublin: Government Publications. 30. Gray, J. 1998. “Narrative Inquiry.” Unpublished paper. Mount Lawley: Edith Cowan University. 31. Gronn, P. 1999. The Making of Educational Leaders. London: Cassell. 32. Hewitson, M. T. 1995. “The Preparation of Beginning Principals in Queensland: An Overview of Findings.” Journal of Educational Administration 33: 20–30. [CrossRef] 33. Huber, S. G. 2008. “School Development and School Leader Development: New Learning Opportunities for School Leaders and Their Schools.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 163–175. New York: Routledge. 34. Huber, S. G., and P. Pashiardis. 2008. “The Recruitment and Selection of School Leaders.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 176–190. New York: Routledge. 35. Kvale, S., and S. Brinkmann. 2009. Interviews: Learning the Craft of Qualitative Research Interviewing. 2nd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 36. Lane, J. J. ed. 1984. The Making of a Principal. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 37. Lashway, L. 2003. “Improving Principal Evaluation. Clearinghouse on Educational Policy Management.” Eric Digest 172: 1–7. 38. LDS (Leadership Development for Schools). 2003. School Leadership – A Profile. Ennis: Clare Education Centre. 39. LDS (Leadership Development for Schools). 2009. The Leadership Development for Schools Journey. www.primary.lds21.ie/files/LDS_Brochure_Apr_09. 40. Leithwood, K., C. Day, P. Sammons, A. Harris, and D. Hopkins. 2006. Seven Strong Claims about Successful School Leadership. Nottingham: NCSL and DfES. [Taylor & Francis Online] 41. Levine, A. 2005. Educating School Leaders. Washington, DC: Education Schools Project. 42. McDonald, V. 2008. “Leadership Issues for Principal Teachers.” Oideas 53 (2): 27–40. 43. M{\o}ller, J., and M. Schratz. 2008. “Leadership Development in Europe.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 341–367. New York: Routledge. 44. Morgan, M., and C. Sugrue. 2005. Evaluation of the Misneach Programme. Ennis: Clare Education Centre. 45. Muller, J. H. 1999. “Narrative Approaches to Qualitative Research in Primary Care.” In Doing Qualitative Research, edited by B. F. Crabtree, and W. L. Miller, 221–238. London: Sage. 46. National College for Leadership of Schools and Children's Services. 2010. National Professional for Qualification for Headship: Prospectus. www.nationalcollege.org.uk.npqh. 47. NPBEA (National Policy Board for Educational Administration). 2002. Instructions to Implement Standards for Advanced Programmes in Educational Leadership for Principals, Superintendents, Curriculum Directors and Supervisors. Arlington, VA: National Policy Board for Educational Administration. 48. Nunan, S. 2010. Loss of Posts and Leadership Development Training. www.into.ie/ROI/NewsEvents/PressReleases/PressReleases2010. 49. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2007. Improving School Leadership: OECD Project Background Report – Ireland. http://www.oecd.org/edu/schoolleadership. 50. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2008. Improving School Leadership, Volume 1: Policy and Practice. France: OECD. 51. Orr, M. T. 2011. “Pipeline to Preparation to Advancement: Graduate's Experiences in, through and beyond Leadership Preparation.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 114–172. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 52. Orr, M.T., and S. Orphanos. 2011. “How Graduate Level Preparation Influences the Effectiveness of School Leaders: A Comparison of the Outcomes of Exemplary and Conventional Leadership Preparation Programmes for Principals.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 18–70. doi:10.1177/0011000010378610. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 53. Perez, L. G., C. L. Uline, J. F. Johnson, C. James-Ward, and M. R. Basom. 2011. “Foregrounding Fieldwork in Leadership Preparation: The Transformative Capacity of Authentic Inquiry.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 217–257. doi:10.1177/0011000010378614. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 54. Pounder, G. 2011. “Leadership Preparation Special Issue: Implications for Policy, Practice and Research.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 258–267. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 55. Reeves, J., C. Forde, B. Morris, and E. Turner. 2003. “Social Processes and Work-based Learning in the Scottish Qualification for Headship.” In Leading People and Teams in Education, edited by L. Kidd, L. Anderson, and W. Newton, London: Paul Chapman. 56. RTU (Regional Training Unit) and LDS (Leadership Development for Schools). 2009. School Leadership Matters: An Empirical Assessment of the Attractiveness of Principalship in the North of Ireland and the South of Ireland. http://www.rtuni.org. 57. Ribbins, P. 2007. “Interviews in Educational Research: Conversations with a Purpose.” In Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management, 2nd edn., edited by R. J. Briggs, and M. Coleman, 61–80. London: Sage. 58. Ribbins, P. 2008. “A Life and Career Based Framework for the Study of Leaders in Education: Problems, Possibilities and Prescriptions.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 207–223. New York: Routledge. 59. Robinson, V. M. J., C. A. Lloyd, and K. J. Rowe. 2008. “The Impact of Leadership on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Differential Effects of Leadership Types.” Educational Administration Quarterly 44: 635–674. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 60. Rusch, E. A. 2008. “Curriculum and Pedagogy.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 345–451. New York: Routledge. 61. Sanders, N. M., and J. Simpson. 2005. State Policy Framework to Develop Highly Qualified Administrators. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers. 62. Simkins, T., M. Coldwell, P. Close, and A. Morgan. 2009. “Outcomes of In-school Leadership Development Work: A Study of Three NCSL Programmes.” Educational Management Administration and Leadership 37 (1): 29–50. [CrossRef], [Web of Science {\circledR}] 63. Walker, A., E. Bridges, and B. Chan. 1996. “Wisdom Gained, Wisdom Given: Instituting PBL in a Chinese Culture. Journal of Educational Administration 334 (5): 12–31. [CrossRef] 64. Welsh Assembly Government. 2008. Mandatory National Qualification for Headship (NPQH) in Wales: Circular 001: 2008. http://wales.gov.uk/. 65. Wildly, H., and S. Clarke. 2008. “Principals on L-plates: Rear-view Mirror Reflections.” Journal of Educational Administration 46 (6): 727–738. [CrossRef]",
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language = "English",
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pages = "207--223",
journal = "Irish Educational Studies",
issn = "0332-3315",
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}

Primary school leadership: understanding preparation in the Tóraíocht programme. / McGuinness, Samuel J.; Cunningham, Verena.

In: Irish Educational Studies, Vol. 34, No. 2, 09.06.2015, p. 207-223.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Primary school leadership: understanding preparation in the Tóraíocht programme

AU - McGuinness, Samuel J.

AU - Cunningham, Verena

N1 - Reference text: 1. Anderson, M., E. Kleinhenz, B. Mulford, and D. Gurr. 2008. “Professional Learning of School Leaders in Australia.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 435–449. New York: Routledge. 2. Anthes, K. 2004. Administrator Licence Requirements, Portability, Waivers and Alternative Certification. Denver, CO: Education Commission of the States. 3. Bellamy, T. G., C. Fulmer, M. Murphy, and R. Muth. 2003. “A Framework for School Leadership Accomplishments: Perspectives on Knowledge, Practice, and Preparation for Principals.” Leadership and Policy in Schools 2 (4): 241–261. doi:10.1076/lpos.2.4.241.17892. [Taylor & Francis Online] 4. Bezzina, C. 2002. “The Making of Secondary School Principals: Some Perspectives from the Island of Malta.” International Studies in Educational Administration 30 (2): 2–16. 5. Blossing, U., and M. Ekholm. 2005. “School Reforms and Local Response in the Long Run: A Twenty-year Longitudinal Study of Thirty-five Swedish ‘Grund’ Schools.” Paper presented at the Second OECD Conference on Evidence-based Policy Research, Stockholm, January 27–28. 6. Browne-Ferrigno, T. 2003. “Becoming a Principal: Role Conception, Initial Socialization, Role-identity Transformation, Purposeful Engagement.” Educational Administration Quarterly 39 (4): 468–503. doi:10.1177/0013161X03255561. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 7. Brundrett, M. 2001. “The Development of School Leadership Preparation Programmes in England and the USA.” Educational Management and Administration 29 (2): 229–245. doi:10.1177/0263211X010292007. [CrossRef] 8. Brundrett, M. 2006. “The Impact of Leadership Training: Stories from a Small School.” Education 3-13 34 (2): 173–183. [Taylor & Francis Online] 9. Brundrett, M., and A. Dering. 2006. “The Rise of Leadership Development Programmes: A Global Phenomenon and a Complex Web.” School Leadership and Management 26 (2): 89–92. [Taylor & Francis Online] 10. Bush, T. 1998. “The National Professional Qualification for Headship: The Key to Effective School Leadership?” School Leadership and Management 18 (3): 321–333. doi:10.1080/13632439869529. [Taylor & Francis Online] 11. Bush, T. 2007. “Authenticity in Research-reliability, Validity and Triangulation.” In Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management, edited by M. Coleman and A. R. J. Briggs, 91–105. London: Paul Chapman. 12. Bush, T. 2008a. “Developing Educational Leaders – Don't Leave It to Chance.” Educational Management Administration and Leadership 36 (3): 307–309. doi:10.1177/1741143208090591. [CrossRef] 13. Bush, T. 2008b. Leadership and Management Development in Education. London: Sage. 14. Bush, T., M. T. Purvis, and L. Barallon. 2008. Leadership Development in Small Island States. In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 452–463. New York: Routledge. 15. Council of Chief State School Officers. 2008. Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers. 16. Cowie, M., ed. 2011. New Primary Leaders: International Perspectives. London: Continuum. 17. Cowie, M., and M. Crawford. 2007. “Leadership Preparation – Still an Act of Faith?” School Leadership and Management 27 (2): 129–146. [Taylor & Francis Online] 18. Cowie, M., and M. Crawford. 2009. “Headteacher Preparation Programmes in England and Scotland: Do They Make a Difference for the First-year Head?” School Leadership and Management 29 (1): 5–21. doi:10.1080/13632430802646354. [Taylor & Francis Online] 19. Crow, G. 2007. “The Professional and Organisational Socialisation of New English Headteachers in School Reform Contexts.” Educational Management and Administration 35 (1): 81–90. [CrossRef] 20. Daresh, J., and T. Male. 2000. “Crossing the Border into Leadership: Experiences of Newly Appointed British Headteachers and American Principals.” Educational Management and Administration 28 (1): 89–101. [CrossRef] 21. Davis, S., L. Darling-Hammond, M. LaPointe, and D. Meyerson. 2005. Review of Research, School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals. Stanford, CA: Stanford Educational Leadership Institute, Stanford University. 22. Department of Education and Science. 2009. Circular 0022/2009: Implementation of Moratorium on Promotions in the Public Service. Dublin: DES. 23. Department of Education and Skills. 2011. Literacy and Numeracy for Learning and Life: The National Strategy to Improve Literacy and Numeracy among Children and Young People 2011–2020. Dublin: Department of Education and Skills. 24. Draper, J., and P. McMichael. 1998. “Making Sense of Primary Headship: The Surprises Awaiting New Heads.” School Leadership and Management 18 (2): 197–211. doi:10.1080/13632439869646. [Taylor & Francis Online] 25. Drea, E., and J. O'Brien. 2002. Defining the Role of the Primary Principal in Ireland. Dublin: Hay Group. 26. Earley, P., and J. Evans. 2004. “Making a Difference: Leadership Development for Headteachers and Deputies – Ascertaining the Impact of the National College for School Leadership.” Educational Management Administration and Leadership 32 (3): 325–338. doi:10.1177/1741143204044420. [CrossRef] 27. Education and Training Inspectorate, Northern Ireland. 2013. Preparing School Principals to be Effective Leaders: A Review of Existing Leadership Programmes Including the Professional Qualification in Headship PQH (NI). Accessed February 28. http://www.etini.gov.uk/index/surveys-evaluations/surveys-evaluations-post-primary/surveys-evaluations-post-primary-2013/preparing-school-principals-to-be-effective-leaders.pdf. 28. Gayer, G. 2003. “The Selection Process and Continuing Education of School Principals in the City of Helsinki, Finland.” In Selecting and Developing Heads of Schools: Twenty-three European Perspectives, edited by L. E. Watson, 85. Sheffield: European Forum on Educational Administration. 29. Government of Ireland. 1999. Report of the Working Group on the Role of the Primary School Principal. Dublin: Government Publications. 30. Gray, J. 1998. “Narrative Inquiry.” Unpublished paper. Mount Lawley: Edith Cowan University. 31. Gronn, P. 1999. The Making of Educational Leaders. London: Cassell. 32. Hewitson, M. T. 1995. “The Preparation of Beginning Principals in Queensland: An Overview of Findings.” Journal of Educational Administration 33: 20–30. [CrossRef] 33. Huber, S. G. 2008. “School Development and School Leader Development: New Learning Opportunities for School Leaders and Their Schools.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 163–175. New York: Routledge. 34. Huber, S. G., and P. Pashiardis. 2008. “The Recruitment and Selection of School Leaders.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 176–190. New York: Routledge. 35. Kvale, S., and S. Brinkmann. 2009. Interviews: Learning the Craft of Qualitative Research Interviewing. 2nd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. 36. Lane, J. J. ed. 1984. The Making of a Principal. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 37. Lashway, L. 2003. “Improving Principal Evaluation. Clearinghouse on Educational Policy Management.” Eric Digest 172: 1–7. 38. LDS (Leadership Development for Schools). 2003. School Leadership – A Profile. Ennis: Clare Education Centre. 39. LDS (Leadership Development for Schools). 2009. The Leadership Development for Schools Journey. www.primary.lds21.ie/files/LDS_Brochure_Apr_09. 40. Leithwood, K., C. Day, P. Sammons, A. Harris, and D. Hopkins. 2006. Seven Strong Claims about Successful School Leadership. Nottingham: NCSL and DfES. [Taylor & Francis Online] 41. Levine, A. 2005. Educating School Leaders. Washington, DC: Education Schools Project. 42. McDonald, V. 2008. “Leadership Issues for Principal Teachers.” Oideas 53 (2): 27–40. 43. Møller, J., and M. Schratz. 2008. “Leadership Development in Europe.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 341–367. New York: Routledge. 44. Morgan, M., and C. Sugrue. 2005. Evaluation of the Misneach Programme. Ennis: Clare Education Centre. 45. Muller, J. H. 1999. “Narrative Approaches to Qualitative Research in Primary Care.” In Doing Qualitative Research, edited by B. F. Crabtree, and W. L. Miller, 221–238. London: Sage. 46. National College for Leadership of Schools and Children's Services. 2010. National Professional for Qualification for Headship: Prospectus. www.nationalcollege.org.uk.npqh. 47. NPBEA (National Policy Board for Educational Administration). 2002. Instructions to Implement Standards for Advanced Programmes in Educational Leadership for Principals, Superintendents, Curriculum Directors and Supervisors. Arlington, VA: National Policy Board for Educational Administration. 48. Nunan, S. 2010. Loss of Posts and Leadership Development Training. www.into.ie/ROI/NewsEvents/PressReleases/PressReleases2010. 49. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2007. Improving School Leadership: OECD Project Background Report – Ireland. http://www.oecd.org/edu/schoolleadership. 50. OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). 2008. Improving School Leadership, Volume 1: Policy and Practice. France: OECD. 51. Orr, M. T. 2011. “Pipeline to Preparation to Advancement: Graduate's Experiences in, through and beyond Leadership Preparation.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 114–172. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 52. Orr, M.T., and S. Orphanos. 2011. “How Graduate Level Preparation Influences the Effectiveness of School Leaders: A Comparison of the Outcomes of Exemplary and Conventional Leadership Preparation Programmes for Principals.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 18–70. doi:10.1177/0011000010378610. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 53. Perez, L. G., C. L. Uline, J. F. Johnson, C. James-Ward, and M. R. Basom. 2011. “Foregrounding Fieldwork in Leadership Preparation: The Transformative Capacity of Authentic Inquiry.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 217–257. doi:10.1177/0011000010378614. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 54. Pounder, G. 2011. “Leadership Preparation Special Issue: Implications for Policy, Practice and Research.” Educational Administration Quarterly 47 (1): 258–267. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 55. Reeves, J., C. Forde, B. Morris, and E. Turner. 2003. “Social Processes and Work-based Learning in the Scottish Qualification for Headship.” In Leading People and Teams in Education, edited by L. Kidd, L. Anderson, and W. Newton, London: Paul Chapman. 56. RTU (Regional Training Unit) and LDS (Leadership Development for Schools). 2009. School Leadership Matters: An Empirical Assessment of the Attractiveness of Principalship in the North of Ireland and the South of Ireland. http://www.rtuni.org. 57. Ribbins, P. 2007. “Interviews in Educational Research: Conversations with a Purpose.” In Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management, 2nd edn., edited by R. J. Briggs, and M. Coleman, 61–80. London: Sage. 58. Ribbins, P. 2008. “A Life and Career Based Framework for the Study of Leaders in Education: Problems, Possibilities and Prescriptions.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 207–223. New York: Routledge. 59. Robinson, V. M. J., C. A. Lloyd, and K. J. Rowe. 2008. “The Impact of Leadership on Student Outcomes: An Analysis of the Differential Effects of Leadership Types.” Educational Administration Quarterly 44: 635–674. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 60. Rusch, E. A. 2008. “Curriculum and Pedagogy.” In International Handbook on the Preparation and Development of School Leaders, edited by J. Lumby, G. Crow, and P. Pashiardis, 345–451. New York: Routledge. 61. Sanders, N. M., and J. Simpson. 2005. State Policy Framework to Develop Highly Qualified Administrators. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers. 62. Simkins, T., M. Coldwell, P. Close, and A. Morgan. 2009. “Outcomes of In-school Leadership Development Work: A Study of Three NCSL Programmes.” Educational Management Administration and Leadership 37 (1): 29–50. [CrossRef], [Web of Science ®] 63. Walker, A., E. Bridges, and B. Chan. 1996. “Wisdom Gained, Wisdom Given: Instituting PBL in a Chinese Culture. Journal of Educational Administration 334 (5): 12–31. [CrossRef] 64. Welsh Assembly Government. 2008. Mandatory National Qualification for Headship (NPQH) in Wales: Circular 001: 2008. http://wales.gov.uk/. 65. Wildly, H., and S. Clarke. 2008. “Principals on L-plates: Rear-view Mirror Reflections.” Journal of Educational Administration 46 (6): 727–738. [CrossRef]

PY - 2015/6/9

Y1 - 2015/6/9

N2 - In the context of an impending global educational recruitment crisis, together with the recognition of the critical impact of effective leadership on educational outcome, leadership preparation has become a focus of educational reform worldwide. The design and delivery of pre-appointment prgrammes for school leadeship has significance for school effectiveness. In many countries a leadership qualification is now mandatory for aspiring principals. In the Republic of Ireland, Tóraíocht, a non-mandatory accredited programme of preparation for school leadership was introduced in 2008, adding to the various diplomas and degrees awarded through higher education institutions. Adopting a narrative-informed qualitative methodological approach, the aim of this research study was to examine whether Tóraíocht makes a difference to the perceived leadership competencies of the novice primary school principals (n = 12), six of whom has participated in Tóraíocht and six of whom had not. The main findings indicate certain favourable conclusions regarding the impact of the programme on graduates subsequently appointed to primary-level principalship positions, and positive attitudes towards the propoed introduction of a compulsory pre-appointment leadership qualification in the near future.

AB - In the context of an impending global educational recruitment crisis, together with the recognition of the critical impact of effective leadership on educational outcome, leadership preparation has become a focus of educational reform worldwide. The design and delivery of pre-appointment prgrammes for school leadeship has significance for school effectiveness. In many countries a leadership qualification is now mandatory for aspiring principals. In the Republic of Ireland, Tóraíocht, a non-mandatory accredited programme of preparation for school leadership was introduced in 2008, adding to the various diplomas and degrees awarded through higher education institutions. Adopting a narrative-informed qualitative methodological approach, the aim of this research study was to examine whether Tóraíocht makes a difference to the perceived leadership competencies of the novice primary school principals (n = 12), six of whom has participated in Tóraíocht and six of whom had not. The main findings indicate certain favourable conclusions regarding the impact of the programme on graduates subsequently appointed to primary-level principalship positions, and positive attitudes towards the propoed introduction of a compulsory pre-appointment leadership qualification in the near future.

KW - leadership

KW - primary schools

KW - Ireland

U2 - 10.1080/03323315.2015.1041271

DO - 10.1080/03323315.2015.1041271

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 207

EP - 223

JO - Irish Educational Studies

T2 - Irish Educational Studies

JF - Irish Educational Studies

SN - 0332-3315

IS - 2

ER -