Preparation of hydroxide-free magnesium oxide films by an alkoxide-free sol-gel technique

S. Chakrabarti, D. Ganguli, S. Chaudhuri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crystalline films of magnesium oxide (periclase and the "β"-phase) with or without magnesium hydroxide were deposited on soda lime glass and n-type silicon (100) substrates by sol-gel method with a view to controlling the formation of magnesium hydroxide and studying its role of hydroxide in the grain growth of MgO film. The gel films were crystallized by annealing at 500 °C (rapid thermal processing, RTP, or vacuum annealing) and 800 °C (air annealing). The phase assemblage was found to be dependent on the cleaning method of the substrate; when the cleaning method was essentially non-aqueous, no hydroxide crystallized in the annealed films. Aging of the annealed films under a humid atmosphere (65-75% relative humidity) led to the generation of Mg(OH)2 in freshly prepared (hydroxide-free) films and increase in its formation when it was already present. Hydroxide-free films showed significant growth in grain size compared to the other films, indicating a possible inhibiting role of the hydroxide in grain growth.

LanguageEnglish
Pages4483-4492
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Letters
Volume57
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2003

Fingerprint

Magnesium Oxide
magnesium oxides
Magnesia
alkoxides
hydroxides
Oxide films
Sol-gels
oxide films
gels
preparation
Magnesium Hydroxide
Annealing
Grain growth
cleaning
annealing
Magnesium
magnesium
Cleaning
periclase
Rapid thermal processing

Keywords

  • Magnesium hydroxide
  • Magnesium oxide
  • Soda lime glass
  • Sol-gel

Cite this

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abstract = "Crystalline films of magnesium oxide (periclase and the {"}β{"}-phase) with or without magnesium hydroxide were deposited on soda lime glass and n-type silicon (100) substrates by sol-gel method with a view to controlling the formation of magnesium hydroxide and studying its role of hydroxide in the grain growth of MgO film. The gel films were crystallized by annealing at 500 °C (rapid thermal processing, RTP, or vacuum annealing) and 800 °C (air annealing). The phase assemblage was found to be dependent on the cleaning method of the substrate; when the cleaning method was essentially non-aqueous, no hydroxide crystallized in the annealed films. Aging of the annealed films under a humid atmosphere (65-75{\%} relative humidity) led to the generation of Mg(OH)2 in freshly prepared (hydroxide-free) films and increase in its formation when it was already present. Hydroxide-free films showed significant growth in grain size compared to the other films, indicating a possible inhibiting role of the hydroxide in grain growth.",
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Preparation of hydroxide-free magnesium oxide films by an alkoxide-free sol-gel technique. / Chakrabarti, S.; Ganguli, D.; Chaudhuri, S.

In: Materials Letters, Vol. 57, No. 29, 01.11.2003, p. 4483-4492.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Chakrabarti, S.

AU - Ganguli, D.

AU - Chaudhuri, S.

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N2 - Crystalline films of magnesium oxide (periclase and the "β"-phase) with or without magnesium hydroxide were deposited on soda lime glass and n-type silicon (100) substrates by sol-gel method with a view to controlling the formation of magnesium hydroxide and studying its role of hydroxide in the grain growth of MgO film. The gel films were crystallized by annealing at 500 °C (rapid thermal processing, RTP, or vacuum annealing) and 800 °C (air annealing). The phase assemblage was found to be dependent on the cleaning method of the substrate; when the cleaning method was essentially non-aqueous, no hydroxide crystallized in the annealed films. Aging of the annealed films under a humid atmosphere (65-75% relative humidity) led to the generation of Mg(OH)2 in freshly prepared (hydroxide-free) films and increase in its formation when it was already present. Hydroxide-free films showed significant growth in grain size compared to the other films, indicating a possible inhibiting role of the hydroxide in grain growth.

AB - Crystalline films of magnesium oxide (periclase and the "β"-phase) with or without magnesium hydroxide were deposited on soda lime glass and n-type silicon (100) substrates by sol-gel method with a view to controlling the formation of magnesium hydroxide and studying its role of hydroxide in the grain growth of MgO film. The gel films were crystallized by annealing at 500 °C (rapid thermal processing, RTP, or vacuum annealing) and 800 °C (air annealing). The phase assemblage was found to be dependent on the cleaning method of the substrate; when the cleaning method was essentially non-aqueous, no hydroxide crystallized in the annealed films. Aging of the annealed films under a humid atmosphere (65-75% relative humidity) led to the generation of Mg(OH)2 in freshly prepared (hydroxide-free) films and increase in its formation when it was already present. Hydroxide-free films showed significant growth in grain size compared to the other films, indicating a possible inhibiting role of the hydroxide in grain growth.

KW - Magnesium hydroxide

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