Pre-Reflection-in-Action: Rethinking Schön’s Reflective Practice through the ‘Habits of Design

Anna Rylander Eklund, Brian Dixon, Frithjof Wegener

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This article examines Schön’s positioning of reflective practice in relation to design. Focus is directed in particular to his presentation of the acting-thinking relationship. Questioning this we turn to the work of the philosopher John Dewey, who acted as one of Schön’s key inspirational sources. Here, we consider Dewey’s presentation of thought-in-action, artistry and importantly, habit. We argue that a wider referencing of this material, most especially the art-habits relationship, holds the potential to expand the Schönian presentation of design, providing the field with a more nuanced modeling of what it means both to design and to become a designer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalDesign Issues
Issue number4
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2 Mar 2023


  • Schon
  • Dewey
  • Habit
  • Reflection
  • Design


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