Pre-service education and attitudes towards inclusion: the role of the teacher educator within a permeated teaching model.

Jackie Lambe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the role teacher educators working within a permeated teaching model in Northern Ireland, and student teachers’ attitudes towards SEN and Inclusion.A cohort of 125 student teachers representing eight subject areas responded to a survey exploring attitudes towards issues relating to inclusive education. Interviews conducted with the subject teacher educators examined their beliefs about inclusion, personal efficacy and the extent to which the outworking of a permeated model was an effective method of programme delivery. The findings indicate that while student attitudes towards the philosophy of inclusion were generally positive, those of the teacher educators were not necessarily reflected in the views of their subject group. The research evidenced a lack of uniformity in approach in promoting inclusion and inclusive practices across subjects, suggesting that the use of a permeated model did not always provide equity of student experience when selection of course content was the choice of the individual subject tutor. Teacher educators identified lack of personal knowledge, time restrictions within the pre-service programme and lack of resources as the main barriers to effective practice in supporting student teachers’ learning in SEN and Inclusion.Keywords: teacher educator: pre-service education; SEN and Inclusion; permeated teaching model
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-999
JournalInternational Journal of Inclusive Education
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 21 Nov 2011

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  • : teacher educator: pre-service education
  • SEN and Inclusion
  • permeated teaching model


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