Pressurization of Bone Cement under Standard, Flanged and Custom Acetabular Components for Total Hip Replacement

DE Beverland, WG Kernohan, JR Nixon, JF Orr, P Watson

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Custom acetabular components are proposed to achieve uniform cement mantles, even in irregular acetabula presented at revision, in order to enhance fixation. One aim of developing custom components was to permit pressurization of bone cement by the components at insertion and maintain the pressure during polymerization. A model acetabulum was set up for the insertion of standard, flanged and custom components under constant force. Cement pressure was measured at the floor of the acetabulum by means of a piezoelectric diaphragm transducer. Polythene tubes were inserted in the model acetabular walls to estimate penetration of cement into cancellous bone.Insertion of the standard and flanged components caused cement pressures up to 106 kPa which decayed to less than 21 kPa as cement escaped at the rim and the components came into contact with the acetabulum. The custom component maintained a pressure of over 60 kPa during polymerization from an initial pressure of 105 kPa and examination of cement mantles on removal showed no evidence of contact. The custom component also showed enhanced penetration of cement, especially around the rim of the acetabulum. It is concluded that the custom component design achieves higher cement pressures and that better fixation will result.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-23
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Mar 1993

Bibliographical note

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  • hip replacement


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