Preventing, mitigating, and managing future pandemics for people with an intellectual and developmental disability: Learnings from COVID ‐19: A scoping review

Laurence Taggart, Peter Mulhall, Rosie Kelly, Henrietta Trip, William Sullivan , Eva Flygare Wallen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many people with an intellectual and developmental disability (IDD) are biologically, socially, and economically/politically vulnerable to developing SARS-COV-2 (COVID-19) compared to the general population. Most governments have developed public-health policies and strategies to address the challenges that COVID-19 has presented. These policies and strategies have been based upon the general population and in fact could be detrimental to the health and well-being of people with IDD. This paper provides a review of the key learning points emerging from the COVID-19 literature, together with guidance for the provision of services and government interventions for people with an IDD for future pandemics. Using guidance from the Joanna Briggs Institute, a scoping review was used to explore the current literature (scientific and grey) on IDD and COVID-19. Three core themes emerged from the review. Prevention/protection: User-friendly accurate accessible information, handwashing and social distancing, Personal Protective Equipment, shielding, track and trace, testing, vaccine compliance/hesitancy, and training. Mitigation: Making reasonable adjustments both to where people live, and to community healthcare/clinical practice; and the use of technology as a pandemic-response strategy. Treatment/Management: Access to acute hospitals and lifesaving equipment, using a suitable clinical fatality assessment instrument, stopping Do Not Resuscitate notices, individualised care plans and hospital passports, family/paid carers to support people in hospitals; and use of telehealth in clinical care. This is the first international scoping review that provides a narrative synthesis of emerging themes related to the COVID-19 pandemic and people with an IDD. This paper highlights themes related to preventing, mitigating, and treating/managing the care of this population during the COVID-19 pandemic, which can inform future public-health policies. This paper also exposes the negative impacts of public-health interventions in both High-Income Countries and Low-Middle Income Countries for this population including lapses in upholding human rights. These data provide a basis for learning from the COVID-19 pandemic in planning for future pandemics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-34
Number of pages31
JournalJournal of Policy and Practice in Intellectual Disabilities
Volume19
Issue number1
Early online date22 Jan 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Keywords

  • intellectual and developmental disability
  • COVID-19
  • Scoping review
  • medical care
  • mitigation
  • pandemic
  • public-health prevention
  • Health (social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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