Predication of the in-plane mechanical properties of continuous carbon fibre reinforced 3D printed polymer composites using classical laminated-plate theory

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Abstract

In this study in-plane mechanical properties of continuous carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic polyamide composite manufactured using a Markforged Two 3D printing system was evaluated and compared against predicted values from classical laminated-plate theory. Strength, stiffness and Poisson’s ratio of the composite specimens were measured using tensile testing both in longitudinal and transverse direction and the shear properties were also measured. The influence of fibre orientation on mechanical properties was investigated and were compared with that of non-reinforced nylon samples and known material property values from literature. It was determined that the modulus of elasticity and tensile strength values were significantly improved to 603.43 MPa and 85 GPa respectively as compare to unreinforced nylon specimens. Furthermore, cross-sectional micrographs of specimens are analysed to observe the microstructure and fracture mechanism of the 3D printed composite. Experimentally determined values were used to predict the behaviour of the materials in different orientation using classical laminated-plate theory on the commercially available LAP (Laminated Analysis programme) software. The model developed will allow the designers to predict the elastic (mechanical) properties of 3D printed parts reinforced with fibre for components which require specific mechanical properties.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113226
Number of pages8
JournalComposite Structures
Volume259
Early online date6 Nov 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing (AM)
  • Continuous carbon fibre polymer composites (CCFPC)
  • Fused deposition modelling (FDM)

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