Power generation from biomass in a small CFBC plant compared with biomass co-fired with coal in a large CFBC

D McIlveen-Wright, S Rezvani, Y Huang, NJ Hewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

which is not intermittent, location-dependent or very difficult to store. If grown sustainably, biomass can be considered to be CO 2 neutral. The use of biomass for power generation is also considered to be important in increasing the electricity output from renewable energy sources. However, power plants dedicated to the use of biomass fuel are not in widespread use and the acceptance of this fuel and development of the infrastructure for biomass production and transportation remain in their infancy. If small ratios of biomass can be co-fired with coal in large-scale conventional power plants, without significant technical, environmental or economic penalties, it could lead to a greater demand for biomass and so stimulate the industry. In this study a 80 MWth Circulating Fluidised Bed Combustion (CFBC) plant, fuelled by biomass only, and a large-scale 1000 MWth CFBC, co-fired with coal and 8% biomass, and the same large CFBC system, fired only with coal, are modelled using the ECLIPSE process simulation package and their technical, environmental and economic properties analysed and compared. The co-firing of biomass with coal was found to have little effect on the large-scale CFBC system, when a small ratio of biomass is used. The large scale system was found to have higher efficiency, lower CO2 emissions and lower break- even electricity selling price than the small biomass-fuelled CFBC. Co-firing of biomass with coal could be a promising way of promoting the production, use and acceptance of biomass as a fuel in electricity generation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-150
JournalInternational Journal of Ambient Energy
Volume28
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

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